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*** 46,56 **** Rule Aus 1943 only - Oct 3 2:00 1:00 D # Go with Whitman and the Australian National Standards Commission, which # says W Australia didn't use DST in 1943/1944. Ignore Whitman's claim that # 1944/1945 was just like 1943/1944. ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] # Northern Territory Zone Australia/Darwin 8:43:20 - LMT 1895 Feb 9:00 - ACST 1899 May 9:30 Aus AC%sT # Western Australia --- 46,56 ---- Rule Aus 1943 only - Oct 3 2:00 1:00 D # Go with Whitman and the Australian National Standards Commission, which # says W Australia didn't use DST in 1943/1944. Ignore Whitman's claim that # 1944/1945 was just like 1943/1944. ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] # Northern Territory Zone Australia/Darwin 8:43:20 - LMT 1895 Feb 9:00 - ACST 1899 May 9:30 Aus AC%sT # Western Australia
*** 123,133 **** Rule AS 1995 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S Rule AS 2006 only - Apr 2 2:00s 0 S Rule AS 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S Rule AS 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S Rule AS 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Australia/Adelaide 9:14:20 - LMT 1895 Feb 9:00 - ACST 1899 May 9:30 Aus AC%sT 1971 9:30 AS AC%sT --- 123,133 ---- Rule AS 1995 2005 - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S Rule AS 2006 only - Apr 2 2:00s 0 S Rule AS 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S Rule AS 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S Rule AS 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Australia/Adelaide 9:14:20 - LMT 1895 Feb 9:00 - ACST 1899 May 9:30 Aus AC%sT 1971 9:30 AS AC%sT
*** 155,165 **** Rule AT 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D Rule AT 2001 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D Rule AT 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S Rule AT 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S Rule AT 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Australia/Hobart 9:49:16 - LMT 1895 Sep 10:00 - AEST 1916 Oct 1 2:00 10:00 1:00 AEDT 1917 Feb 10:00 Aus AE%sT 1967 10:00 AT AE%sT --- 155,165 ---- Rule AT 2000 only - Aug lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D Rule AT 2001 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D Rule AT 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S Rule AT 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S Rule AT 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Australia/Hobart 9:49:16 - LMT 1895 Sep 10:00 - AEST 1916 Oct 1 2:00 10:00 1:00 AEDT 1917 Feb 10:00 Aus AE%sT 1967 10:00 AT AE%sT
*** 183,193 **** Rule AV 2001 2007 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D Rule AV 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S Rule AV 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S Rule AV 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S Rule AV 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Australia/Melbourne 9:39:52 - LMT 1895 Feb 10:00 Aus AE%sT 1971 10:00 AV AE%sT # New South Wales --- 183,193 ---- Rule AV 2001 2007 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D Rule AV 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S Rule AV 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S Rule AV 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S Rule AV 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Australia/Melbourne 9:39:52 - LMT 1895 Feb 10:00 Aus AE%sT 1971 10:00 AV AE%sT # New South Wales
*** 206,216 **** Rule AN 2001 2007 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D Rule AN 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S Rule AN 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S Rule AN 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S Rule AN 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Australia/Sydney 10:04:52 - LMT 1895 Feb 10:00 Aus AE%sT 1971 10:00 AN AE%sT Zone Australia/Broken_Hill 9:25:48 - LMT 1895 Feb 10:00 - AEST 1896 Aug 23 --- 206,216 ---- Rule AN 2001 2007 - Oct lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D Rule AN 2006 only - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S Rule AN 2007 only - Mar lastSun 2:00s 0 S Rule AN 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S Rule AN 2008 max - Oct Sun>=1 2:00s 1:00 D ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Australia/Sydney 10:04:52 - LMT 1895 Feb 10:00 Aus AE%sT 1971 10:00 AN AE%sT Zone Australia/Broken_Hill 9:25:48 - LMT 1895 Feb 10:00 - AEST 1896 Aug 23
*** 277,294 **** 10:00 Aus AE%sT 1967 10:00 AT AE%sT 2010 Apr 4 3:00 11:00 - +11 # Christmas ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Indian/Christmas 7:02:52 - LMT 1895 Feb 7:00 - +07 # Cocos (Keeling) Is # These islands were ruled by the Ross family from about 1830 to 1978. # We don't know when standard time was introduced; for now, we guess 1900. ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Indian/Cocos 6:27:40 - LMT 1900 6:30 - +0630 # Fiji --- 277,294 ---- 10:00 Aus AE%sT 1967 10:00 AT AE%sT 2010 Apr 4 3:00 11:00 - +11 # Christmas ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Indian/Christmas 7:02:52 - LMT 1895 Feb 7:00 - +07 # Cocos (Keeling) Is # These islands were ruled by the Ross family from about 1830 to 1978. # We don't know when standard time was introduced; for now, we guess 1900. ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Indian/Cocos 6:27:40 - LMT 1900 6:30 - +0630 # Fiji
*** 407,475 **** Rule Fiji 2011 only - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 - Rule Fiji 2012 2013 - Jan Sun>=18 3:00 0 - Rule Fiji 2014 only - Jan Sun>=18 2:00 0 - Rule Fiji 2014 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 - Rule Fiji 2015 max - Jan Sun>=13 3:00 0 - ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Fiji 11:55:44 - LMT 1915 Oct 26 # Suva 12:00 Fiji +12/+13 # French Polynesia ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Gambier -8:59:48 - LMT 1912 Oct # Rikitea -9:00 - -09 Zone Pacific/Marquesas -9:18:00 - LMT 1912 Oct -9:30 - -0930 Zone Pacific/Tahiti -9:58:16 - LMT 1912 Oct # Papeete -10:00 - -10 # Clipperton (near North America) is administered from French Polynesia; # it is uninhabited. # Guam ! ! # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S ! # http://guamlegislature.com/Public_Laws_5th/PL05-025.pdf ! # http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-59-7-Guam-Daylight-Savings-Time-May-6-1959.pdf ! Rule Guam 1959 only - Jun 27 2:00 1:00 D ! # http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-61-5-Revocation-of-Daylight-Saving-Time-and-Restoratio.pdf ! Rule Guam 1961 only - Jan 29 2:00 0 S ! # http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-67-13-Guam-Daylight-Savings-Time.pdf ! Rule Guam 1967 only - Sep 1 2:00 1:00 D ! # http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-69-2-Repeal-of-Guam-Daylight-Saving-Time.pdf ! Rule Guam 1969 only - Jan 26 0:01 0 S ! # http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-69-10-Guam-Daylight-Saving-Time.pdf ! Rule Guam 1969 only - Jun 22 2:00 1:00 D ! Rule Guam 1969 only - Aug 31 2:00 0 S ! # http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-70-10-Guam-Daylight-Saving-Time.pdf ! # http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-70-30-End-of-Guam-Daylight-Saving-Time.pdf ! # http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-71-5-Guam-Daylight-Savings-Time.pdf ! Rule Guam 1970 1971 - Apr lastSun 2:00 1:00 D ! Rule Guam 1970 1971 - Sep Sun>=1 2:00 0 S ! # http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-73-28.-Guam-Day-light-Saving-Time.pdf ! Rule Guam 1973 only - Dec 16 2:00 1:00 D ! # http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-74-7-Guam-Daylight-Savings-Time-Rescinded.pdf ! Rule Guam 1974 only - Feb 24 2:00 0 S ! # http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-76-13-Daylight-Savings-Time.pdf ! Rule Guam 1976 only - May 26 2:00 1:00 D ! # http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-76-25-Revocation-of-E.O.-76-13.pdf ! Rule Guam 1976 only - Aug 22 2:01 0 S ! # http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-77-4-Daylight-Savings-Time.pdf ! Rule Guam 1977 only - Apr 24 2:00 1:00 D ! # http://documents.guam.gov/wp-content/uploads/E.O.-77-18-Guam-Standard-Time.pdf ! Rule Guam 1977 only - Aug 28 2:00 0 S ! ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Guam -14:21:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31 9:39:00 - LMT 1901 # Agana ! 10:00 - GST 1941 Dec 10 # Guam ! 9:00 - +09 1944 Jul 31 ! 10:00 Guam G%sT 2000 Dec 23 10:00 - ChST # Chamorro Standard Time Link Pacific/Guam Pacific/Saipan # N Mariana Is # Kiribati ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Tarawa 11:32:04 - LMT 1901 # Bairiki 12:00 - +12 Zone Pacific/Enderbury -11:24:20 - LMT 1901 -12:00 - -12 1979 Oct -11:00 - -11 1994 Dec 31 --- 407,441 ---- Rule Fiji 2011 only - Mar Sun>=1 3:00 0 - Rule Fiji 2012 2013 - Jan Sun>=18 3:00 0 - Rule Fiji 2014 only - Jan Sun>=18 2:00 0 - Rule Fiji 2014 max - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 - Rule Fiji 2015 max - Jan Sun>=13 3:00 0 - ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Fiji 11:55:44 - LMT 1915 Oct 26 # Suva 12:00 Fiji +12/+13 # French Polynesia ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Gambier -8:59:48 - LMT 1912 Oct # Rikitea -9:00 - -09 Zone Pacific/Marquesas -9:18:00 - LMT 1912 Oct -9:30 - -0930 Zone Pacific/Tahiti -9:58:16 - LMT 1912 Oct # Papeete -10:00 - -10 # Clipperton (near North America) is administered from French Polynesia; # it is uninhabited. # Guam ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Guam -14:21:00 - LMT 1844 Dec 31 9:39:00 - LMT 1901 # Agana ! 10:00 - GST 2000 Dec 23 # Guam 10:00 - ChST # Chamorro Standard Time Link Pacific/Guam Pacific/Saipan # N Mariana Is # Kiribati ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Tarawa 11:32:04 - LMT 1901 # Bairiki 12:00 - +12 Zone Pacific/Enderbury -11:24:20 - LMT 1901 -12:00 - -12 1979 Oct -11:00 - -11 1994 Dec 31
*** 481,551 **** # N Mariana Is # See Pacific/Guam. # Marshall Is ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] ! Zone Pacific/Majuro 11:24:48 - LMT 1901 ! 11:00 - +11 1914 Oct ! 9:00 - +09 1919 Feb 1 ! 11:00 - +11 1937 ! 10:00 - +10 1941 Apr 1 ! 9:00 - +09 1944 Jan 30 ! 11:00 - +11 1969 Oct ! 12:00 - +12 ! Zone Pacific/Kwajalein 11:09:20 - LMT 1901 ! 11:00 - +11 1937 ! 10:00 - +10 1941 Apr 1 ! 9:00 - +09 1944 Feb 6 ! 11:00 - +11 1969 Oct ! -12:00 - -12 1993 Aug 20 24:00 ! 12:00 - +12 # Micronesia ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] ! Zone Pacific/Chuuk -13:52:52 - LMT 1844 Dec 31 ! 10:07:08 - LMT 1901 ! 10:00 - +10 1914 Oct ! 9:00 - +09 1919 Feb 1 ! 10:00 - +10 1941 Apr 1 ! 9:00 - +09 1945 Aug ! 10:00 - +10 ! Zone Pacific/Pohnpei -13:27:08 - LMT 1844 Dec 31 # Kolonia ! 10:32:52 - LMT 1901 ! 11:00 - +11 1914 Oct ! 9:00 - +09 1919 Feb 1 ! 11:00 - +11 1937 ! 10:00 - +10 1941 Apr 1 ! 9:00 - +09 1945 Aug ! 11:00 - +11 ! Zone Pacific/Kosrae -13:08:04 - LMT 1844 Dec 31 ! 10:51:56 - LMT 1901 ! 11:00 - +11 1914 Oct ! 9:00 - +09 1919 Feb 1 ! 11:00 - +11 1937 ! 10:00 - +10 1941 Apr 1 ! 9:00 - +09 1945 Aug ! 11:00 - +11 1969 Oct ! 12:00 - +12 1999 ! 11:00 - +11 # Nauru ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Nauru 11:07:40 - LMT 1921 Jan 15 # Uaobe ! 11:30 - +1130 1942 Aug 29 ! 9:00 - +09 1945 Sep 8 ! 11:30 - +1130 1979 Feb 10 2:00 12:00 - +12 # New Caledonia # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S Rule NC 1977 1978 - Dec Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 - Rule NC 1978 1979 - Feb 27 0:00 0 - Rule NC 1996 only - Dec 1 2:00s 1:00 - # Shanks & Pottenger say the following was at 2:00; go with IATA. Rule NC 1997 only - Mar 2 2:00s 0 - ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Noumea 11:05:48 - LMT 1912 Jan 13 # Nouméa 11:00 NC +11/+12 ############################################################################### --- 447,492 ---- # N Mariana Is # See Pacific/Guam. # Marshall Is ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] ! Zone Pacific/Majuro 11:24:48 - LMT 1901 ! 11:00 - +11 1969 Oct ! 12:00 - +12 ! Zone Pacific/Kwajalein 11:09:20 - LMT 1901 ! 11:00 - +11 1969 Oct ! -12:00 - -12 1993 Aug 20 ! 12:00 - +12 # Micronesia ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] ! Zone Pacific/Chuuk 10:07:08 - LMT 1901 ! 10:00 - +10 ! Zone Pacific/Pohnpei 10:32:52 - LMT 1901 # Kolonia ! 11:00 - +11 ! Zone Pacific/Kosrae 10:51:56 - LMT 1901 ! 11:00 - +11 1969 Oct ! 12:00 - +12 1999 ! 11:00 - +11 # Nauru ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Nauru 11:07:40 - LMT 1921 Jan 15 # Uaobe ! 11:30 - +1130 1942 Mar 15 ! 9:00 - +09 1944 Aug 15 ! 11:30 - +1130 1979 May 12:00 - +12 # New Caledonia # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S Rule NC 1977 1978 - Dec Sun>=1 0:00 1:00 - Rule NC 1978 1979 - Feb 27 0:00 0 - Rule NC 1996 only - Dec 1 2:00s 1:00 - # Shanks & Pottenger say the following was at 2:00; go with IATA. Rule NC 1997 only - Mar 2 2:00s 0 - ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Noumea 11:05:48 - LMT 1912 Jan 13 # Nouméa 11:00 NC +11/+12 ###############################################################################
*** 580,590 **** Rule Chatham 1990 2007 - Mar Sun>=15 2:45s 0 - Rule NZ 2007 max - Sep lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D Rule Chatham 2007 max - Sep lastSun 2:45s 1:00 - Rule NZ 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S Rule Chatham 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:45s 0 - ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Auckland 11:39:04 - LMT 1868 Nov 2 11:30 NZ NZ%sT 1946 Jan 1 12:00 NZ NZ%sT Zone Pacific/Chatham 12:13:48 - LMT 1868 Nov 2 12:15 - +1215 1946 Jan 1 --- 521,531 ---- Rule Chatham 1990 2007 - Mar Sun>=15 2:45s 0 - Rule NZ 2007 max - Sep lastSun 2:00s 1:00 D Rule Chatham 2007 max - Sep lastSun 2:45s 1:00 - Rule NZ 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:00s 0 S Rule Chatham 2008 max - Apr Sun>=1 2:45s 0 - ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Auckland 11:39:04 - LMT 1868 Nov 2 11:30 NZ NZ%sT 1946 Jan 1 12:00 NZ NZ%sT Zone Pacific/Chatham 12:13:48 - LMT 1868 Nov 2 12:15 - +1215 1946 Jan 1
*** 606,647 **** # From Shanks & Pottenger: # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S Rule Cook 1978 only - Nov 12 0:00 0:30 - Rule Cook 1979 1991 - Mar Sun>=1 0:00 0 - Rule Cook 1979 1990 - Oct lastSun 0:00 0:30 - ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Rarotonga -10:39:04 - LMT 1901 # Avarua -10:30 - -1030 1978 Nov 12 -10:00 Cook -10/-0930 ############################################################################### # Niue ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Niue -11:19:40 - LMT 1901 # Alofi -11:20 - -1120 1951 -11:30 - -1130 1978 Oct 1 -11:00 - -11 # Norfolk ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Norfolk 11:11:52 - LMT 1901 # Kingston 11:12 - +1112 1951 11:30 - +1130 1974 Oct 27 02:00 11:30 1:00 +1230 1975 Mar 2 02:00 11:30 - +1130 2015 Oct 4 02:00 11:00 - +11 # Palau (Belau) ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] ! Zone Pacific/Palau -15:02:04 - LMT 1844 Dec 31 # Koror ! 8:57:56 - LMT 1901 ! 9:00 - +09 # Papua New Guinea ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Port_Moresby 9:48:40 - LMT 1880 9:48:32 - PMMT 1895 # Port Moresby Mean Time 10:00 - +10 # # From Paul Eggert (2014-10-13): --- 547,587 ---- # From Shanks & Pottenger: # Rule NAME FROM TO TYPE IN ON AT SAVE LETTER/S Rule Cook 1978 only - Nov 12 0:00 0:30 - Rule Cook 1979 1991 - Mar Sun>=1 0:00 0 - Rule Cook 1979 1990 - Oct lastSun 0:00 0:30 - ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Rarotonga -10:39:04 - LMT 1901 # Avarua -10:30 - -1030 1978 Nov 12 -10:00 Cook -10/-0930 ############################################################################### # Niue ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Niue -11:19:40 - LMT 1901 # Alofi -11:20 - -1120 1951 -11:30 - -1130 1978 Oct 1 -11:00 - -11 # Norfolk ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Norfolk 11:11:52 - LMT 1901 # Kingston 11:12 - +1112 1951 11:30 - +1130 1974 Oct 27 02:00 11:30 1:00 +1230 1975 Mar 2 02:00 11:30 - +1130 2015 Oct 4 02:00 11:00 - +11 # Palau (Belau) ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] ! Zone Pacific/Palau 8:57:56 - LMT 1901 # Koror ! 9:00 - +09 # Papua New Guinea ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Port_Moresby 9:48:40 - LMT 1880 9:48:32 - PMMT 1895 # Port Moresby Mean Time 10:00 - +10 # # From Paul Eggert (2014-10-13):
*** 667,677 **** 9:00 - +09 1945 Aug 21 10:00 - +10 2014 Dec 28 2:00 11:00 - +11 # Pitcairn ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Pitcairn -8:40:20 - LMT 1901 # Adamstown -8:30 - -0830 1998 Apr 27 0:00 -8:00 - -08 # American Samoa --- 607,617 ---- 9:00 - +09 1945 Aug 21 10:00 - +10 2014 Dec 28 2:00 11:00 - +11 # Pitcairn ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Pitcairn -8:40:20 - LMT 1901 # Adamstown -8:30 - -0830 1998 Apr 27 0:00 -8:00 - -08 # American Samoa
*** 752,771 **** Rule WS 2010 only - Sep lastSun 0:00 1 - Rule WS 2011 only - Apr Sat>=1 4:00 0 - Rule WS 2011 only - Sep lastSat 3:00 1 - Rule WS 2012 max - Apr Sun>=1 4:00 0 - Rule WS 2012 max - Sep lastSun 3:00 1 - ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Apia 12:33:04 - LMT 1892 Jul 5 -11:26:56 - LMT 1911 -11:30 - -1130 1950 -11:00 WS -11/-10 2011 Dec 29 24:00 13:00 WS +13/+14 # Solomon Is # excludes Bougainville, for which see Papua New Guinea ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Guadalcanal 10:39:48 - LMT 1912 Oct # Honiara 11:00 - +11 # Tokelau # --- 692,711 ---- Rule WS 2010 only - Sep lastSun 0:00 1 - Rule WS 2011 only - Apr Sat>=1 4:00 0 - Rule WS 2011 only - Sep lastSat 3:00 1 - Rule WS 2012 max - Apr Sun>=1 4:00 0 - Rule WS 2012 max - Sep lastSun 3:00 1 - ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Apia 12:33:04 - LMT 1892 Jul 5 -11:26:56 - LMT 1911 -11:30 - -1130 1950 -11:00 WS -11/-10 2011 Dec 29 24:00 13:00 WS +13/+14 # Solomon Is # excludes Bougainville, for which see Papua New Guinea ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Guadalcanal 10:39:48 - LMT 1912 Oct # Honiara 11:00 - +11 # Tokelau #
*** 784,794 **** # Representatives of New Zealand, Session 1948, # <https://books.google.com/books?id=ZaVCAQAAIAAJ>, page 65, says Tokelau # was "11 hours slow on G.M.T." Go with Thorsen and assume Shanks & Pottenger # are off by an hour starting in 1901. ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Fakaofo -11:24:56 - LMT 1901 -11:00 - -11 2011 Dec 30 13:00 - +13 # Tonga --- 724,734 ---- # Representatives of New Zealand, Session 1948, # <https://books.google.com/books?id=ZaVCAQAAIAAJ>, page 65, says Tokelau # was "11 hours slow on G.M.T." Go with Thorsen and assume Shanks & Pottenger # are off by an hour starting in 1901. ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Fakaofo -11:24:56 - LMT 1901 -11:00 - -11 2011 Dec 30 13:00 - +13 # Tonga
*** 797,814 **** Rule Tonga 2000 only - Mar 19 2:00s 0 - Rule Tonga 2000 2001 - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 - Rule Tonga 2001 2002 - Jan lastSun 2:00 0 - Rule Tonga 2016 only - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 - Rule Tonga 2017 only - Jan Sun>=15 3:00 0 - ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Tongatapu 12:19:20 - LMT 1901 12:20 - +1220 1941 13:00 - +13 1999 13:00 Tonga +13/+14 # Tuvalu ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Funafuti 11:56:52 - LMT 1901 12:00 - +12 # US minor outlying islands --- 737,754 ---- Rule Tonga 2000 only - Mar 19 2:00s 0 - Rule Tonga 2000 2001 - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 - Rule Tonga 2001 2002 - Jan lastSun 2:00 0 - Rule Tonga 2016 only - Nov Sun>=1 2:00 1:00 - Rule Tonga 2017 only - Jan Sun>=15 3:00 0 - ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Tongatapu 12:19:20 - LMT 1901 12:20 - +1220 1941 13:00 - +13 1999 13:00 Tonga +13/+14 # Tuvalu ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Funafuti 11:56:52 - LMT 1901 12:00 - +12 # US minor outlying islands
*** 865,875 **** # Palmyra # uninhabited since World War II; was probably like Pacific/Kiritimati # Wake ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Wake 11:06:28 - LMT 1901 12:00 - +12 # Vanuatu --- 805,815 ---- # Palmyra # uninhabited since World War II; was probably like Pacific/Kiritimati # Wake ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Wake 11:06:28 - LMT 1901 12:00 - +12 # Vanuatu
*** 878,893 **** Rule Vanuatu 1984 1991 - Mar Sun>=23 0:00 0 - Rule Vanuatu 1984 only - Oct 23 0:00 1:00 - Rule Vanuatu 1985 1991 - Sep Sun>=23 0:00 1:00 - Rule Vanuatu 1992 1993 - Jan Sun>=23 0:00 0 - Rule Vanuatu 1992 only - Oct Sun>=23 0:00 1:00 - ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Efate 11:13:16 - LMT 1912 Jan 13 # Vila 11:00 Vanuatu +11/+12 # Wallis and Futuna ! # Zone NAME STDOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901 12:00 - +12 ############################################################################### --- 818,833 ---- Rule Vanuatu 1984 1991 - Mar Sun>=23 0:00 0 - Rule Vanuatu 1984 only - Oct 23 0:00 1:00 - Rule Vanuatu 1985 1991 - Sep Sun>=23 0:00 1:00 - Rule Vanuatu 1992 1993 - Jan Sun>=23 0:00 0 - Rule Vanuatu 1992 only - Oct Sun>=23 0:00 1:00 - ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Efate 11:13:16 - LMT 1912 Jan 13 # Vila 11:00 Vanuatu +11/+12 # Wallis and Futuna ! # Zone NAME GMTOFF RULES FORMAT [UNTIL] Zone Pacific/Wallis 12:15:20 - LMT 1901 12:00 - +12 ###############################################################################
*** 896,906 **** # This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better, # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to # tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see # the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution. ! # From Paul Eggert (2018-11-18): # # Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is: # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition), # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003). # Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources. --- 836,846 ---- # This file is by no means authoritative; if you think you know better, # go ahead and edit the file (and please send any changes to # tz@iana.org for general use in the future). For more, please see # the file CONTRIBUTING in the tz distribution. ! # From Paul Eggert (2017-02-10): # # Unless otherwise specified, the source for data through 1990 is: # Thomas G. Shanks and Rique Pottenger, The International Atlas (6th edition), # San Diego: ACS Publications, Inc. (2003). # Unfortunately this book contains many errors and cites no sources.
*** 921,939 **** # https://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359 # # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997). # - # I invented the abbreviation marked "*". # The following abbreviations are from other sources. # Corrections are welcome! # std dst # LMT Local Mean Time # 8:00 AWST AWDT Western Australia # 9:30 ACST ACDT Central Australia # 10:00 AEST AEDT Eastern Australia ! # 10:00 GST GDT* Guam through 2000 # 10:00 ChST Chamorro # 11:30 NZMT NZST New Zealand through 1945 # 12:00 NZST NZDT New Zealand 1946-present # -11:00 SST Samoa # -10:00 HST Hawaii --- 861,878 ---- # https://www.jstor.org/stable/1774359 # # A reliable and entertaining source about time zones is # Derek Howse, Greenwich time and longitude, Philip Wilson Publishers (1997). # # The following abbreviations are from other sources. # Corrections are welcome! # std dst # LMT Local Mean Time # 8:00 AWST AWDT Western Australia # 9:30 ACST ACDT Central Australia # 10:00 AEST AEDT Eastern Australia ! # 10:00 GST Guam through 2000 # 10:00 ChST Chamorro # 11:30 NZMT NZST New Zealand through 1945 # 12:00 NZST NZDT New Zealand 1946-present # -11:00 SST Samoa # -10:00 HST Hawaii
*** 1269,1294 **** # (2006-12-09): # I personally doubt that either experimentation with daylight saving # in WA or its introduction in SA had anything to do with the genesis # of this time zone. My hunch is that it's been around since well # before 1975. I remember seeing it noted on road maps decades ago. - # - # From Gilmore Davidson (2019-04-08): - # https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-04-08/this-remote-stretch-of-desert-has-its-own-custom-time-zone/10981000 - # ... include[s] a rough description of the geographical boundaries... - # "The time zone exists for about 340 kilometres and takes in the tiny - # roadhouse communities of Cocklebiddy, Madura, Eucla and Border Village." - # ... and an indication that the zone has definitely been in existence - # since before the 1970 cut-off of the database ... - # From Paul Eggert (2019-05-17): - # That ABC Esperance story by Christien de Garis also says: - # Although the Central Western Time Zone is not officially recognised (your - # phones won't automatically change), there is a sign instructing you which - # way to wind your clocks 45 minutes and scrawled underneath one of them in - # Texta is the word: 'Why'? - # "Good question," Mr Pike said. - # "I don't even know that, and it's been going for over 50 years." # From Paul Eggert (2006-12-15): # For lack of better info, assume the tradition dates back to the # introduction of standard time in 1895. --- 1208,1217 ----
*** 1603,1648 **** # not observe New Zealand's prewar DST. ############################################################################### - # Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands and Marcus Island (Minami-Tori-shima) - - # From Wakaba (2019-01-28) via Phake Nick: - # National Diet Library of Japan has several reports by Japanese Government - # officers that describe the time used in islands when they visited there. - # According to them (and other sources such as newspapers), standard time UTC - # + 10 (JST + 1) and DST UTC + 11 (JST + 2) was used until its return to Japan - # at 1968-06-26 00:00 JST. The exact periods of DST are still unknown. - # I guessed Guam, Mariana, and Bonin and Marcus districts might have - # synchronized their DST periods, but reports imply they had their own - # decisions, i.e. there were three or more different time zones.... - # - # https://wiki.suikawiki.org/n/小笠原諸島の標準時 - - # From Phake Nick (2019-02-12): - # Because their last time change to return to Japanese time when they returned - # to Japanese rule was right before 1970, ... per the current tz database - # rule, the information doesn't warrant creation of a new timezone for Bonin - # Islands itself and is thus as an anecdotal note for interest purpose only. - # ... [The abovementioned link] described some special timekeeping phenomenon - # regarding Marcus island, another remote island currently owned by Japanese - # in the same administrative unit as Bonin Islands. Many reports claim that - # the American coastal guard on the American quarter of the island use its own - # coastal guard time, and most sources describe the time as UTC+11, being two - # hours faster than JST used by some Japanese personnel on the island. Some - # sites describe it as same as Wake Island/Guam time although it would be - # incorrect to be same as Guam. And then in a few Japanese governmental - # report from 1980s (from National Institute of Information and Communications - # Technology) regarding the construction of VLBI facility on the Marcus - # Island, it claimed that there are three time standards being used on the - # island at the time which include not just JST (UTC+9) or [US]CG time - # (UTC+11) but also a JMSDF time (UTC+10) (Japan Maritime Self-Defense - # Force). Unfortunately there are no other sources that mentioned such time - # and there are also no information on things like how the time was used. - - # Fiji # Howse writes (p 153) that in 1879 the British governor of Fiji # enacted an ordinance standardizing the islands on Antipodean Time # instead of the American system (which was one day behind). --- 1526,1535 ----
*** 1680,1753 **** # One source for this is page 202 of: Bartky IR. One Time Fits All: # The Campaigns for Global Uniformity (2007). # Kwajalein ! # From an AP article (1993-08-22): ! # "The nearly 3,000 Americans living on this remote Pacific atoll have a good ! # excuse for not remembering Saturday night: there wasn't one. Residents were ! # going to bed Friday night and waking up Sunday morning because at midnight ! # -- 8 A.M. Eastern daylight time on Saturday -- Kwajalein was jumping from ! # one side of the international date line to the other." ! # "In Marshall Islands, Friday is followed by Sunday", NY Times. 1993-08-22. ! # https://www.nytimes.com/1993/08/22/world/in-marshall-islands-friday-is-followed-by-sunday.html ! ! # From Phake Nick (2018-10-27): ! # <https://wiki.suikawiki.org/n/南洋群島の標準時> ... pointed out that ! # currently tzdata say Pacific/Kwajalein switched from GMT+11 to GMT-12 in ! # 1969 October without explanation, however an 1993 article from NYT say it ! # synchorized its day with US mainland about 40 years ago and thus the switch ! # should occur at around 1950s instead. ! # ! # From Paul Eggert (2018-11-18): ! # The NYT (actually, AP) article is vague and possibly wrong about this. ! # The article says the earlier switch was "40 years ago when the United States ! # Army established a missile test range here". However, the Kwajalein Test ! # Center was established on 1960-10-01 and was run by the US Navy. It was ! # transferred to the US Army on 1964-07-01. See "Seize the High Ground" ! # <https://history.army.mil/html/books/070/70-88-1/cmhPub_70-88-1.pdf>. ! # Given that Shanks was right on the money about the 1993 change, I'm inclined ! # to take Shanks's word for the 1969 change unless we find better evidence. # N Mariana Is, Guam - # From Phake Nick (2018-10-27): - # Guam Island was briefly annexed by Japan during ... year 1941-1944 ... - # however there are no detailed information about what time it use during that - # period. It would probably be reasonable to assume Guam use GMT+9 during - # that period of time like the surrounding area. - - # From Paul Eggert (2018-11-18): # Howse writes (p 153) "The Spaniards, on the other hand, reached the # Philippines and the Ladrones from America," and implies that the Ladrones # (now called the Marianas) kept American date for quite some time. # For now, we assume the Ladrones switched at the same time as the Philippines; # see Asia/Manila. ! # ! # Use 1941-12-10 and 1944-07-31 for Guam WWII transitions, as the rough start ! # and end of Japanese control of Agana. We don't know whether the Northern ! # Marianas followed Guam's DST rules from 1959 through 1977; for now, assume ! # they did as that avoids the need for a separate zone due to our 1970 cutoff. ! # # US Public Law 106-564 (2000-12-23) made UT +10 the official standard time, # under the name "Chamorro Standard Time". There is no official abbreviation, # but Congressman Robert A. Underwood, author of the bill that became law, # wrote in a press release (2000-12-27) that he will seek the use of "ChST". - # See also the commentary for Micronesia. ! ! # Marshall Is ! # See the commentary for Micronesia. ! ! ! # Micronesia (and nearby) ! ! # From Paul Eggert (2018-11-18): ! # Like the Ladrones (see Guam commentary), assume the Spanish East Indies ! # kept American time until the Philippines switched at the end of 1844. # Alan Eugene Davis writes (1996-03-16), # "I am certain, having lived there for the past decade, that 'Truk' # (now properly known as Chuuk) ... is in the time zone GMT+10." # --- 1567,1598 ---- # One source for this is page 202 of: Bartky IR. One Time Fits All: # The Campaigns for Global Uniformity (2007). # Kwajalein ! # In comp.risks 14.87 (26 August 1993), Peter Neumann writes: ! # I wonder what happened in Kwajalein, where there was NO Friday, ! # 1993-08-20. Thursday night at midnight Kwajalein switched sides with ! # respect to the International Date Line, to rejoin its fellow islands, ! # going from 11:59 p.m. Thursday to 12:00 m. Saturday in a blink. # N Mariana Is, Guam # Howse writes (p 153) "The Spaniards, on the other hand, reached the # Philippines and the Ladrones from America," and implies that the Ladrones # (now called the Marianas) kept American date for quite some time. # For now, we assume the Ladrones switched at the same time as the Philippines; # see Asia/Manila. ! # US Public Law 106-564 (2000-12-23) made UT +10 the official standard time, # under the name "Chamorro Standard Time". There is no official abbreviation, # but Congressman Robert A. Underwood, author of the bill that became law, # wrote in a press release (2000-12-27) that he will seek the use of "ChST". ! # Micronesia # Alan Eugene Davis writes (1996-03-16), # "I am certain, having lived there for the past decade, that 'Truk' # (now properly known as Chuuk) ... is in the time zone GMT+10." #
*** 1759,1857 **** # The Federated States of Micronesia - Visitor Information (1999-01-26) # http://www.fsmgov.org/info/clocks.html # that Truk and Yap are UT +10, and Ponape and Kosrae are +11. # We don't know when Kosrae switched from +12; assume January 1 for now. - # From Phake Nick (2018-10-27): - # - # From a Japanese wiki site https://wiki.suikawiki.org/n/南洋群島の標準時 - # ... - # For "Southern Islands" (modern region of Mariana + Palau + Federation of - # Micronesia + Marshall Islands): - # - # A 1906 Japanese magazine shown the Caroline Islands and Mariana Islands - # who was occupied by Germany at the time as GMT+10, together with the like - # of German New Guinea. However there is a marking saying it have not been - # implemented (yet). No further information after that were found. - # - # Japan invaded those islands in 1914, and records shows that they were - # instructed to use JST at the time. - # - # 1915 January telecommunication record on the Jaluit Atoll shows they use - # the meridian of 170E as standard time (GMT+11:20), which is similar to the - # longitude of the atoll. - # 1915 February record say the 170E standard time is to be used until - # February 9 noon, and after February 9 noon they are to use JST. - # However these are time used within the Japanese Military at the time and - # probably does not reflect the time used by local resident at the time (that - # is if they keep their own time back then) - # - # In January 1919 the occupying force issued a command that split the area - # into three different timezone with meridian of 135E, 150E, 165E (JST+0, +1, - # +2), and the command was to become effective from February 1 of the same - # year. Despite the target of the command is still only for the occupying - # force itself, further publication have described the time as the standard - # time for the occupied area and thus it can probably be seen as such. - # * Area that use meridian of 135E: Palau and Yap civil administration area - # (Southern Islands Western Standard Time) - # * Area that use meridian of 150E: Truk (Chuuk) and Saipan civil - # administration area (Southern Islands Central Standard Time) - # * Area that use meridian of 165E: Ponape (Pohnpei) and Jaluit civil - # administration area (Southern Islands Eastern Standard Time). - # * In the next few years Japanese occupation of those islands have been - # formalized via League of Nation Mandate (South Pacific Mandate) and formal - # governance structure have been established, these district [become - # subprefectures] and timezone classification have been inherited as standard - # time of the area. - # * Saipan subprefecture include Mariana islands (exclude Guam which was - # occupied by America at the time), Palau and Yap subprefecture rule the - # Western Caroline Islands with 137E longitude as border, Truk and Ponape - # subprefecture rule the Eastern Caroline Islands with 154E as border, Ponape - # subprefecture also rule part of Marshall Islands to the west of 164E - # starting from (1918?) and Jaluit subprefecture rule the rest of the - # Marshall Islands. - # - # And then in year 1937, an announcement was made to change the time in the - # area into 2 timezones: - # * Area that use meridian of 135E: area administered by Palau, Yap and - # Saipan subprefecture (Southern Islands Western Standard Time) - # * Area that use meridian of 150E: area administered by Truk (Chuuk), - # Ponape (Pohnpei) and Jaluit subprefecture (Southern Islands Eastern - # Standard Time) - # - # Another announcement issued in 1941 say that on April 1 that year, - # standard time of the Southern Islands would be changed to use the meridian - # of 135E (GMT+9), and thus abolishing timezone different within the area. - # - # Then Pacific theater of WWII started and Japan slowly lose control on the - # island. The webpage I linked above contain no information during this - # period of time.... - # - # After the end of WWII, in 1946 February, a document written by the - # (former?) Japanese military personnel describe there are 3 hours time - # different between Caroline islands time/Wake island time and the Chungking - # time, which would mean the time being used there at the time was GMT+10. - # - # After that, the area become Trust Territories of the Pacific Islands - # under American administration from year 1947. The site listed some - # American/International books/maps/publications about time used in those - # area during this period of time but they doesn't seems to be reliable - # information so it would be the best if someone know where can more reliable - # information can be found. - # - # - # From Paul Eggert (2018-11-18): - # - # For the above, use vague dates like "1914" and "1945" for transitions that - # plausibly exist but for which the details are not known. The information - # for Wake is too sketchy to act on. - # - # The 1906 GMT+10 info about German-controlled islands might not have been - # done, so omit it from the data for now. - # - # The Jaluit info governs Kwajalein. - # Midway # From Charles T O'Connor, KMTH DJ (1956), # quoted in the KTMH section of the Radio Heritage Collection --- 1604,1613 ----
*** 1865,1897 **** # From Paul Eggert (2003-03-23): # We don't know the date of that quote, but we'll guess they # started DST on June 3. Possibly DST was observed other years # in Midway, but we have no record of it. - # Nauru - - # From Phake Nick (2018-10-31): - # Currently, the tz database say Nauru use LMT until 1921, and then - # switched to GMT+11:30 for the next two decades. - # However, a number of timezone map published in America/Japan back then - # showed its timezone as GMT+11 per https://wiki.suikawiki.org/n/ナウルの標準時 - # And it would also be nice if the 1921 transition date could be sourced. - # ... - # The "Nauru Standard Time Act 1978 Time Change" - # http://ronlaw.gov.nr/nauru_lpms/files/gazettes/4b23a17d2030150404db7a5fa5872f52.pdf#page=3 - # based on "Nauru Standard Time Act 1978 Time Change" - # http://www.paclii.org/nr/legis/num_act/nsta1978207/ defined that "Nauru - # Alternative Time" (GMT+12) should be in effect from 1979 Feb. - # - # From Paul Eggert (2018-11-19): - # The 1921-01-15 introduction of standard time is in Shanks; it is also in - # "Standard Time Throughout the World", US National Bureau of Standards (1935), - # page 3, which does not give the UT offset. In response to a comment by - # Phake Nick I set the Nauru time of occupation by Japan to - # 1942-08-29/1945-09-08 by using dates from: - # https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_occupation_of_Nauru - # Norfolk # From Alexander Krivenyshev (2015-09-23): # Norfolk Island will change ... from +1130 to +1100: # https://www.comlaw.gov.au/Details/F2015L01483/Explanatory%20Statement/Text --- 1621,1630 ----
*** 1903,1915 **** # the Norfolk Island Museum and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology's # Norfolk Island station, and found no record of Norfolk observing DST # other than in 1974/5. See: # https://www.timeanddate.com/time/australia/norfolk-island.html - # Palau - # See commentary for Micronesia. - # Pitcairn # From Rives McDow (1999-11-08): # A Proclamation was signed by the Governor of Pitcairn on the 27th March 1998 # with regard to Pitcairn Standard Time. The Proclamation is as follows. --- 1636,1645 ----
*** 2070,2082 **** # https://www.trumanlibrary.org/oralhist/andrsonv.htm # From Paul Eggert (2003-03-23): # We have no other report of DST in Wake Island, so omit this info for now. - # See also the commentary for Micronesia. - - ############################################################################### # The International Date Line # From Gwillim Law (2000-01-03): --- 1800,1809 ----
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