1 /*
   2  * Copyright (c) 1997, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
   3  * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
   4  *
   5  * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
   6  * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
   7  * published by the Free Software Foundation.
   8  *
   9  * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
  10  * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
  11  * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
  12  * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
  13  * accompanied this code).
  14  *
  15  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
  16  * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
  17  * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
  18  *
  19  * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
  20  * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
  21  * questions.
  22  *
  23  */
  24 
  25 #include "precompiled.hpp"
  26 #include "jvm.h"
  27 #include "classfile/defaultMethods.hpp"
  28 #include "classfile/javaClasses.hpp"
  29 #include "classfile/resolutionErrors.hpp"
  30 #include "classfile/symbolTable.hpp"
  31 #include "classfile/systemDictionary.hpp"
  32 #include "classfile/vmSymbols.hpp"
  33 #include "compiler/compileBroker.hpp"
  34 #include "gc/shared/collectedHeap.inline.hpp"
  35 #include "interpreter/bytecode.hpp"
  36 #include "interpreter/interpreterRuntime.hpp"
  37 #include "interpreter/linkResolver.hpp"
  38 #include "logging/log.hpp"
  39 #include "logging/logStream.hpp"
  40 #include "memory/resourceArea.hpp"
  41 #include "memory/universe.hpp"
  42 #include "oops/constantPool.hpp"
  43 #include "oops/cpCache.inline.hpp"
  44 #include "oops/instanceKlass.hpp"
  45 #include "oops/method.hpp"
  46 #include "oops/objArrayKlass.hpp"
  47 #include "oops/objArrayOop.hpp"
  48 #include "oops/oop.inline.hpp"
  49 #include "prims/methodHandles.hpp"
  50 #include "prims/nativeLookup.hpp"
  51 #include "runtime/compilationPolicy.hpp"
  52 #include "runtime/fieldDescriptor.inline.hpp"
  53 #include "runtime/frame.inline.hpp"
  54 #include "runtime/handles.inline.hpp"
  55 #include "runtime/reflection.hpp"
  56 #include "runtime/safepointVerifiers.hpp"
  57 #include "runtime/signature.hpp"
  58 #include "runtime/thread.inline.hpp"
  59 #include "runtime/vmThread.hpp"
  60 
  61 //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  62 // Implementation of CallInfo
  63 
  64 
  65 void CallInfo::set_static(Klass* resolved_klass, const methodHandle& resolved_method, TRAPS) {
  66   int vtable_index = Method::nonvirtual_vtable_index;
  67   set_common(resolved_klass, resolved_klass, resolved_method, resolved_method, CallInfo::direct_call, vtable_index, CHECK);
  68 }
  69 
  70 
  71 void CallInfo::set_interface(Klass* resolved_klass,
  72                              Klass* selected_klass,
  73                              const methodHandle& resolved_method,
  74                              const methodHandle& selected_method,
  75                              int itable_index, TRAPS) {
  76   // This is only called for interface methods. If the resolved_method
  77   // comes from java/lang/Object, it can be the subject of a virtual call, so
  78   // we should pick the vtable index from the resolved method.
  79   // In that case, the caller must call set_virtual instead of set_interface.
  80   assert(resolved_method->method_holder()->is_interface(), "");
  81   assert(itable_index == resolved_method()->itable_index(), "");
  82   set_common(resolved_klass, selected_klass, resolved_method, selected_method, CallInfo::itable_call, itable_index, CHECK);
  83 }
  84 
  85 void CallInfo::set_virtual(Klass* resolved_klass,
  86                            Klass* selected_klass,
  87                            const methodHandle& resolved_method,
  88                            const methodHandle& selected_method,
  89                            int vtable_index, TRAPS) {
  90   assert(vtable_index >= 0 || vtable_index == Method::nonvirtual_vtable_index, "valid index");
  91   assert(vtable_index < 0 || !resolved_method->has_vtable_index() || vtable_index == resolved_method->vtable_index(), "");
  92   CallKind kind = (vtable_index >= 0 && !resolved_method->can_be_statically_bound() ? CallInfo::vtable_call : CallInfo::direct_call);
  93   set_common(resolved_klass, selected_klass, resolved_method, selected_method, kind, vtable_index, CHECK);
  94   assert(!resolved_method->is_compiled_lambda_form(), "these must be handled via an invokehandle call");
  95 }
  96 
  97 void CallInfo::set_handle(const methodHandle& resolved_method,
  98                           Handle resolved_appendix, TRAPS) {
  99   set_handle(SystemDictionary::MethodHandle_klass(), resolved_method, resolved_appendix, CHECK);
 100 }
 101 
 102 void CallInfo::set_handle(Klass* resolved_klass,
 103                           const methodHandle& resolved_method,
 104                           Handle resolved_appendix, TRAPS) {
 105   guarantee(resolved_method.not_null(), "resolved method is null");
 106   assert(resolved_method->intrinsic_id() == vmIntrinsics::_invokeBasic ||
 107          resolved_method->is_compiled_lambda_form(),
 108          "linkMethod must return one of these");
 109   int vtable_index = Method::nonvirtual_vtable_index;
 110   assert(!resolved_method->has_vtable_index(), "");
 111   set_common(resolved_klass, resolved_klass, resolved_method, resolved_method, CallInfo::direct_call, vtable_index, CHECK);
 112   _resolved_appendix = resolved_appendix;
 113 }
 114 
 115 void CallInfo::set_common(Klass* resolved_klass,
 116                           Klass* selected_klass,
 117                           const methodHandle& resolved_method,
 118                           const methodHandle& selected_method,
 119                           CallKind kind,
 120                           int index,
 121                           TRAPS) {
 122   assert(resolved_method->signature() == selected_method->signature(), "signatures must correspond");
 123   _resolved_klass  = resolved_klass;
 124   _selected_klass  = selected_klass;
 125   _resolved_method = resolved_method;
 126   _selected_method = selected_method;
 127   _call_kind       = kind;
 128   _call_index      = index;
 129   _resolved_appendix = Handle();
 130   DEBUG_ONLY(verify());  // verify before making side effects
 131 
 132   CompilationPolicy::compile_if_required(selected_method, THREAD);
 133 }
 134 
 135 // utility query for unreflecting a method
 136 CallInfo::CallInfo(Method* resolved_method, Klass* resolved_klass, TRAPS) {
 137   Klass* resolved_method_holder = resolved_method->method_holder();
 138   if (resolved_klass == NULL) { // 2nd argument defaults to holder of 1st
 139     resolved_klass = resolved_method_holder;
 140   }
 141   _resolved_klass  = resolved_klass;
 142   _selected_klass  = resolved_klass;
 143   _resolved_method = resolved_method;
 144   _selected_method = resolved_method;
 145   // classify:
 146   CallKind kind = CallInfo::unknown_kind;
 147   int index = resolved_method->vtable_index();
 148   if (resolved_method->can_be_statically_bound()) {
 149     kind = CallInfo::direct_call;
 150   } else if (!resolved_method_holder->is_interface()) {
 151     // Could be an Object method inherited into an interface, but still a vtable call.
 152     kind = CallInfo::vtable_call;
 153   } else if (!resolved_klass->is_interface()) {
 154     // A default or miranda method.  Compute the vtable index.
 155     index = LinkResolver::vtable_index_of_interface_method(resolved_klass,
 156                            resolved_method);
 157     assert(index >= 0 , "we should have valid vtable index at this point");
 158 
 159     kind = CallInfo::vtable_call;
 160   } else if (resolved_method->has_vtable_index()) {
 161     // Can occur if an interface redeclares a method of Object.
 162 
 163 #ifdef ASSERT
 164     // Ensure that this is really the case.
 165     Klass* object_klass = SystemDictionary::Object_klass();
 166     Method * object_resolved_method = object_klass->vtable().method_at(index);
 167     assert(object_resolved_method->name() == resolved_method->name(),
 168       "Object and interface method names should match at vtable index %d, %s != %s",
 169       index, object_resolved_method->name()->as_C_string(), resolved_method->name()->as_C_string());
 170     assert(object_resolved_method->signature() == resolved_method->signature(),
 171       "Object and interface method signatures should match at vtable index %d, %s != %s",
 172       index, object_resolved_method->signature()->as_C_string(), resolved_method->signature()->as_C_string());
 173 #endif // ASSERT
 174 
 175     kind = CallInfo::vtable_call;
 176   } else {
 177     // A regular interface call.
 178     kind = CallInfo::itable_call;
 179     index = resolved_method->itable_index();
 180   }
 181   assert(index == Method::nonvirtual_vtable_index || index >= 0, "bad index %d", index);
 182   _call_kind  = kind;
 183   _call_index = index;
 184   _resolved_appendix = Handle();
 185   // Find or create a ResolvedMethod instance for this Method*
 186   set_resolved_method_name(CHECK);
 187 
 188   DEBUG_ONLY(verify());
 189 }
 190 
 191 void CallInfo::set_resolved_method_name(TRAPS) {
 192   Method* m = _resolved_method();
 193   assert(m != NULL, "Should already have a Method*");
 194   oop rmethod_name = java_lang_invoke_ResolvedMethodName::find_resolved_method(m, CHECK);
 195   _resolved_method_name = Handle(THREAD, rmethod_name);
 196 }
 197 
 198 #ifdef ASSERT
 199 void CallInfo::verify() {
 200   switch (call_kind()) {  // the meaning and allowed value of index depends on kind
 201   case CallInfo::direct_call:
 202     if (_call_index == Method::nonvirtual_vtable_index)  break;
 203     // else fall through to check vtable index:
 204   case CallInfo::vtable_call:
 205     assert(resolved_klass()->verify_vtable_index(_call_index), "");
 206     break;
 207   case CallInfo::itable_call:
 208     assert(resolved_method()->method_holder()->verify_itable_index(_call_index), "");
 209     break;
 210   case CallInfo::unknown_kind:
 211     assert(call_kind() != CallInfo::unknown_kind, "CallInfo must be set");
 212     break;
 213   default:
 214     fatal("Unexpected call kind %d", call_kind());
 215   }
 216 }
 217 #endif // ASSERT
 218 
 219 #ifndef PRODUCT
 220 void CallInfo::print() {
 221   ResourceMark rm;
 222   const char* kindstr;
 223   switch (_call_kind) {
 224   case direct_call: kindstr = "direct";  break;
 225   case vtable_call: kindstr = "vtable";  break;
 226   case itable_call: kindstr = "itable";  break;
 227   default         : kindstr = "unknown"; break;
 228   }
 229   tty->print_cr("Call %s@%d %s", kindstr, _call_index,
 230                 _resolved_method.is_null() ? "(none)" : _resolved_method->name_and_sig_as_C_string());
 231 }
 232 #endif
 233 
 234 //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 235 // Implementation of LinkInfo
 236 
 237 LinkInfo::LinkInfo(const constantPoolHandle& pool, int index, const methodHandle& current_method, TRAPS) {
 238    // resolve klass
 239   _resolved_klass = pool->klass_ref_at(index, CHECK);
 240 
 241   // Get name, signature, and static klass
 242   _name          = pool->name_ref_at(index);
 243   _signature     = pool->signature_ref_at(index);
 244   _tag           = pool->tag_ref_at(index);
 245   _current_klass = pool->pool_holder();
 246   _current_method = current_method;
 247 
 248   // Coming from the constant pool always checks access
 249   _check_access  = true;
 250 }
 251 
 252 LinkInfo::LinkInfo(const constantPoolHandle& pool, int index, TRAPS) {
 253    // resolve klass
 254   _resolved_klass = pool->klass_ref_at(index, CHECK);
 255 
 256   // Get name, signature, and static klass
 257   _name          = pool->name_ref_at(index);
 258   _signature     = pool->signature_ref_at(index);
 259   _tag           = pool->tag_ref_at(index);
 260   _current_klass = pool->pool_holder();
 261   _current_method = methodHandle();
 262 
 263   // Coming from the constant pool always checks access
 264   _check_access  = true;
 265 }
 266 
 267 #ifndef PRODUCT
 268 void LinkInfo::print() {
 269   ResourceMark rm;
 270   tty->print_cr("Link resolved_klass=%s name=%s signature=%s current_klass=%s check_access=%s",
 271                 _resolved_klass->name()->as_C_string(),
 272                 _name->as_C_string(),
 273                 _signature->as_C_string(),
 274                 _current_klass == NULL ? "(none)" : _current_klass->name()->as_C_string(),
 275                 _check_access ? "true" : "false");
 276 }
 277 #endif // PRODUCT
 278 //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 279 // Klass resolution
 280 
 281 void LinkResolver::check_klass_accessability(Klass* ref_klass, Klass* sel_klass,
 282                                              bool fold_type_to_class, TRAPS) {
 283   Klass* base_klass = sel_klass;
 284   if (fold_type_to_class) {
 285     if (sel_klass->is_objArray_klass()) {
 286       base_klass = ObjArrayKlass::cast(sel_klass)->bottom_klass();
 287     }
 288     // The element type could be a typeArray - we only need the access
 289     // check if it is a reference to another class.
 290     if (!base_klass->is_instance_klass()) {
 291       return;  // no relevant check to do
 292     }
 293   }
 294   Reflection::VerifyClassAccessResults vca_result =
 295     Reflection::verify_class_access(ref_klass, InstanceKlass::cast(base_klass), true);
 296   if (vca_result != Reflection::ACCESS_OK) {
 297     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 298     char* msg = Reflection::verify_class_access_msg(ref_klass,
 299                                                     InstanceKlass::cast(base_klass),
 300                                                     vca_result);
 301     bool same_module = (base_klass->module() == ref_klass->module());
 302     if (msg == NULL) {
 303       Exceptions::fthrow(
 304         THREAD_AND_LOCATION,
 305         vmSymbols::java_lang_IllegalAccessError(),
 306         "failed to access class %s from class %s (%s%s%s)",
 307         base_klass->external_name(),
 308         ref_klass->external_name(),
 309         (same_module) ? base_klass->joint_in_module_of_loader(ref_klass) : base_klass->class_in_module_of_loader(),
 310         (same_module) ? "" : "; ",
 311         (same_module) ? "" : ref_klass->class_in_module_of_loader());
 312     } else {
 313       // Use module specific message returned by verify_class_access_msg().
 314       Exceptions::fthrow(
 315         THREAD_AND_LOCATION,
 316         vmSymbols::java_lang_IllegalAccessError(),
 317         "%s", msg);
 318     }
 319   }
 320 }
 321 
 322 //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 323 // Method resolution
 324 //
 325 // According to JVM spec. $5.4.3c & $5.4.3d
 326 
 327 // Look up method in klasses, including static methods
 328 // Then look up local default methods
 329 Method* LinkResolver::lookup_method_in_klasses(const LinkInfo& link_info,
 330                                                bool checkpolymorphism,
 331                                                bool in_imethod_resolve) {
 332   NoSafepointVerifier nsv;  // Method* returned may not be reclaimed
 333 
 334   Klass* klass = link_info.resolved_klass();
 335   Symbol* name = link_info.name();
 336   Symbol* signature = link_info.signature();
 337 
 338   // Ignore overpasses so statics can be found during resolution
 339   Method* result = klass->uncached_lookup_method(name, signature, Klass::skip_overpass);
 340 
 341   if (klass->is_array_klass()) {
 342     // Only consider klass and super klass for arrays
 343     return result;
 344   }
 345 
 346   InstanceKlass* ik = InstanceKlass::cast(klass);
 347 
 348   // JDK 8, JVMS 5.4.3.4: Interface method resolution should
 349   // ignore static and non-public methods of java.lang.Object,
 350   // like clone, finalize, registerNatives.
 351   if (in_imethod_resolve &&
 352       result != NULL &&
 353       ik->is_interface() &&
 354       (result->is_static() || !result->is_public()) &&
 355       result->method_holder() == SystemDictionary::Object_klass()) {
 356     result = NULL;
 357   }
 358 
 359   // Before considering default methods, check for an overpass in the
 360   // current class if a method has not been found.
 361   if (result == NULL) {
 362     result = ik->find_method(name, signature);
 363   }
 364 
 365   if (result == NULL) {
 366     Array<Method*>* default_methods = ik->default_methods();
 367     if (default_methods != NULL) {
 368       result = InstanceKlass::find_method(default_methods, name, signature);
 369     }
 370   }
 371 
 372   if (checkpolymorphism && result != NULL) {
 373     vmIntrinsics::ID iid = result->intrinsic_id();
 374     if (MethodHandles::is_signature_polymorphic(iid)) {
 375       // Do not link directly to these.  The VM must produce a synthetic one using lookup_polymorphic_method.
 376       return NULL;
 377     }
 378   }
 379   return result;
 380 }
 381 
 382 // returns first instance method
 383 // Looks up method in classes, then looks up local default methods
 384 methodHandle LinkResolver::lookup_instance_method_in_klasses(Klass* klass,
 385                                                              Symbol* name,
 386                                                              Symbol* signature,
 387                                                              Klass::PrivateLookupMode private_mode, TRAPS) {
 388   Method* result = klass->uncached_lookup_method(name, signature, Klass::find_overpass, private_mode);
 389 
 390   while (result != NULL && result->is_static() && result->method_holder()->super() != NULL) {
 391     Klass* super_klass = result->method_holder()->super();
 392     result = super_klass->uncached_lookup_method(name, signature, Klass::find_overpass, private_mode);
 393   }
 394 
 395   if (klass->is_array_klass()) {
 396     // Only consider klass and super klass for arrays
 397     return methodHandle(THREAD, result);
 398   }
 399 
 400   if (result == NULL) {
 401     Array<Method*>* default_methods = InstanceKlass::cast(klass)->default_methods();
 402     if (default_methods != NULL) {
 403       result = InstanceKlass::find_method(default_methods, name, signature);
 404       assert(result == NULL || !result->is_static(), "static defaults not allowed");
 405     }
 406   }
 407   return methodHandle(THREAD, result);
 408 }
 409 
 410 int LinkResolver::vtable_index_of_interface_method(Klass* klass,
 411                                                    const methodHandle& resolved_method) {
 412 
 413   int vtable_index = Method::invalid_vtable_index;
 414   Symbol* name = resolved_method->name();
 415   Symbol* signature = resolved_method->signature();
 416   InstanceKlass* ik = InstanceKlass::cast(klass);
 417 
 418   // First check in default method array
 419   if (!resolved_method->is_abstract() && ik->default_methods() != NULL) {
 420     int index = InstanceKlass::find_method_index(ik->default_methods(),
 421                                                  name, signature, Klass::find_overpass,
 422                                                  Klass::find_static, Klass::find_private);
 423     if (index >= 0 ) {
 424       vtable_index = ik->default_vtable_indices()->at(index);
 425     }
 426   }
 427   if (vtable_index == Method::invalid_vtable_index) {
 428     // get vtable_index for miranda methods
 429     klassVtable vt = ik->vtable();
 430     vtable_index = vt.index_of_miranda(name, signature);
 431   }
 432   return vtable_index;
 433 }
 434 
 435 Method* LinkResolver::lookup_method_in_interfaces(const LinkInfo& cp_info) {
 436   InstanceKlass *ik = InstanceKlass::cast(cp_info.resolved_klass());
 437 
 438   // Specify 'true' in order to skip default methods when searching the
 439   // interfaces.  Function lookup_method_in_klasses() already looked for
 440   // the method in the default methods table.
 441   return ik->lookup_method_in_all_interfaces(cp_info.name(), cp_info.signature(), Klass::skip_defaults);
 442 }
 443 
 444 methodHandle LinkResolver::lookup_polymorphic_method(
 445                                              const LinkInfo& link_info,
 446                                              Handle *appendix_result_or_null,
 447                                              TRAPS) {
 448   Klass* klass = link_info.resolved_klass();
 449   Symbol* name = link_info.name();
 450   Symbol* full_signature = link_info.signature();
 451 
 452   vmIntrinsics::ID iid = MethodHandles::signature_polymorphic_name_id(name);
 453   if (TraceMethodHandles) {
 454     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 455     tty->print_cr("lookup_polymorphic_method iid=%s %s.%s%s",
 456                   vmIntrinsics::name_at(iid), klass->external_name(),
 457                   name->as_C_string(), full_signature->as_C_string());
 458   }
 459   if ((klass == SystemDictionary::MethodHandle_klass() ||
 460        klass == SystemDictionary::VarHandle_klass()) &&
 461       iid != vmIntrinsics::_none) {
 462     if (MethodHandles::is_signature_polymorphic_intrinsic(iid)) {
 463       // Most of these do not need an up-call to Java to resolve, so can be done anywhere.
 464       // Do not erase last argument type (MemberName) if it is a static linkTo method.
 465       bool keep_last_arg = MethodHandles::is_signature_polymorphic_static(iid);
 466       TempNewSymbol basic_signature =
 467         MethodHandles::lookup_basic_type_signature(full_signature, keep_last_arg, CHECK_NULL);
 468       if (TraceMethodHandles) {
 469         ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 470         tty->print_cr("lookup_polymorphic_method %s %s => basic %s",
 471                       name->as_C_string(),
 472                       full_signature->as_C_string(),
 473                       basic_signature->as_C_string());
 474       }
 475       methodHandle result = SystemDictionary::find_method_handle_intrinsic(iid,
 476                                                               basic_signature,
 477                                                               CHECK_NULL);
 478       if (result.not_null()) {
 479         assert(result->is_method_handle_intrinsic(), "MH.invokeBasic or MH.linkTo* intrinsic");
 480         assert(result->intrinsic_id() != vmIntrinsics::_invokeGeneric, "wrong place to find this");
 481         assert(basic_signature == result->signature(), "predict the result signature");
 482         if (TraceMethodHandles) {
 483           ttyLocker ttyl;
 484           tty->print("lookup_polymorphic_method => intrinsic ");
 485           result->print_on(tty);
 486         }
 487       }
 488       return result;
 489     } else if (iid == vmIntrinsics::_invokeGeneric
 490                && THREAD->can_call_java()
 491                && appendix_result_or_null != NULL) {
 492       // This is a method with type-checking semantics.
 493       // We will ask Java code to spin an adapter method for it.
 494       if (!MethodHandles::enabled()) {
 495         // Make sure the Java part of the runtime has been booted up.
 496         Klass* natives = SystemDictionary::MethodHandleNatives_klass();
 497         if (natives == NULL || InstanceKlass::cast(natives)->is_not_initialized()) {
 498           SystemDictionary::resolve_or_fail(vmSymbols::java_lang_invoke_MethodHandleNatives(),
 499                                             Handle(),
 500                                             Handle(),
 501                                             true,
 502                                             CHECK_NULL);
 503         }
 504       }
 505 
 506       Handle appendix;
 507       Handle method_type;
 508       methodHandle result = SystemDictionary::find_method_handle_invoker(
 509                                                             klass,
 510                                                             name,
 511                                                             full_signature,
 512                                                             link_info.current_klass(),
 513                                                             &appendix,
 514                                                             CHECK_NULL);
 515       if (TraceMethodHandles) {
 516         ttyLocker ttyl;
 517         tty->print("lookup_polymorphic_method => (via Java) ");
 518         result->print_on(tty);
 519         tty->print("  lookup_polymorphic_method => appendix = ");
 520         if (appendix.is_null())  tty->print_cr("(none)");
 521         else                     appendix->print_on(tty);
 522       }
 523       if (result.not_null()) {
 524 #ifdef ASSERT
 525         ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 526 
 527         TempNewSymbol basic_signature =
 528           MethodHandles::lookup_basic_type_signature(full_signature, CHECK_NULL);
 529         int actual_size_of_params = result->size_of_parameters();
 530         int expected_size_of_params = ArgumentSizeComputer(basic_signature).size();
 531         // +1 for MethodHandle.this, +1 for trailing MethodType
 532         if (!MethodHandles::is_signature_polymorphic_static(iid))  expected_size_of_params += 1;
 533         if (appendix.not_null())                                   expected_size_of_params += 1;
 534         if (actual_size_of_params != expected_size_of_params) {
 535           tty->print_cr("*** basic_signature=%s", basic_signature->as_C_string());
 536           tty->print_cr("*** result for %s: ", vmIntrinsics::name_at(iid));
 537           result->print();
 538         }
 539         assert(actual_size_of_params == expected_size_of_params,
 540                "%d != %d", actual_size_of_params, expected_size_of_params);
 541 #endif //ASSERT
 542 
 543         assert(appendix_result_or_null != NULL, "");
 544         (*appendix_result_or_null) = appendix;
 545       }
 546       return result;
 547     }
 548   }
 549   return NULL;
 550 }
 551 
 552 void LinkResolver::check_method_accessability(Klass* ref_klass,
 553                                               Klass* resolved_klass,
 554                                               Klass* sel_klass,
 555                                               const methodHandle& sel_method,
 556                                               TRAPS) {
 557 
 558   AccessFlags flags = sel_method->access_flags();
 559 
 560   // Special case:  arrays always override "clone". JVMS 2.15.
 561   // If the resolved klass is an array class, and the declaring class
 562   // is java.lang.Object and the method is "clone", set the flags
 563   // to public.
 564   //
 565   // We'll check for the method name first, as that's most likely
 566   // to be false (so we'll short-circuit out of these tests).
 567   if (sel_method->name() == vmSymbols::clone_name() &&
 568       sel_klass == SystemDictionary::Object_klass() &&
 569       resolved_klass->is_array_klass()) {
 570     // We need to change "protected" to "public".
 571     assert(flags.is_protected(), "clone not protected?");
 572     jint new_flags = flags.as_int();
 573     new_flags = new_flags & (~JVM_ACC_PROTECTED);
 574     new_flags = new_flags | JVM_ACC_PUBLIC;
 575     flags.set_flags(new_flags);
 576   }
 577 //  assert(extra_arg_result_or_null != NULL, "must be able to return extra argument");
 578 
 579   bool can_access = Reflection::verify_member_access(ref_klass,
 580                                                      resolved_klass,
 581                                                      sel_klass,
 582                                                      flags,
 583                                                      true, false, CHECK);
 584   // Any existing exceptions that may have been thrown, for example LinkageErrors
 585   // from nest-host resolution, have been allowed to propagate.
 586   if (!can_access) {
 587     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 588     bool same_module = (sel_klass->module() == ref_klass->module());
 589     Exceptions::fthrow(
 590       THREAD_AND_LOCATION,
 591       vmSymbols::java_lang_IllegalAccessError(),
 592       "class %s tried to access %s%s%smethod '%s' (%s%s%s)",
 593       ref_klass->external_name(),
 594       sel_method->is_abstract()  ? "abstract "  : "",
 595       sel_method->is_protected() ? "protected " : "",
 596       sel_method->is_private()   ? "private "   : "",
 597       sel_method->external_name(),
 598       (same_module) ? ref_klass->joint_in_module_of_loader(sel_klass) : ref_klass->class_in_module_of_loader(),
 599       (same_module) ? "" : "; ",
 600       (same_module) ? "" : sel_klass->class_in_module_of_loader()
 601     );
 602     return;
 603   }
 604 }
 605 
 606 methodHandle LinkResolver::resolve_method_statically(Bytecodes::Code code,
 607                                                      const constantPoolHandle& pool, int index, TRAPS) {
 608   // This method is used only
 609   // (1) in C2 from InlineTree::ok_to_inline (via ciMethod::check_call),
 610   // and
 611   // (2) in Bytecode_invoke::static_target
 612   // It appears to fail when applied to an invokeinterface call site.
 613   // FIXME: Remove this method and ciMethod::check_call; refactor to use the other LinkResolver entry points.
 614   // resolve klass
 615   if (code == Bytecodes::_invokedynamic) {
 616     Klass* resolved_klass = SystemDictionary::MethodHandle_klass();
 617     Symbol* method_name = vmSymbols::invoke_name();
 618     Symbol* method_signature = pool->signature_ref_at(index);
 619     Klass*  current_klass = pool->pool_holder();
 620     LinkInfo link_info(resolved_klass, method_name, method_signature, current_klass);
 621     return resolve_method(link_info, code, THREAD);
 622   }
 623 
 624   LinkInfo link_info(pool, index, methodHandle(), CHECK_NULL);
 625   Klass* resolved_klass = link_info.resolved_klass();
 626 
 627   if (pool->has_preresolution()
 628       || (resolved_klass == SystemDictionary::MethodHandle_klass() &&
 629           MethodHandles::is_signature_polymorphic_name(resolved_klass, link_info.name()))) {
 630     Method* result = ConstantPool::method_at_if_loaded(pool, index);
 631     if (result != NULL) {
 632       return methodHandle(THREAD, result);
 633     }
 634   }
 635 
 636   if (code == Bytecodes::_invokeinterface) {
 637     return resolve_interface_method(link_info, code, THREAD);
 638   } else if (code == Bytecodes::_invokevirtual) {
 639     return resolve_method(link_info, code, THREAD);
 640   } else if (!resolved_klass->is_interface()) {
 641     return resolve_method(link_info, code, THREAD);
 642   } else {
 643     return resolve_interface_method(link_info, code, THREAD);
 644   }
 645 }
 646 
 647 // Check and print a loader constraint violation message for method or interface method
 648 void LinkResolver::check_method_loader_constraints(const LinkInfo& link_info,
 649                                                    const methodHandle& resolved_method,
 650                                                    const char* method_type, TRAPS) {
 651   Handle current_loader(THREAD, link_info.current_klass()->class_loader());
 652   Handle resolved_loader(THREAD, resolved_method->method_holder()->class_loader());
 653 
 654   ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 655   Symbol* failed_type_symbol =
 656     SystemDictionary::check_signature_loaders(link_info.signature(), current_loader,
 657                                               resolved_loader, true, CHECK);
 658   if (failed_type_symbol != NULL) {
 659     Klass* current_class = link_info.current_klass();
 660     ClassLoaderData* current_loader_data = current_class->class_loader_data();
 661     assert(current_loader_data != NULL, "current class has no class loader data");
 662     Klass* resolved_method_class = resolved_method->method_holder();
 663     ClassLoaderData* target_loader_data = resolved_method_class->class_loader_data();
 664     assert(target_loader_data != NULL, "resolved method's class has no class loader data");
 665 
 666     stringStream ss;
 667     ss.print("loader constraint violation: when resolving %s '", method_type);
 668     Method::print_external_name(&ss, link_info.resolved_klass(), link_info.name(), link_info.signature());
 669     ss.print("' the class loader %s of the current class, %s,"
 670              " and the class loader %s for the method's defining class, %s, have"
 671              " different Class objects for the type %s used in the signature (%s; %s)",
 672              current_loader_data->loader_name_and_id(),
 673              current_class->name()->as_C_string(),
 674              target_loader_data->loader_name_and_id(),
 675              resolved_method_class->name()->as_C_string(),
 676              failed_type_symbol->as_C_string(),
 677              current_class->class_in_module_of_loader(false, true),
 678              resolved_method_class->class_in_module_of_loader(false, true));
 679     THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_LinkageError(), ss.as_string());
 680   }
 681 }
 682 
 683 void LinkResolver::check_field_loader_constraints(Symbol* field, Symbol* sig,
 684                                                   Klass* current_klass,
 685                                                   Klass* sel_klass, TRAPS) {
 686   Handle ref_loader(THREAD, current_klass->class_loader());
 687   Handle sel_loader(THREAD, sel_klass->class_loader());
 688 
 689   ResourceMark rm(THREAD);  // needed for check_signature_loaders
 690   Symbol* failed_type_symbol =
 691     SystemDictionary::check_signature_loaders(sig,
 692                                               ref_loader, sel_loader,
 693                                               false,
 694                                               CHECK);
 695   if (failed_type_symbol != NULL) {
 696     stringStream ss;
 697     const char* failed_type_name = failed_type_symbol->as_klass_external_name();
 698 
 699     ss.print("loader constraint violation: when resolving field \"%s\" of type %s, "
 700              "the class loader %s of the current class, %s, "
 701              "and the class loader %s for the field's defining %s, %s, "
 702              "have different Class objects for type %s (%s; %s)",
 703              field->as_C_string(),
 704              failed_type_name,
 705              current_klass->class_loader_data()->loader_name_and_id(),
 706              current_klass->external_name(),
 707              sel_klass->class_loader_data()->loader_name_and_id(),
 708              sel_klass->external_kind(),
 709              sel_klass->external_name(),
 710              failed_type_name,
 711              current_klass->class_in_module_of_loader(false, true),
 712              sel_klass->class_in_module_of_loader(false, true));
 713     THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_LinkageError(), ss.as_string());
 714   }
 715 }
 716 
 717 methodHandle LinkResolver::resolve_method(const LinkInfo& link_info,
 718                                           Bytecodes::Code code, TRAPS) {
 719 
 720   Handle nested_exception;
 721   Klass* resolved_klass = link_info.resolved_klass();
 722 
 723   // 1. For invokevirtual, cannot call an interface method
 724   if (code == Bytecodes::_invokevirtual && resolved_klass->is_interface()) {
 725     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 726     char buf[200];
 727     jio_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "Found interface %s, but class was expected",
 728         resolved_klass->external_name());
 729     THROW_MSG_NULL(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(), buf);
 730   }
 731 
 732   // 2. check constant pool tag for called method - must be JVM_CONSTANT_Methodref
 733   if (!link_info.tag().is_invalid() && !link_info.tag().is_method()) {
 734     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 735     stringStream ss;
 736     ss.print("Method '");
 737     Method::print_external_name(&ss, link_info.resolved_klass(), link_info.name(), link_info.signature());
 738     ss.print("' must be Methodref constant");
 739     THROW_MSG_NULL(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(), ss.as_string());
 740   }
 741 
 742   // 3. lookup method in resolved klass and its super klasses
 743   methodHandle resolved_method(THREAD, lookup_method_in_klasses(link_info, true, false));
 744 
 745   // 4. lookup method in all the interfaces implemented by the resolved klass
 746   if (resolved_method.is_null() && !resolved_klass->is_array_klass()) { // not found in the class hierarchy
 747     resolved_method = methodHandle(THREAD, lookup_method_in_interfaces(link_info));
 748 
 749     if (resolved_method.is_null()) {
 750       // JSR 292:  see if this is an implicitly generated method MethodHandle.linkToVirtual(*...), etc
 751       resolved_method = lookup_polymorphic_method(link_info, (Handle*)NULL, THREAD);
 752       if (HAS_PENDING_EXCEPTION) {
 753         nested_exception = Handle(THREAD, PENDING_EXCEPTION);
 754         CLEAR_PENDING_EXCEPTION;
 755       }
 756     }
 757   }
 758 
 759   // 5. method lookup failed
 760   if (resolved_method.is_null()) {
 761     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 762     stringStream ss;
 763     ss.print("'");
 764     Method::print_external_name(&ss, resolved_klass, link_info.name(), link_info.signature());
 765     ss.print("'");
 766     THROW_MSG_CAUSE_(vmSymbols::java_lang_NoSuchMethodError(),
 767                      ss.as_string(), nested_exception, NULL);
 768   }
 769 
 770   // 6. access checks, access checking may be turned off when calling from within the VM.
 771   Klass* current_klass = link_info.current_klass();
 772   if (link_info.check_access()) {
 773     assert(current_klass != NULL , "current_klass should not be null");
 774 
 775     // check if method can be accessed by the referring class
 776     check_method_accessability(current_klass,
 777                                resolved_klass,
 778                                resolved_method->method_holder(),
 779                                resolved_method,
 780                                CHECK_NULL);
 781 
 782     // check loader constraints
 783     check_method_loader_constraints(link_info, resolved_method, "method", CHECK_NULL);
 784   }
 785 
 786   return resolved_method;
 787 }
 788 
 789 static void trace_method_resolution(const char* prefix,
 790                                     Klass* klass,
 791                                     Klass* resolved_klass,
 792                                     const methodHandle& method,
 793                                     bool logitables,
 794                                     int index = -1) {
 795 #ifndef PRODUCT
 796   ResourceMark rm;
 797   Log(itables) logi;
 798   LogStream lsi(logi.trace());
 799   Log(vtables) logv;
 800   LogStream lsv(logv.trace());
 801   outputStream* st;
 802   if (logitables) {
 803     st = &lsi;
 804   } else {
 805     st = &lsv;
 806   }
 807   st->print("%s%s, compile-time-class:%s, method:%s, method_holder:%s, access_flags: ",
 808             prefix,
 809             (klass == NULL ? "<NULL>" : klass->internal_name()),
 810             (resolved_klass == NULL ? "<NULL>" : resolved_klass->internal_name()),
 811             Method::name_and_sig_as_C_string(resolved_klass,
 812                                              method->name(),
 813                                              method->signature()),
 814             method->method_holder()->internal_name());
 815   method->print_linkage_flags(st);
 816   if (index != -1) {
 817     st->print("vtable_index:%d", index);
 818   }
 819   st->cr();
 820 #endif // PRODUCT
 821 }
 822 
 823 // Do linktime resolution of a method in the interface within the context of the specied bytecode.
 824 methodHandle LinkResolver::resolve_interface_method(const LinkInfo& link_info, Bytecodes::Code code, TRAPS) {
 825 
 826   Klass* resolved_klass = link_info.resolved_klass();
 827 
 828   // check if klass is interface
 829   if (!resolved_klass->is_interface()) {
 830     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 831     char buf[200];
 832     jio_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "Found class %s, but interface was expected", resolved_klass->external_name());
 833     THROW_MSG_NULL(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(), buf);
 834   }
 835 
 836   // check constant pool tag for called method - must be JVM_CONSTANT_InterfaceMethodref
 837   if (!link_info.tag().is_invalid() && !link_info.tag().is_interface_method()) {
 838     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 839     stringStream ss;
 840     ss.print("Method '");
 841     Method::print_external_name(&ss, link_info.resolved_klass(), link_info.name(), link_info.signature());
 842     ss.print("' must be InterfaceMethodref constant");
 843     THROW_MSG_NULL(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(), ss.as_string());
 844   }
 845 
 846   // lookup method in this interface or its super, java.lang.Object
 847   // JDK8: also look for static methods
 848   methodHandle resolved_method(THREAD, lookup_method_in_klasses(link_info, false, true));
 849 
 850   if (resolved_method.is_null() && !resolved_klass->is_array_klass()) {
 851     // lookup method in all the super-interfaces
 852     resolved_method = methodHandle(THREAD, lookup_method_in_interfaces(link_info));
 853   }
 854 
 855   if (resolved_method.is_null()) {
 856     // no method found
 857     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 858     stringStream ss;
 859     ss.print("'");
 860     Method::print_external_name(&ss, resolved_klass, link_info.name(), link_info.signature());
 861     ss.print("'");
 862     THROW_MSG_NULL(vmSymbols::java_lang_NoSuchMethodError(), ss.as_string());
 863   }
 864 
 865   if (link_info.check_access()) {
 866     // JDK8 adds non-public interface methods, and accessability check requirement
 867     Klass* current_klass = link_info.current_klass();
 868 
 869     assert(current_klass != NULL , "current_klass should not be null");
 870 
 871     // check if method can be accessed by the referring class
 872     check_method_accessability(current_klass,
 873                                resolved_klass,
 874                                resolved_method->method_holder(),
 875                                resolved_method,
 876                                CHECK_NULL);
 877 
 878     check_method_loader_constraints(link_info, resolved_method, "interface method", CHECK_NULL);
 879   }
 880 
 881   if (code != Bytecodes::_invokestatic && resolved_method->is_static()) {
 882     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 883     stringStream ss;
 884     ss.print("Expected instance not static method '");
 885     Method::print_external_name(&ss, resolved_klass,
 886                                 resolved_method->name(), resolved_method->signature());
 887     ss.print("'");
 888     THROW_MSG_NULL(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(), ss.as_string());
 889   }
 890 
 891   if (log_develop_is_enabled(Trace, itables)) {
 892     char buf[200];
 893     jio_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s resolved interface method: caller-class:",
 894                  Bytecodes::name(code));
 895     trace_method_resolution(buf, link_info.current_klass(), resolved_klass,
 896                             resolved_method, true);
 897   }
 898 
 899   return resolved_method;
 900 }
 901 
 902 //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 903 // Field resolution
 904 
 905 void LinkResolver::check_field_accessability(Klass* ref_klass,
 906                                              Klass* resolved_klass,
 907                                              Klass* sel_klass,
 908                                              const fieldDescriptor& fd,
 909                                              TRAPS) {
 910   bool can_access = Reflection::verify_member_access(ref_klass,
 911                                                      resolved_klass,
 912                                                      sel_klass,
 913                                                      fd.access_flags(),
 914                                                      true, false, CHECK);
 915   // Any existing exceptions that may have been thrown, for example LinkageErrors
 916   // from nest-host resolution, have been allowed to propagate.
 917   if (!can_access) {
 918     bool same_module = (sel_klass->module() == ref_klass->module());
 919     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 920     Exceptions::fthrow(
 921       THREAD_AND_LOCATION,
 922       vmSymbols::java_lang_IllegalAccessError(),
 923       "class %s tried to access %s%sfield %s.%s (%s%s%s)",
 924       ref_klass->external_name(),
 925       fd.is_protected() ? "protected " : "",
 926       fd.is_private()   ? "private "   : "",
 927       sel_klass->external_name(),
 928       fd.name()->as_C_string(),
 929       (same_module) ? ref_klass->joint_in_module_of_loader(sel_klass) : ref_klass->class_in_module_of_loader(),
 930       (same_module) ? "" : "; ",
 931       (same_module) ? "" : sel_klass->class_in_module_of_loader()
 932     );
 933     return;
 934   }
 935 }
 936 
 937 void LinkResolver::resolve_field_access(fieldDescriptor& fd, const constantPoolHandle& pool, int index, const methodHandle& method, Bytecodes::Code byte, TRAPS) {
 938   LinkInfo link_info(pool, index, method, CHECK);
 939   resolve_field(fd, link_info, byte, true, CHECK);
 940 }
 941 
 942 void LinkResolver::resolve_field(fieldDescriptor& fd,
 943                                  const LinkInfo& link_info,
 944                                  Bytecodes::Code byte, bool initialize_class,
 945                                  TRAPS) {
 946   assert(byte == Bytecodes::_getstatic || byte == Bytecodes::_putstatic ||
 947          byte == Bytecodes::_getfield  || byte == Bytecodes::_putfield  ||
 948          byte == Bytecodes::_nofast_getfield  || byte == Bytecodes::_nofast_putfield  ||
 949          (byte == Bytecodes::_nop && !link_info.check_access()), "bad field access bytecode");
 950 
 951   bool is_static = (byte == Bytecodes::_getstatic || byte == Bytecodes::_putstatic);
 952   bool is_put    = (byte == Bytecodes::_putfield  || byte == Bytecodes::_putstatic || byte == Bytecodes::_nofast_putfield);
 953   // Check if there's a resolved klass containing the field
 954   Klass* resolved_klass = link_info.resolved_klass();
 955   Symbol* field = link_info.name();
 956   Symbol* sig = link_info.signature();
 957 
 958   if (resolved_klass == NULL) {
 959     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 960     THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_NoSuchFieldError(), field->as_C_string());
 961   }
 962 
 963   // Resolve instance field
 964   Klass* sel_klass = resolved_klass->find_field(field, sig, &fd);
 965   // check if field exists; i.e., if a klass containing the field def has been selected
 966   if (sel_klass == NULL) {
 967     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 968     THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_NoSuchFieldError(), field->as_C_string());
 969   }
 970 
 971   // Access checking may be turned off when calling from within the VM.
 972   Klass* current_klass = link_info.current_klass();
 973   if (link_info.check_access()) {
 974 
 975     // check access
 976     check_field_accessability(current_klass, resolved_klass, sel_klass, fd, CHECK);
 977 
 978     // check for errors
 979     if (is_static != fd.is_static()) {
 980       ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 981       char msg[200];
 982       jio_snprintf(msg, sizeof(msg), "Expected %s field %s.%s", is_static ? "static" : "non-static", resolved_klass->external_name(), fd.name()->as_C_string());
 983       THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(), msg);
 984     }
 985 
 986     // A final field can be modified only
 987     // (1) by methods declared in the class declaring the field and
 988     // (2) by the <clinit> method (in case of a static field)
 989     //     or by the <init> method (in case of an instance field).
 990     if (is_put && fd.access_flags().is_final()) {
 991       ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
 992       stringStream ss;
 993 
 994       if (sel_klass != current_klass) {
 995         ss.print("Update to %s final field %s.%s attempted from a different class (%s) than the field's declaring class",
 996                  is_static ? "static" : "non-static", resolved_klass->external_name(), fd.name()->as_C_string(),
 997                 current_klass->external_name());
 998         THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_IllegalAccessError(), ss.as_string());
 999       }
1000 
1001       if (fd.constants()->pool_holder()->major_version() >= 53) {
1002         methodHandle m = link_info.current_method();
1003         assert(!m.is_null(), "information about the current method must be available for 'put' bytecodes");
1004         bool is_initialized_static_final_update = (byte == Bytecodes::_putstatic &&
1005                                                    fd.is_static() &&
1006                                                    !m()->is_static_initializer());
1007         bool is_initialized_instance_final_update = ((byte == Bytecodes::_putfield || byte == Bytecodes::_nofast_putfield) &&
1008                                                      !fd.is_static() &&
1009                                                      !m->is_object_initializer());
1010 
1011         if (is_initialized_static_final_update || is_initialized_instance_final_update) {
1012           ss.print("Update to %s final field %s.%s attempted from a different method (%s) than the initializer method %s ",
1013                    is_static ? "static" : "non-static", resolved_klass->external_name(), fd.name()->as_C_string(),
1014                    m()->name()->as_C_string(),
1015                    is_static ? "<clinit>" : "<init>");
1016           THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_IllegalAccessError(), ss.as_string());
1017         }
1018       }
1019     }
1020 
1021     // initialize resolved_klass if necessary
1022     // note 1: the klass which declared the field must be initialized (i.e, sel_klass)
1023     //         according to the newest JVM spec (5.5, p.170) - was bug (gri 7/28/99)
1024     //
1025     // note 2: we don't want to force initialization if we are just checking
1026     //         if the field access is legal; e.g., during compilation
1027     if (is_static && initialize_class) {
1028       sel_klass->initialize(CHECK);
1029     }
1030   }
1031 
1032   if ((sel_klass != current_klass) && (current_klass != NULL)) {
1033     check_field_loader_constraints(field, sig, current_klass, sel_klass, CHECK);
1034   }
1035 
1036   // return information. note that the klass is set to the actual klass containing the
1037   // field, otherwise access of static fields in superclasses will not work.
1038 }
1039 
1040 
1041 //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1042 // Invoke resolution
1043 //
1044 // Naming conventions:
1045 //
1046 // resolved_method    the specified method (i.e., static receiver specified via constant pool index)
1047 // sel_method         the selected method  (selected via run-time lookup; e.g., based on dynamic receiver class)
1048 // resolved_klass     the specified klass  (i.e., specified via constant pool index)
1049 // recv_klass         the receiver klass
1050 
1051 
1052 void LinkResolver::resolve_static_call(CallInfo& result,
1053                                        const LinkInfo& link_info,
1054                                        bool initialize_class, TRAPS) {
1055   methodHandle resolved_method = linktime_resolve_static_method(link_info, CHECK);
1056 
1057   // The resolved class can change as a result of this resolution.
1058   Klass* resolved_klass = resolved_method->method_holder();
1059 
1060   // Initialize klass (this should only happen if everything is ok)
1061   if (initialize_class && resolved_klass->should_be_initialized()) {
1062     resolved_klass->initialize(CHECK);
1063     // Use updated LinkInfo to reresolve with resolved method holder
1064     LinkInfo new_info(resolved_klass, link_info.name(), link_info.signature(),
1065                       link_info.current_klass(),
1066                       link_info.check_access() ? LinkInfo::needs_access_check : LinkInfo::skip_access_check);
1067     resolved_method = linktime_resolve_static_method(new_info, CHECK);
1068   }
1069 
1070   // setup result
1071   result.set_static(resolved_klass, resolved_method, CHECK);
1072 }
1073 
1074 // throws linktime exceptions
1075 methodHandle LinkResolver::linktime_resolve_static_method(const LinkInfo& link_info, TRAPS) {
1076 
1077   Klass* resolved_klass = link_info.resolved_klass();
1078   methodHandle resolved_method;
1079   if (!resolved_klass->is_interface()) {
1080     resolved_method = resolve_method(link_info, Bytecodes::_invokestatic, CHECK_NULL);
1081   } else {
1082     resolved_method = resolve_interface_method(link_info, Bytecodes::_invokestatic, CHECK_NULL);
1083   }
1084   assert(resolved_method->name() != vmSymbols::class_initializer_name(), "should have been checked in verifier");
1085 
1086   // check if static
1087   if (!resolved_method->is_static()) {
1088     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
1089     stringStream ss;
1090     ss.print("Expected static method '");
1091     resolved_method()->print_external_name(&ss);
1092     ss.print("'");
1093     THROW_MSG_NULL(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(), ss.as_string());
1094   }
1095   return resolved_method;
1096 }
1097 
1098 
1099 void LinkResolver::resolve_special_call(CallInfo& result,
1100                                         Handle recv,
1101                                         const LinkInfo& link_info,
1102                                         TRAPS) {
1103   methodHandle resolved_method = linktime_resolve_special_method(link_info, CHECK);
1104   runtime_resolve_special_method(result, link_info, resolved_method, recv, CHECK);
1105 }
1106 
1107 // throws linktime exceptions
1108 methodHandle LinkResolver::linktime_resolve_special_method(const LinkInfo& link_info,
1109                                                            TRAPS) {
1110 
1111   // Invokespecial is called for multiple special reasons:
1112   // <init>
1113   // local private method invocation, for classes and interfaces
1114   // superclass.method, which can also resolve to a default method
1115   // and the selected method is recalculated relative to the direct superclass
1116   // superinterface.method, which explicitly does not check shadowing
1117   Klass* resolved_klass = link_info.resolved_klass();
1118   methodHandle resolved_method;
1119 
1120   if (!resolved_klass->is_interface()) {
1121     resolved_method = resolve_method(link_info, Bytecodes::_invokespecial, CHECK_NULL);
1122   } else {
1123     resolved_method = resolve_interface_method(link_info, Bytecodes::_invokespecial, CHECK_NULL);
1124   }
1125 
1126   // check if method name is <init>, that it is found in same klass as static type
1127   if (resolved_method->name() == vmSymbols::object_initializer_name() &&
1128       resolved_method->method_holder() != resolved_klass) {
1129     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
1130     stringStream ss;
1131     ss.print("%s: method '", resolved_klass->external_name());
1132     resolved_method->signature()->print_as_signature_external_return_type(&ss);
1133     ss.print(" %s(", resolved_method->name()->as_C_string());
1134     resolved_method->signature()->print_as_signature_external_parameters(&ss);
1135     ss.print(")' not found");
1136     Exceptions::fthrow(
1137       THREAD_AND_LOCATION,
1138       vmSymbols::java_lang_NoSuchMethodError(),
1139       "%s", ss.as_string());
1140     return NULL;
1141   }
1142 
1143   // ensure that invokespecial's interface method reference is in
1144   // a direct superinterface, not an indirect superinterface
1145   Klass* current_klass = link_info.current_klass();
1146   if (current_klass != NULL && resolved_klass->is_interface()) {
1147     InstanceKlass* ck = InstanceKlass::cast(current_klass);
1148     InstanceKlass *klass_to_check = !ck->is_unsafe_anonymous() ?
1149                                     ck :
1150                                     ck->unsafe_anonymous_host();
1151     // Disable verification for the dynamically-generated reflection bytecodes.
1152     bool is_reflect = klass_to_check->is_subclass_of(
1153                         SystemDictionary::reflect_MagicAccessorImpl_klass());
1154 
1155     if (!is_reflect &&
1156         !klass_to_check->is_same_or_direct_interface(resolved_klass)) {
1157       ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
1158       stringStream ss;
1159       ss.print("Interface method reference: '");
1160       resolved_method->print_external_name(&ss);
1161       ss.print("', is in an indirect superinterface of %s",
1162                current_klass->external_name());
1163       THROW_MSG_NULL(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(), ss.as_string());
1164     }
1165   }
1166 
1167   // check if not static
1168   if (resolved_method->is_static()) {
1169     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
1170     stringStream ss;
1171     ss.print("Expecting non-static method '");
1172     resolved_method->print_external_name(&ss);
1173     ss.print("'");
1174     THROW_MSG_NULL(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(), ss.as_string());
1175   }
1176 
1177   if (log_develop_is_enabled(Trace, itables)) {
1178     trace_method_resolution("invokespecial resolved method: caller-class:",
1179                             current_klass, resolved_klass, resolved_method, true);
1180   }
1181 
1182   return resolved_method;
1183 }
1184 
1185 // throws runtime exceptions
1186 void LinkResolver::runtime_resolve_special_method(CallInfo& result,
1187                                                   const LinkInfo& link_info,
1188                                                   const methodHandle& resolved_method,
1189                                                   Handle recv, TRAPS) {
1190 
1191   Klass* resolved_klass = link_info.resolved_klass();
1192 
1193   // resolved method is selected method unless we have an old-style lookup
1194   // for a superclass method
1195   // Invokespecial for a superinterface, resolved method is selected method,
1196   // no checks for shadowing
1197   methodHandle sel_method(THREAD, resolved_method());
1198 
1199   if (link_info.check_access() &&
1200       // check if the method is not <init>
1201       resolved_method->name() != vmSymbols::object_initializer_name()) {
1202 
1203     Klass* current_klass = link_info.current_klass();
1204 
1205     // Check if the class of the resolved_klass is a superclass
1206     // (not supertype in order to exclude interface classes) of the current class.
1207     // This check is not performed for super.invoke for interface methods
1208     // in super interfaces.
1209     if (current_klass->is_subclass_of(resolved_klass) &&
1210         current_klass != resolved_klass) {
1211       // Lookup super method
1212       Klass* super_klass = current_klass->super();
1213       sel_method = lookup_instance_method_in_klasses(super_klass,
1214                                                      resolved_method->name(),
1215                                                      resolved_method->signature(),
1216                                                      Klass::find_private, CHECK);
1217       // check if found
1218       if (sel_method.is_null()) {
1219         ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
1220         stringStream ss;
1221         ss.print("'");
1222         resolved_method->print_external_name(&ss);
1223         ss.print("'");
1224         THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_AbstractMethodError(), ss.as_string());
1225       // check loader constraints if found a different method
1226       } else if (sel_method() != resolved_method()) {
1227         check_method_loader_constraints(link_info, sel_method, "method", CHECK);
1228       }
1229     }
1230 
1231     // Check that the class of objectref (the receiver) is the current class or interface,
1232     // or a subtype of the current class or interface (the sender), otherwise invokespecial
1233     // throws IllegalAccessError.
1234     // The verifier checks that the sender is a subtype of the class in the I/MR operand.
1235     // The verifier also checks that the receiver is a subtype of the sender, if the sender is
1236     // a class.  If the sender is an interface, the check has to be performed at runtime.
1237     InstanceKlass* sender = InstanceKlass::cast(current_klass);
1238     sender = sender->is_unsafe_anonymous() ? sender->unsafe_anonymous_host() : sender;
1239     if (sender->is_interface() && recv.not_null()) {
1240       Klass* receiver_klass = recv->klass();
1241       if (!receiver_klass->is_subtype_of(sender)) {
1242         ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
1243         char buf[500];
1244         jio_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
1245                      "Receiver class %s must be the current class or a subtype of interface %s",
1246                      receiver_klass->external_name(),
1247                      sender->external_name());
1248         THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_IllegalAccessError(), buf);
1249       }
1250     }
1251   }
1252 
1253   // check if not static
1254   if (sel_method->is_static()) {
1255     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
1256     stringStream ss;
1257     ss.print("Expecting non-static method '");
1258     resolved_method->print_external_name(&ss);
1259     ss.print("'");
1260     THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(), ss.as_string());
1261   }
1262 
1263   // check if abstract
1264   if (sel_method->is_abstract()) {
1265     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
1266     stringStream ss;
1267     ss.print("'");
1268     Method::print_external_name(&ss, resolved_klass, sel_method->name(), sel_method->signature());
1269     ss.print("'");
1270     THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_AbstractMethodError(), ss.as_string());
1271   }
1272 
1273   if (log_develop_is_enabled(Trace, itables)) {
1274     trace_method_resolution("invokespecial selected method: resolved-class:",
1275                             resolved_klass, resolved_klass, sel_method, true);
1276   }
1277 
1278   // setup result
1279   result.set_static(resolved_klass, sel_method, CHECK);
1280 }
1281 
1282 void LinkResolver::resolve_virtual_call(CallInfo& result, Handle recv, Klass* receiver_klass,
1283                                         const LinkInfo& link_info,
1284                                         bool check_null_and_abstract, TRAPS) {
1285   methodHandle resolved_method = linktime_resolve_virtual_method(link_info, CHECK);
1286   runtime_resolve_virtual_method(result, resolved_method,
1287                                  link_info.resolved_klass(),
1288                                  recv, receiver_klass,
1289                                  check_null_and_abstract, CHECK);
1290 }
1291 
1292 // throws linktime exceptions
1293 methodHandle LinkResolver::linktime_resolve_virtual_method(const LinkInfo& link_info,
1294                                                            TRAPS) {
1295   // normal method resolution
1296   methodHandle resolved_method = resolve_method(link_info, Bytecodes::_invokevirtual, CHECK_NULL);
1297 
1298   assert(resolved_method->name() != vmSymbols::object_initializer_name(), "should have been checked in verifier");
1299   assert(resolved_method->name() != vmSymbols::class_initializer_name (), "should have been checked in verifier");
1300 
1301   // check if private interface method
1302   Klass* resolved_klass = link_info.resolved_klass();
1303   Klass* current_klass = link_info.current_klass();
1304 
1305   // This is impossible, if resolve_klass is an interface, we've thrown icce in resolve_method
1306   if (resolved_klass->is_interface() && resolved_method->is_private()) {
1307     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
1308     stringStream ss;
1309     ss.print("private interface method requires invokespecial, not invokevirtual: method '");
1310     resolved_method->print_external_name(&ss);
1311     ss.print("', caller-class: %s",
1312              (current_klass == NULL ? "<null>" : current_klass->internal_name()));
1313     THROW_MSG_NULL(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(), ss.as_string());
1314   }
1315 
1316   // check if not static
1317   if (resolved_method->is_static()) {
1318     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
1319     stringStream ss;
1320     ss.print("Expecting non-static method '");
1321     resolved_method->print_external_name(&ss);
1322     ss.print("'");
1323     THROW_MSG_NULL(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(), ss.as_string());
1324   }
1325 
1326   if (log_develop_is_enabled(Trace, vtables)) {
1327     trace_method_resolution("invokevirtual resolved method: caller-class:",
1328                             current_klass, resolved_klass, resolved_method, false);
1329   }
1330 
1331   return resolved_method;
1332 }
1333 
1334 // throws runtime exceptions
1335 void LinkResolver::runtime_resolve_virtual_method(CallInfo& result,
1336                                                   const methodHandle& resolved_method,
1337                                                   Klass* resolved_klass,
1338                                                   Handle recv,
1339                                                   Klass* recv_klass,
1340                                                   bool check_null_and_abstract,
1341                                                   TRAPS) {
1342 
1343   // setup default return values
1344   int vtable_index = Method::invalid_vtable_index;
1345   methodHandle selected_method;
1346 
1347   // runtime method resolution
1348   if (check_null_and_abstract && recv.is_null()) { // check if receiver exists
1349     THROW(vmSymbols::java_lang_NullPointerException());
1350   }
1351 
1352   // Virtual methods cannot be resolved before its klass has been linked, for otherwise the Method*'s
1353   // has not been rewritten, and the vtable initialized. Make sure to do this after the nullcheck, since
1354   // a missing receiver might result in a bogus lookup.
1355   assert(resolved_method->method_holder()->is_linked(), "must be linked");
1356 
1357   // do lookup based on receiver klass using the vtable index
1358   if (resolved_method->method_holder()->is_interface()) { // default or miranda method
1359     vtable_index = vtable_index_of_interface_method(resolved_klass, resolved_method);
1360     assert(vtable_index >= 0 , "we should have valid vtable index at this point");
1361 
1362     selected_method = methodHandle(THREAD, recv_klass->method_at_vtable(vtable_index));
1363   } else {
1364     // at this point we are sure that resolved_method is virtual and not
1365     // a default or miranda method; therefore, it must have a valid vtable index.
1366     assert(!resolved_method->has_itable_index(), "");
1367     vtable_index = resolved_method->vtable_index();
1368     // We could get a negative vtable_index of nonvirtual_vtable_index for private
1369     // methods, or for final methods. Private methods never appear in the vtable
1370     // and never override other methods. As an optimization, final methods are
1371     // never put in the vtable, unless they override an existing method.
1372     // So if we do get nonvirtual_vtable_index, it means the selected method is the
1373     // resolved method, and it can never be changed by an override.
1374     if (vtable_index == Method::nonvirtual_vtable_index) {
1375       assert(resolved_method->can_be_statically_bound(), "cannot override this method");
1376       selected_method = resolved_method;
1377     } else {
1378       selected_method = methodHandle(THREAD, recv_klass->method_at_vtable(vtable_index));
1379     }
1380   }
1381 
1382   // check if method exists
1383   if (selected_method.is_null()) {
1384     throw_abstract_method_error(resolved_method, recv_klass, CHECK);
1385   }
1386 
1387   // check if abstract
1388   if (check_null_and_abstract && selected_method->is_abstract()) {
1389     // Pass arguments for generating a verbose error message.
1390     throw_abstract_method_error(resolved_method, selected_method, recv_klass, CHECK);
1391   }
1392 
1393   if (log_develop_is_enabled(Trace, vtables)) {
1394     trace_method_resolution("invokevirtual selected method: receiver-class:",
1395                             recv_klass, resolved_klass, selected_method,
1396                             false, vtable_index);
1397   }
1398   // setup result
1399   result.set_virtual(resolved_klass, recv_klass, resolved_method, selected_method, vtable_index, CHECK);
1400 }
1401 
1402 void LinkResolver::resolve_interface_call(CallInfo& result, Handle recv, Klass* recv_klass,
1403                                           const LinkInfo& link_info,
1404                                           bool check_null_and_abstract, TRAPS) {
1405   // throws linktime exceptions
1406   methodHandle resolved_method = linktime_resolve_interface_method(link_info, CHECK);
1407   runtime_resolve_interface_method(result, resolved_method,link_info.resolved_klass(),
1408                                    recv, recv_klass, check_null_and_abstract, CHECK);
1409 }
1410 
1411 methodHandle LinkResolver::linktime_resolve_interface_method(const LinkInfo& link_info,
1412                                                              TRAPS) {
1413   // normal interface method resolution
1414   methodHandle resolved_method = resolve_interface_method(link_info, Bytecodes::_invokeinterface, CHECK_NULL);
1415   assert(resolved_method->name() != vmSymbols::object_initializer_name(), "should have been checked in verifier");
1416   assert(resolved_method->name() != vmSymbols::class_initializer_name (), "should have been checked in verifier");
1417 
1418   return resolved_method;
1419 }
1420 
1421 // throws runtime exceptions
1422 void LinkResolver::runtime_resolve_interface_method(CallInfo& result,
1423                                                     const methodHandle& resolved_method,
1424                                                     Klass* resolved_klass,
1425                                                     Handle recv,
1426                                                     Klass* recv_klass,
1427                                                     bool check_null_and_abstract, TRAPS) {
1428 
1429   // check if receiver exists
1430   if (check_null_and_abstract && recv.is_null()) {
1431     THROW(vmSymbols::java_lang_NullPointerException());
1432   }
1433 
1434   // check if receiver klass implements the resolved interface
1435   if (!recv_klass->is_subtype_of(resolved_klass)) {
1436     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
1437     char buf[200];
1438     jio_snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "Class %s does not implement the requested interface %s",
1439                  recv_klass->external_name(),
1440                  resolved_klass->external_name());
1441     THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_IncompatibleClassChangeError(), buf);
1442   }
1443 
1444   methodHandle selected_method = resolved_method;
1445 
1446   // resolve the method in the receiver class, unless it is private
1447   if (!resolved_method()->is_private()) {
1448     // do lookup based on receiver klass
1449     // This search must match the linktime preparation search for itable initialization
1450     // to correctly enforce loader constraints for interface method inheritance.
1451     // Private methods are skipped as the resolved method was not private.
1452     selected_method = lookup_instance_method_in_klasses(recv_klass,
1453                                                         resolved_method->name(),
1454                                                         resolved_method->signature(),
1455                                                         Klass::skip_private, CHECK);
1456 
1457     if (selected_method.is_null() && !check_null_and_abstract) {
1458       // In theory this is a harmless placeholder value, but
1459       // in practice leaving in null affects the nsk default method tests.
1460       // This needs further study.
1461       selected_method = resolved_method;
1462     }
1463     // check if method exists
1464     if (selected_method.is_null()) {
1465       // Pass arguments for generating a verbose error message.
1466       throw_abstract_method_error(resolved_method, recv_klass, CHECK);
1467     }
1468     // check access
1469     // Throw Illegal Access Error if selected_method is not public.
1470     if (!selected_method->is_public()) {
1471       ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
1472       stringStream ss;
1473       ss.print("'");
1474       Method::print_external_name(&ss, recv_klass, selected_method->name(), selected_method->signature());
1475       ss.print("'");
1476       THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_IllegalAccessError(), ss.as_string());
1477     }
1478     // check if abstract
1479     if (check_null_and_abstract && selected_method->is_abstract()) {
1480       throw_abstract_method_error(resolved_method, selected_method, recv_klass, CHECK);
1481     }
1482   }
1483 
1484   if (log_develop_is_enabled(Trace, itables)) {
1485     trace_method_resolution("invokeinterface selected method: receiver-class:",
1486                             recv_klass, resolved_klass, selected_method, true);
1487   }
1488   // setup result
1489   if (resolved_method->has_vtable_index()) {
1490     int vtable_index = resolved_method->vtable_index();
1491     log_develop_trace(itables)("  -- vtable index: %d", vtable_index);
1492     assert(vtable_index == selected_method->vtable_index(), "sanity check");
1493     result.set_virtual(resolved_klass, recv_klass, resolved_method, selected_method, vtable_index, CHECK);
1494   } else if (resolved_method->has_itable_index()) {
1495     int itable_index = resolved_method()->itable_index();
1496     log_develop_trace(itables)("  -- itable index: %d", itable_index);
1497     result.set_interface(resolved_klass, recv_klass, resolved_method, selected_method, itable_index, CHECK);
1498   } else {
1499     int index = resolved_method->vtable_index();
1500     log_develop_trace(itables)("  -- non itable/vtable index: %d", index);
1501     assert(index == Method::nonvirtual_vtable_index, "Oops hit another case!");
1502     assert(resolved_method()->is_private() ||
1503            (resolved_method()->is_final() && resolved_method->method_holder() == SystemDictionary::Object_klass()),
1504            "Should only have non-virtual invokeinterface for private or final-Object methods!");
1505     assert(resolved_method()->can_be_statically_bound(), "Should only have non-virtual invokeinterface for statically bound methods!");
1506     // This sets up the nonvirtual form of "virtual" call (as needed for final and private methods)
1507     result.set_virtual(resolved_klass, resolved_klass, resolved_method, resolved_method, index, CHECK);
1508   }
1509 }
1510 
1511 
1512 methodHandle LinkResolver::linktime_resolve_interface_method_or_null(
1513                                                  const LinkInfo& link_info) {
1514   EXCEPTION_MARK;
1515   methodHandle method_result = linktime_resolve_interface_method(link_info, THREAD);
1516   if (HAS_PENDING_EXCEPTION) {
1517     CLEAR_PENDING_EXCEPTION;
1518     return methodHandle();
1519   } else {
1520     return method_result;
1521   }
1522 }
1523 
1524 methodHandle LinkResolver::linktime_resolve_virtual_method_or_null(
1525                                                  const LinkInfo& link_info) {
1526   EXCEPTION_MARK;
1527   methodHandle method_result = linktime_resolve_virtual_method(link_info, THREAD);
1528   if (HAS_PENDING_EXCEPTION) {
1529     CLEAR_PENDING_EXCEPTION;
1530     return methodHandle();
1531   } else {
1532     return method_result;
1533   }
1534 }
1535 
1536 methodHandle LinkResolver::resolve_virtual_call_or_null(
1537                                                  Klass* receiver_klass,
1538                                                  const LinkInfo& link_info) {
1539   EXCEPTION_MARK;
1540   CallInfo info;
1541   resolve_virtual_call(info, Handle(), receiver_klass, link_info, false, THREAD);
1542   if (HAS_PENDING_EXCEPTION) {
1543     CLEAR_PENDING_EXCEPTION;
1544     return methodHandle();
1545   }
1546   return info.selected_method();
1547 }
1548 
1549 methodHandle LinkResolver::resolve_interface_call_or_null(
1550                                                  Klass* receiver_klass,
1551                                                  const LinkInfo& link_info) {
1552   EXCEPTION_MARK;
1553   CallInfo info;
1554   resolve_interface_call(info, Handle(), receiver_klass, link_info, false, THREAD);
1555   if (HAS_PENDING_EXCEPTION) {
1556     CLEAR_PENDING_EXCEPTION;
1557     return methodHandle();
1558   }
1559   return info.selected_method();
1560 }
1561 
1562 int LinkResolver::resolve_virtual_vtable_index(Klass* receiver_klass,
1563                                                const LinkInfo& link_info) {
1564   EXCEPTION_MARK;
1565   CallInfo info;
1566   resolve_virtual_call(info, Handle(), receiver_klass, link_info,
1567                        /*check_null_or_abstract*/false, THREAD);
1568   if (HAS_PENDING_EXCEPTION) {
1569     CLEAR_PENDING_EXCEPTION;
1570     return Method::invalid_vtable_index;
1571   }
1572   return info.vtable_index();
1573 }
1574 
1575 methodHandle LinkResolver::resolve_static_call_or_null(const LinkInfo& link_info) {
1576   EXCEPTION_MARK;
1577   CallInfo info;
1578   resolve_static_call(info, link_info, /*initialize_class*/false, THREAD);
1579   if (HAS_PENDING_EXCEPTION) {
1580     CLEAR_PENDING_EXCEPTION;
1581     return methodHandle();
1582   }
1583   return info.selected_method();
1584 }
1585 
1586 methodHandle LinkResolver::resolve_special_call_or_null(const LinkInfo& link_info) {
1587   EXCEPTION_MARK;
1588   CallInfo info;
1589   resolve_special_call(info, Handle(), link_info, THREAD);
1590   if (HAS_PENDING_EXCEPTION) {
1591     CLEAR_PENDING_EXCEPTION;
1592     return methodHandle();
1593   }
1594   return info.selected_method();
1595 }
1596 
1597 
1598 
1599 //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1600 // ConstantPool entries
1601 
1602 void LinkResolver::resolve_invoke(CallInfo& result, Handle recv, const constantPoolHandle& pool, int index, Bytecodes::Code byte, TRAPS) {
1603   switch (byte) {
1604     case Bytecodes::_invokestatic   : resolve_invokestatic   (result,       pool, index, CHECK); break;
1605     case Bytecodes::_invokespecial  : resolve_invokespecial  (result, recv, pool, index, CHECK); break;
1606     case Bytecodes::_invokevirtual  : resolve_invokevirtual  (result, recv, pool, index, CHECK); break;
1607     case Bytecodes::_invokehandle   : resolve_invokehandle   (result,       pool, index, CHECK); break;
1608     case Bytecodes::_invokedynamic  : resolve_invokedynamic  (result,       pool, index, CHECK); break;
1609     case Bytecodes::_invokeinterface: resolve_invokeinterface(result, recv, pool, index, CHECK); break;
1610     default                         :                                                            break;
1611   }
1612   return;
1613 }
1614 
1615 void LinkResolver::resolve_invoke(CallInfo& result, Handle& recv,
1616                              const methodHandle& attached_method,
1617                              Bytecodes::Code byte, TRAPS) {
1618   Klass* defc = attached_method->method_holder();
1619   Symbol* name = attached_method->name();
1620   Symbol* type = attached_method->signature();
1621   LinkInfo link_info(defc, name, type);
1622   switch(byte) {
1623     case Bytecodes::_invokevirtual:
1624       resolve_virtual_call(result, recv, recv->klass(), link_info,
1625                            /*check_null_and_abstract=*/true, CHECK);
1626       break;
1627     case Bytecodes::_invokeinterface:
1628       resolve_interface_call(result, recv, recv->klass(), link_info,
1629                              /*check_null_and_abstract=*/true, CHECK);
1630       break;
1631     case Bytecodes::_invokestatic:
1632       resolve_static_call(result, link_info, /*initialize_class=*/false, CHECK);
1633       break;
1634     case Bytecodes::_invokespecial:
1635       resolve_special_call(result, recv, link_info, CHECK);
1636       break;
1637     default:
1638       fatal("bad call: %s", Bytecodes::name(byte));
1639       break;
1640   }
1641 }
1642 
1643 void LinkResolver::resolve_invokestatic(CallInfo& result, const constantPoolHandle& pool, int index, TRAPS) {
1644   LinkInfo link_info(pool, index, CHECK);
1645   resolve_static_call(result, link_info, /*initialize_class*/true, CHECK);
1646 }
1647 
1648 
1649 void LinkResolver::resolve_invokespecial(CallInfo& result, Handle recv,
1650                                          const constantPoolHandle& pool, int index, TRAPS) {
1651   LinkInfo link_info(pool, index, CHECK);
1652   resolve_special_call(result, recv, link_info, CHECK);
1653 }
1654 
1655 
1656 void LinkResolver::resolve_invokevirtual(CallInfo& result, Handle recv,
1657                                           const constantPoolHandle& pool, int index,
1658                                           TRAPS) {
1659 
1660   LinkInfo link_info(pool, index, CHECK);
1661   Klass* recvrKlass = recv.is_null() ? (Klass*)NULL : recv->klass();
1662   resolve_virtual_call(result, recv, recvrKlass, link_info, /*check_null_or_abstract*/true, CHECK);
1663 }
1664 
1665 
1666 void LinkResolver::resolve_invokeinterface(CallInfo& result, Handle recv, const constantPoolHandle& pool, int index, TRAPS) {
1667   LinkInfo link_info(pool, index, CHECK);
1668   Klass* recvrKlass = recv.is_null() ? (Klass*)NULL : recv->klass();
1669   resolve_interface_call(result, recv, recvrKlass, link_info, true, CHECK);
1670 }
1671 
1672 
1673 void LinkResolver::resolve_invokehandle(CallInfo& result, const constantPoolHandle& pool, int index, TRAPS) {
1674   // This guy is reached from InterpreterRuntime::resolve_invokehandle.
1675   LinkInfo link_info(pool, index, CHECK);
1676   if (TraceMethodHandles) {
1677     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
1678     tty->print_cr("resolve_invokehandle %s %s", link_info.name()->as_C_string(),
1679                   link_info.signature()->as_C_string());
1680   }
1681   resolve_handle_call(result, link_info, CHECK);
1682 }
1683 
1684 void LinkResolver::resolve_handle_call(CallInfo& result,
1685                                        const LinkInfo& link_info,
1686                                        TRAPS) {
1687   // JSR 292:  this must be an implicitly generated method MethodHandle.invokeExact(*...) or similar
1688   Klass* resolved_klass = link_info.resolved_klass();
1689   assert(resolved_klass == SystemDictionary::MethodHandle_klass() ||
1690          resolved_klass == SystemDictionary::VarHandle_klass(), "");
1691   assert(MethodHandles::is_signature_polymorphic_name(link_info.name()), "");
1692   Handle       resolved_appendix;
1693   methodHandle resolved_method = lookup_polymorphic_method(link_info, &resolved_appendix, CHECK);
1694   result.set_handle(resolved_klass, resolved_method, resolved_appendix, CHECK);
1695 }
1696 
1697 void LinkResolver::resolve_invokedynamic(CallInfo& result, const constantPoolHandle& pool, int index, TRAPS) {
1698   Symbol* method_name       = pool->name_ref_at(index);
1699   Symbol* method_signature  = pool->signature_ref_at(index);
1700   Klass* current_klass = pool->pool_holder();
1701 
1702   // Resolve the bootstrap specifier (BSM + optional arguments).
1703   Handle bootstrap_specifier;
1704   // Check if CallSite has been bound already:
1705   ConstantPoolCacheEntry* cpce = pool->invokedynamic_cp_cache_entry_at(index);
1706   int pool_index = cpce->constant_pool_index();
1707 
1708   if (cpce->is_f1_null()) {
1709     if (cpce->indy_resolution_failed()) {
1710       ConstantPool::throw_resolution_error(pool,
1711                                            ResolutionErrorTable::encode_cpcache_index(index),
1712                                            CHECK);
1713     }
1714 
1715     // The initial step in Call Site Specifier Resolution is to resolve the symbolic
1716     // reference to a method handle which will be the bootstrap method for a dynamic
1717     // call site.  If resolution for the java.lang.invoke.MethodHandle for the bootstrap
1718     // method fails, then a MethodHandleInError is stored at the corresponding bootstrap
1719     // method's CP index for the CONSTANT_MethodHandle_info.  So, there is no need to
1720     // set the indy_rf flag since any subsequent invokedynamic instruction which shares
1721     // this bootstrap method will encounter the resolution of MethodHandleInError.
1722     oop bsm_info = pool->resolve_bootstrap_specifier_at(pool_index, THREAD);
1723     Exceptions::wrap_dynamic_exception(CHECK);
1724     assert(bsm_info != NULL, "");
1725     // FIXME: Cache this once per BootstrapMethods entry, not once per CONSTANT_InvokeDynamic.
1726     bootstrap_specifier = Handle(THREAD, bsm_info);
1727   }
1728   if (!cpce->is_f1_null()) {
1729     methodHandle method(     THREAD, cpce->f1_as_method());
1730     Handle       appendix(   THREAD, cpce->appendix_if_resolved(pool));
1731     result.set_handle(method, appendix, THREAD);
1732     Exceptions::wrap_dynamic_exception(CHECK);
1733     return;
1734   }
1735 
1736   if (TraceMethodHandles) {
1737     ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
1738     tty->print_cr("resolve_invokedynamic #%d %s %s in %s",
1739                   ConstantPool::decode_invokedynamic_index(index),
1740                   method_name->as_C_string(), method_signature->as_C_string(),
1741                   current_klass->name()->as_C_string());
1742     tty->print("  BSM info: "); bootstrap_specifier->print();
1743   }
1744 
1745   resolve_dynamic_call(result, pool_index, bootstrap_specifier, method_name,
1746                        method_signature, current_klass, THREAD);
1747   if (HAS_PENDING_EXCEPTION && PENDING_EXCEPTION->is_a(SystemDictionary::LinkageError_klass())) {
1748     int encoded_index = ResolutionErrorTable::encode_cpcache_index(index);
1749     bool recorded_res_status = cpce->save_and_throw_indy_exc(pool, pool_index,
1750                                                              encoded_index,
1751                                                              pool()->tag_at(pool_index),
1752                                                              CHECK);
1753     if (!recorded_res_status) {
1754       // Another thread got here just before we did.  So, either use the method
1755       // that it resolved or throw the LinkageError exception that it threw.
1756       if (!cpce->is_f1_null()) {
1757         methodHandle method(     THREAD, cpce->f1_as_method());
1758         Handle       appendix(   THREAD, cpce->appendix_if_resolved(pool));
1759         result.set_handle(method, appendix, THREAD);
1760         Exceptions::wrap_dynamic_exception(CHECK);
1761       } else {
1762         assert(cpce->indy_resolution_failed(), "Resolution failure flag not set");
1763         ConstantPool::throw_resolution_error(pool, encoded_index, CHECK);
1764       }
1765       return;
1766     }
1767     assert(cpce->indy_resolution_failed(), "Resolution failure flag wasn't set");
1768   }
1769 }
1770 
1771 void LinkResolver::resolve_dynamic_call(CallInfo& result,
1772                                         int pool_index,
1773                                         Handle bootstrap_specifier,
1774                                         Symbol* method_name, Symbol* method_signature,
1775                                         Klass* current_klass,
1776                                         TRAPS) {
1777   // JSR 292:  this must resolve to an implicitly generated method MH.linkToCallSite(*...)
1778   // The appendix argument is likely to be a freshly-created CallSite.
1779   Handle       resolved_appendix;
1780   methodHandle resolved_method =
1781     SystemDictionary::find_dynamic_call_site_invoker(current_klass,
1782                                                      pool_index,
1783                                                      bootstrap_specifier,
1784                                                      method_name, method_signature,
1785                                                      &resolved_appendix,
1786                                                      THREAD);
1787   Exceptions::wrap_dynamic_exception(CHECK);
1788   result.set_handle(resolved_method, resolved_appendix, THREAD);
1789   Exceptions::wrap_dynamic_exception(CHECK);
1790 }
1791 
1792 // Selected method is abstract.
1793 void LinkResolver::throw_abstract_method_error(const methodHandle& resolved_method,
1794                                                const methodHandle& selected_method,
1795                                                Klass *recv_klass, TRAPS) {
1796   Klass *resolved_klass = resolved_method->method_holder();
1797   ResourceMark rm(THREAD);
1798   stringStream ss;
1799 
1800   if (recv_klass != NULL) {
1801     ss.print("Receiver class %s does not define or inherit an "
1802              "implementation of the",
1803              recv_klass->external_name());
1804   } else {
1805     ss.print("Missing implementation of");
1806   }
1807 
1808   assert(resolved_method.not_null(), "Sanity");
1809   ss.print(" resolved method '%s%s",
1810            resolved_method->is_abstract() ? "abstract " : "",
1811            resolved_method->is_private()  ? "private "  : "");
1812   resolved_method->signature()->print_as_signature_external_return_type(&ss);
1813   ss.print(" %s(", resolved_method->name()->as_C_string());
1814   resolved_method->signature()->print_as_signature_external_parameters(&ss);
1815   ss.print(")' of %s %s.",
1816            resolved_klass->external_kind(),
1817            resolved_klass->external_name());
1818 
1819   if (selected_method.not_null() && !(resolved_method == selected_method)) {
1820     ss.print(" Selected method is '%s%s",
1821              selected_method->is_abstract() ? "abstract " : "",
1822              selected_method->is_private()  ? "private "  : "");
1823     selected_method->print_external_name(&ss);
1824     ss.print("'.");
1825   }
1826 
1827   THROW_MSG(vmSymbols::java_lang_AbstractMethodError(), ss.as_string());
1828 }