1 /*
   2  * Copyright (c) 1997, 2022, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
   3  * DO NOT ALTER OR REMOVE COPYRIGHT NOTICES OR THIS FILE HEADER.
   4  *
   5  * This code is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
   6  * under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 only, as
   7  * published by the Free Software Foundation.
   8  *
   9  * This code is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
  10  * ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
  11  * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
  12  * version 2 for more details (a copy is included in the LICENSE file that
  13  * accompanied this code).
  14  *
  15  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version
  16  * 2 along with this work; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation,
  17  * Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
  18  *
  19  * Please contact Oracle, 500 Oracle Parkway, Redwood Shores, CA 94065 USA
  20  * or visit www.oracle.com if you need additional information or have any
  21  * questions.
  22  *
  23  */
  24 
  25 #ifndef SHARE_RUNTIME_GLOBALS_HPP
  26 #define SHARE_RUNTIME_GLOBALS_HPP
  27 
  28 #include "compiler/compiler_globals_pd.hpp"
  29 #include "runtime/globals_shared.hpp"
  30 #include "utilities/align.hpp"
  31 #include "utilities/globalDefinitions.hpp"
  32 #include "utilities/macros.hpp"
  33 #include CPU_HEADER(globals)
  34 #include OS_HEADER(globals)
  35 #include OS_CPU_HEADER(globals)
  36 
  37 // develop flags are settable / visible only during development and are constant in the PRODUCT version
  38 // product flags are always settable / visible
  39 // notproduct flags are settable / visible only during development and are not declared in the PRODUCT version
  40 // develop_pd/product_pd flags are the same as develop/product, except that their default values
  41 // are specified in platform-dependent header files.
  42 
  43 // Flags must be declared with the following number of parameters:
  44 // non-pd flags:
  45 //    (type, name, default_value, doc), or
  46 //    (type, name, default_value, extra_attrs, doc)
  47 // pd flags:
  48 //    (type, name, doc), or
  49 //    (type, name, extra_attrs, doc)
  50 
  51 // A flag must be declared with one of the following types:
  52 // bool, int, uint, intx, uintx, size_t, ccstr, ccstrlist, double, or uint64_t.
  53 // The type "ccstr" and "ccstrlist" are an alias for "const char*" and is used
  54 // only in this file, because the macrology requires single-token type names.
  55 
  56 // The optional extra_attrs parameter may have one of the following values:
  57 // DIAGNOSTIC, EXPERIMENTAL, or MANAGEABLE. Currently extra_attrs can be used
  58 // only with product/product_pd flags.
  59 //
  60 // DIAGNOSTIC options are not meant for VM tuning or for product modes.
  61 //    They are to be used for VM quality assurance or field diagnosis
  62 //    of VM bugs.  They are hidden so that users will not be encouraged to
  63 //    try them as if they were VM ordinary execution options.  However, they
  64 //    are available in the product version of the VM.  Under instruction
  65 //    from support engineers, VM customers can turn them on to collect
  66 //    diagnostic information about VM problems.  To use a VM diagnostic
  67 //    option, you must first specify +UnlockDiagnosticVMOptions.
  68 //    (This master switch also affects the behavior of -Xprintflags.)
  69 //
  70 // EXPERIMENTAL flags are in support of features that are not
  71 //    part of the officially supported product, but are available
  72 //    for experimenting with. They could, for example, be performance
  73 //    features that may not have undergone full or rigorous QA, but which may
  74 //    help performance in some cases and released for experimentation
  75 //    by the community of users and developers. This flag also allows one to
  76 //    be able to build a fully supported product that nonetheless also
  77 //    ships with some unsupported, lightly tested, experimental features.
  78 //    Like the UnlockDiagnosticVMOptions flag above, there is a corresponding
  79 //    UnlockExperimentalVMOptions flag, which allows the control and
  80 //    modification of the experimental flags.
  81 //
  82 // Nota bene: neither diagnostic nor experimental options should be used casually,
  83 //    and they are not supported on production loads, except under explicit
  84 //    direction from support engineers.
  85 //
  86 // MANAGEABLE flags are writeable external product flags.
  87 //    They are dynamically writeable through the JDK management interface
  88 //    (com.sun.management.HotSpotDiagnosticMXBean API) and also through JConsole.
  89 //    These flags are external exported interface (see CSR).  The list of
  90 //    manageable flags can be queried programmatically through the management
  91 //    interface.
  92 //
  93 //    A flag can be made as "manageable" only if
  94 //    - the flag is defined in a CSR request as an external exported interface.
  95 //    - the VM implementation supports dynamic setting of the flag.
  96 //      This implies that the VM must *always* query the flag variable
  97 //      and not reuse state related to the flag state at any given time.
  98 //    - you want the flag to be queried programmatically by the customers.
  99 //
 100 
 101 //
 102 // range is a macro that will expand to min and max arguments for range
 103 //    checking code if provided - see jvmFlagLimit.hpp
 104 //
 105 // constraint is a macro that will expand to custom function call
 106 //    for constraint checking if provided - see jvmFlagLimit.hpp
 107 
 108 // Default and minimum StringTable and SymbolTable size values
 109 // Must be powers of 2
 110 const size_t defaultStringTableSize = NOT_LP64(1024) LP64_ONLY(65536);
 111 const size_t minimumStringTableSize = 128;
 112 const size_t defaultSymbolTableSize = 32768; // 2^15
 113 const size_t minimumSymbolTableSize = 1024;
 114 
 115 #ifdef _LP64
 116 #define LP64_RUNTIME_FLAGS(develop,                                         \
 117                            develop_pd,                                      \
 118                            product,                                         \
 119                            product_pd,                                      \
 120                            notproduct,                                      \
 121                            range,                                           \
 122                            constraint)                                      \
 123                                                                             \
 124   product(bool, UseCompressedOops, false,                                   \
 125           "Use 32-bit object references in 64-bit VM. "                     \
 126           "lp64_product means flag is always constant in 32 bit VM")        \
 127                                                                             \
 128   product(bool, UseCompressedClassPointers, false,                          \
 129           "Use 32-bit class pointers in 64-bit VM. "                        \
 130           "lp64_product means flag is always constant in 32 bit VM")        \
 131                                                                             \
 132   product(intx, ObjectAlignmentInBytes, 8,                                  \
 133           "Default object alignment in bytes, 8 is minimum")                \
 134           range(8, 256)                                                     \
 135           constraint(ObjectAlignmentInBytesConstraintFunc, AtParse)
 136 
 137 #else
 138 // !_LP64
 139 
 140 #define LP64_RUNTIME_FLAGS(develop,                                         \
 141                            develop_pd,                                      \
 142                            product,                                         \
 143                            product_pd,                                      \
 144                            notproduct,                                      \
 145                            range,                                           \
 146                            constraint)
 147 const bool UseCompressedOops = false;
 148 const bool UseCompressedClassPointers = false;
 149 const intx ObjectAlignmentInBytes = 8;
 150 
 151 #endif // _LP64
 152 
 153 #define RUNTIME_FLAGS(develop,                                              \
 154                       develop_pd,                                           \
 155                       product,                                              \
 156                       product_pd,                                           \
 157                       notproduct,                                           \
 158                       range,                                                \
 159                       constraint)                                           \
 160                                                                             \
 161   notproduct(bool, CheckCompressedOops, true,                               \
 162           "Generate checks in encoding/decoding code in debug VM")          \
 163                                                                             \
 164   product(uintx, HeapSearchSteps, 3 PPC64_ONLY(+17),                        \
 165           "Heap allocation steps through preferred address regions to find" \
 166           " where it can allocate the heap. Number of steps to take per "   \
 167           "region.")                                                        \
 168           range(1, max_uintx)                                               \
 169                                                                             \
 170   product(uint, HandshakeTimeout, 0, DIAGNOSTIC,                            \
 171           "If nonzero set a timeout in milliseconds for handshakes")        \
 172                                                                             \
 173   product(bool, AlwaysSafeConstructors, false, EXPERIMENTAL,                \
 174           "Force safe construction, as if all fields are final.")           \
 175                                                                             \
 176   product(bool, UnlockDiagnosticVMOptions, trueInDebug, DIAGNOSTIC,         \
 177           "Enable normal processing of flags relating to field diagnostics")\
 178                                                                             \
 179   product(bool, UnlockExperimentalVMOptions, false, EXPERIMENTAL,           \
 180           "Enable normal processing of flags relating to experimental "     \
 181           "features")                                                       \
 182                                                                             \
 183   product(bool, JavaMonitorsInStackTrace, true,                             \
 184           "Print information about Java monitor locks when the stacks are " \
 185           "dumped")                                                         \
 186                                                                             \
 187   product_pd(bool, UseLargePages,                                           \
 188           "Use large page memory")                                          \
 189                                                                             \
 190   product_pd(bool, UseLargePagesIndividualAllocation,                       \
 191           "Allocate large pages individually for better affinity")          \
 192                                                                             \
 193   develop(bool, LargePagesIndividualAllocationInjectError, false,           \
 194           "Fail large pages individual allocation")                         \
 195                                                                             \
 196   product(bool, UseNUMA, false,                                             \
 197           "Use NUMA if available")                                          \
 198                                                                             \
 199   product(bool, UseNUMAInterleaving, false,                                 \
 200           "Interleave memory across NUMA nodes if available")               \
 201                                                                             \
 202   product(size_t, NUMAInterleaveGranularity, 2*M,                           \
 203           "Granularity to use for NUMA interleaving on Windows OS")         \
 204           constraint(NUMAInterleaveGranularityConstraintFunc, AtParse)      \
 205                                                                             \
 206   product(uintx, NUMAChunkResizeWeight, 20,                                 \
 207           "Percentage (0-100) used to weight the current sample when "      \
 208           "computing exponentially decaying average for "                   \
 209           "AdaptiveNUMAChunkSizing")                                        \
 210           range(0, 100)                                                     \
 211                                                                             \
 212   product(size_t, NUMASpaceResizeRate, 1*G,                                 \
 213           "Do not reallocate more than this amount per collection")         \
 214           range(0, max_uintx)                                               \
 215                                                                             \
 216   product(bool, UseAdaptiveNUMAChunkSizing, true,                           \
 217           "Enable adaptive chunk sizing for NUMA")                          \
 218                                                                             \
 219   product(bool, NUMAStats, false,                                           \
 220           "Print NUMA stats in detailed heap information")                  \
 221                                                                             \
 222   product(uintx, NUMAPageScanRate, 256,                                     \
 223           "Maximum number of pages to include in the page scan procedure")  \
 224           range(0, max_uintx)                                               \
 225                                                                             \
 226   product(bool, UseAES, false,                                              \
 227           "Control whether AES instructions are used when available")       \
 228                                                                             \
 229   product(bool, UseFMA, false,                                              \
 230           "Control whether FMA instructions are used when available")       \
 231                                                                             \
 232   product(bool, UseSHA, false,                                              \
 233           "Control whether SHA instructions are used when available")       \
 234                                                                             \
 235   product(bool, UseGHASHIntrinsics, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                      \
 236           "Use intrinsics for GHASH versions of crypto")                    \
 237                                                                             \
 238   product(bool, UseBASE64Intrinsics, false,                                 \
 239           "Use intrinsics for java.util.Base64")                            \
 240                                                                             \
 241   product(size_t, LargePageSizeInBytes, 0,                                  \
 242           "Maximum large page size used (0 will use the default large "     \
 243           "page size for the environment as the maximum)")                  \
 244           range(0, max_uintx)                                               \
 245                                                                             \
 246   product(size_t, LargePageHeapSizeThreshold, 128*M,                        \
 247           "Use large pages if maximum heap is at least this big")           \
 248           range(0, max_uintx)                                               \
 249                                                                             \
 250   product(bool, ForceTimeHighResolution, false,                             \
 251           "Using high time resolution (for Win32 only)")                    \
 252                                                                             \
 253   develop(bool, TracePcPatching, false,                                     \
 254           "Trace usage of frame::patch_pc")                                 \
 255                                                                             \
 256   develop(bool, TraceRelocator, false,                                      \
 257           "Trace the bytecode relocator")                                   \
 258                                                                             \
 259                                                                             \
 260   product(bool, SafepointALot, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                           \
 261           "Generate a lot of safepoints. This works with "                  \
 262           "GuaranteedSafepointInterval")                                    \
 263                                                                             \
 264   product(bool, HandshakeALot, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                           \
 265           "Generate a lot of handshakes. This works with "                  \
 266           "GuaranteedSafepointInterval")                                    \
 267                                                                             \
 268   product_pd(bool, BackgroundCompilation,                                   \
 269           "A thread requesting compilation is not blocked during "          \
 270           "compilation")                                                    \
 271                                                                             \
 272   product(bool, MethodFlushing, true,                                       \
 273           "Reclamation of zombie and not-entrant methods")                  \
 274                                                                             \
 275   develop(bool, VerifyStack, false,                                         \
 276           "Verify stack of each thread when it is entering a runtime call") \
 277                                                                             \
 278   product(bool, ForceUnreachable, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                        \
 279           "Make all non code cache addresses to be unreachable by "         \
 280           "forcing use of 64bit literal fixups")                            \
 281                                                                             \
 282   develop(bool, TraceDerivedPointers, false,                                \
 283           "Trace traversal of derived pointers on stack")                   \
 284                                                                             \
 285   notproduct(bool, TraceCodeBlobStacks, false,                              \
 286           "Trace stack-walk of codeblobs")                                  \
 287                                                                             \
 288   notproduct(bool, PrintRewrites, false,                                    \
 289           "Print methods that are being rewritten")                         \
 290                                                                             \
 291   product(bool, UseInlineCaches, true,                                      \
 292           "Use Inline Caches for virtual calls ")                           \
 293                                                                             \
 294   product(bool, InlineArrayCopy, true, DIAGNOSTIC,                          \
 295           "Inline arraycopy native that is known to be part of "            \
 296           "base library DLL")                                               \
 297                                                                             \
 298   product(bool, InlineObjectHash, true, DIAGNOSTIC,                         \
 299           "Inline Object::hashCode() native that is known to be part "      \
 300           "of base library DLL")                                            \
 301                                                                             \
 302   product(bool, InlineNatives, true, DIAGNOSTIC,                            \
 303           "Inline natives that are known to be part of base library DLL")   \
 304                                                                             \
 305   product(bool, InlineMathNatives, true, DIAGNOSTIC,                        \
 306           "Inline SinD, CosD, etc.")                                        \
 307                                                                             \
 308   product(bool, InlineClassNatives, true, DIAGNOSTIC,                       \
 309           "Inline Class.isInstance, etc")                                   \
 310                                                                             \
 311   product(bool, InlineThreadNatives, true, DIAGNOSTIC,                      \
 312           "Inline Thread.currentThread, etc")                               \
 313                                                                             \
 314   product(bool, InlineUnsafeOps, true, DIAGNOSTIC,                          \
 315           "Inline memory ops (native methods) from Unsafe")                 \
 316                                                                             \
 317   product(bool, UseAESIntrinsics, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                        \
 318           "Use intrinsics for AES versions of crypto")                      \
 319                                                                             \
 320   product(bool, UseAESCTRIntrinsics, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                     \
 321           "Use intrinsics for the paralleled version of AES/CTR crypto")    \
 322                                                                             \
 323   product(bool, UseMD5Intrinsics, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                        \
 324           "Use intrinsics for MD5 crypto hash function")                    \
 325                                                                             \
 326   product(bool, UseSHA1Intrinsics, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                       \
 327           "Use intrinsics for SHA-1 crypto hash function. "                 \
 328           "Requires that UseSHA is enabled.")                               \
 329                                                                             \
 330   product(bool, UseSHA256Intrinsics, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                     \
 331           "Use intrinsics for SHA-224 and SHA-256 crypto hash functions. "  \
 332           "Requires that UseSHA is enabled.")                               \
 333                                                                             \
 334   product(bool, UseSHA512Intrinsics, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                     \
 335           "Use intrinsics for SHA-384 and SHA-512 crypto hash functions. "  \
 336           "Requires that UseSHA is enabled.")                               \
 337                                                                             \
 338   product(bool, UseSHA3Intrinsics, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                       \
 339           "Use intrinsics for SHA3 crypto hash function. "                  \
 340           "Requires that UseSHA is enabled.")                               \
 341                                                                             \
 342   product(bool, UseCRC32Intrinsics, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                      \
 343           "use intrinsics for java.util.zip.CRC32")                         \
 344                                                                             \
 345   product(bool, UseCRC32CIntrinsics, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                     \
 346           "use intrinsics for java.util.zip.CRC32C")                        \
 347                                                                             \
 348   product(bool, UseAdler32Intrinsics, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                    \
 349           "use intrinsics for java.util.zip.Adler32")                       \
 350                                                                             \
 351   product(bool, UseVectorizedMismatchIntrinsic, false, DIAGNOSTIC,          \
 352           "Enables intrinsification of ArraysSupport.vectorizedMismatch()") \
 353                                                                             \
 354   product(bool, UseCopySignIntrinsic, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                    \
 355           "Enables intrinsification of Math.copySign")                      \
 356                                                                             \
 357   product(bool, UseSignumIntrinsic, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                      \
 358           "Enables intrinsification of Math.signum")                        \
 359                                                                             \
 360   product(ccstrlist, DisableIntrinsic, "", DIAGNOSTIC,                      \
 361          "do not expand intrinsics whose (internal) names appear here")     \
 362          constraint(DisableIntrinsicConstraintFunc,AfterErgo)               \
 363                                                                             \
 364   product(ccstrlist, ControlIntrinsic, "", DIAGNOSTIC,                      \
 365          "Control intrinsics using a list of +/- (internal) names, "        \
 366          "separated by commas")                                             \
 367          constraint(ControlIntrinsicConstraintFunc,AfterErgo)               \
 368                                                                             \
 369   develop(bool, TraceCallFixup, false,                                      \
 370           "Trace all call fixups")                                          \
 371                                                                             \
 372   develop(bool, DeoptimizeALot, false,                                      \
 373           "Deoptimize at every exit from the runtime system")               \
 374                                                                             \
 375   notproduct(ccstrlist, DeoptimizeOnlyAt, "",                               \
 376           "A comma separated list of bcis to deoptimize at")                \
 377                                                                             \
 378   develop(bool, DeoptimizeRandom, false,                                    \
 379           "Deoptimize random frames on random exit from the runtime system")\
 380                                                                             \
 381   notproduct(bool, ZombieALot, false,                                       \
 382           "Create zombies (non-entrant) at exit from the runtime system")   \
 383                                                                             \
 384   notproduct(bool, WalkStackALot, false,                                    \
 385           "Trace stack (no print) at every exit from the runtime system")   \
 386                                                                             \
 387   develop(bool, DeoptimizeObjectsALot, false,                               \
 388           "For testing purposes concurrent threads revert optimizations "   \
 389           "based on escape analysis at intervals given with "               \
 390           "DeoptimizeObjectsALotInterval=n. The thread count is given "     \
 391           "with DeoptimizeObjectsALotThreadCountSingle and "                \
 392           "DeoptimizeObjectsALotThreadCountAll.")                           \
 393                                                                             \
 394   develop(uint64_t, DeoptimizeObjectsALotInterval, 5,                       \
 395           "Interval for DeoptimizeObjectsALot.")                            \
 396           range(0, max_jlong)                                               \
 397                                                                             \
 398   develop(int, DeoptimizeObjectsALotThreadCountSingle, 1,                   \
 399           "The number of threads that revert optimizations based on "       \
 400           "escape analysis for a single thread if DeoptimizeObjectsALot "   \
 401           "is enabled. The target thread is selected round robin." )        \
 402           range(0, max_jint)                                                \
 403                                                                             \
 404   develop(int, DeoptimizeObjectsALotThreadCountAll, 1,                      \
 405           "The number of threads that revert optimizations based on "       \
 406           "escape analysis for all threads if DeoptimizeObjectsALot "       \
 407           "is enabled." )                                                   \
 408           range(0, max_jint)                                                \
 409                                                                             \
 410   notproduct(bool, VerifyLastFrame, false,                                  \
 411           "Verify oops on last frame on entry to VM")                       \
 412                                                                             \
 413   product(bool, SafepointTimeout, false,                                    \
 414           "Time out and warn or fail after SafepointTimeoutDelay "          \
 415           "milliseconds if failed to reach safepoint")                      \
 416                                                                             \
 417   product(bool, AbortVMOnSafepointTimeout, false, DIAGNOSTIC,               \
 418           "Abort upon failure to reach safepoint (see SafepointTimeout)")   \
 419                                                                             \
 420   product(bool, AbortVMOnVMOperationTimeout, false, DIAGNOSTIC,             \
 421           "Abort upon failure to complete VM operation promptly")           \
 422                                                                             \
 423   product(intx, AbortVMOnVMOperationTimeoutDelay, 1000, DIAGNOSTIC,         \
 424           "Delay in milliseconds for option AbortVMOnVMOperationTimeout")   \
 425           range(0, max_intx)                                                \
 426                                                                             \
 427   product(bool, MaxFDLimit, true,                                           \
 428           "Bump the number of file descriptors to maximum (Unix only)")     \
 429                                                                             \
 430   product(bool, LogEvents, true, DIAGNOSTIC,                                \
 431           "Enable the various ring buffer event logs")                      \
 432                                                                             \
 433   product(uintx, LogEventsBufferEntries, 20, DIAGNOSTIC,                    \
 434           "Number of ring buffer event logs")                               \
 435           range(1, NOT_LP64(1*K) LP64_ONLY(1*M))                            \
 436                                                                             \
 437   product(bool, BytecodeVerificationRemote, true, DIAGNOSTIC,               \
 438           "Enable the Java bytecode verifier for remote classes")           \
 439                                                                             \
 440   product(bool, BytecodeVerificationLocal, false, DIAGNOSTIC,               \
 441           "Enable the Java bytecode verifier for local classes")            \
 442                                                                             \
 443   develop(bool, VerifyStackAtCalls, false,                                  \
 444           "Verify that the stack pointer is unchanged after calls")         \
 445                                                                             \
 446   develop(bool, TraceJavaAssertions, false,                                 \
 447           "Trace java language assertions")                                 \
 448                                                                             \
 449   notproduct(bool, VerifyCodeCache, false,                                  \
 450           "Verify code cache on memory allocation/deallocation")            \
 451                                                                             \
 452   develop(bool, UseMallocOnly, false,                                       \
 453           "Use only malloc/free for allocation (no resource area/arena). "  \
 454           "Used to help diagnose memory stomping bugs.")                    \
 455                                                                             \
 456   develop(bool, ZapResourceArea, trueInDebug,                               \
 457           "Zap freed resource/arena space")                                 \
 458                                                                             \
 459   notproduct(bool, ZapVMHandleArea, trueInDebug,                            \
 460           "Zap freed VM handle space")                                      \
 461                                                                             \
 462   notproduct(bool, ZapStackSegments, trueInDebug,                           \
 463           "Zap allocated/freed stack segments")                             \
 464                                                                             \
 465   develop(bool, ZapUnusedHeapArea, trueInDebug,                             \
 466           "Zap unused heap space")                                          \
 467                                                                             \
 468   develop(bool, CheckZapUnusedHeapArea, false,                              \
 469           "Check zapping of unused heap space")                             \
 470                                                                             \
 471   develop(bool, ZapFillerObjects, trueInDebug,                              \
 472           "Zap filler objects")                                             \
 473                                                                             \
 474   product(bool, ExecutingUnitTests, false,                                  \
 475           "Whether the JVM is running unit tests or not")                   \
 476                                                                             \
 477   develop(uintx, ErrorHandlerTest, 0,                                       \
 478           "If > 0, provokes an error after VM initialization; the value "   \
 479           "determines which error to provoke. See controlled_crash() "      \
 480           "in vmError.cpp.")                                                \
 481           range(0, 17)                                                      \
 482                                                                             \
 483   develop(uintx, TestCrashInErrorHandler, 0,                                \
 484           "If > 0, provokes an error inside VM error handler (a secondary " \
 485           "crash). see controlled_crash() in vmError.cpp")                  \
 486           range(0, 17)                                                      \
 487                                                                             \
 488   develop(bool, TestSafeFetchInErrorHandler, false   ,                      \
 489           "If true, tests SafeFetch inside error handler.")                 \
 490                                                                             \
 491   develop(bool, TestUnresponsiveErrorHandler, false,                        \
 492           "If true, simulates an unresponsive error handler.")              \
 493                                                                             \
 494   develop(bool, Verbose, false,                                             \
 495           "Print additional debugging information from other modes")        \
 496                                                                             \
 497   develop(bool, PrintMiscellaneous, false,                                  \
 498           "Print uncategorized debugging information (requires +Verbose)")  \
 499                                                                             \
 500   develop(bool, WizardMode, false,                                          \
 501           "Print much more debugging information")                          \
 502                                                                             \
 503   product(bool, ShowMessageBoxOnError, false,                               \
 504           "Keep process alive on VM fatal error")                           \
 505                                                                             \
 506   product(bool, CreateCoredumpOnCrash, true,                                \
 507           "Create core/mini dump on VM fatal error")                        \
 508                                                                             \
 509   product(uint64_t, ErrorLogTimeout, 2 * 60,                                \
 510           "Timeout, in seconds, to limit the time spent on writing an "     \
 511           "error log in case of a crash.")                                  \
 512           range(0, (uint64_t)max_jlong/1000)                                \
 513                                                                             \
 514   product(bool, SuppressFatalErrorMessage, false,                           \
 515           "Report NO fatal error message (avoid deadlock)")                 \
 516                                                                             \
 517   product(ccstrlist, OnError, "",                                           \
 518           "Run user-defined commands on fatal error; see VMError.cpp "      \
 519           "for examples")                                                   \
 520                                                                             \
 521   product(ccstrlist, OnOutOfMemoryError, "",                                \
 522           "Run user-defined commands on first java.lang.OutOfMemoryError "  \
 523           "thrown from JVM")                                                \
 524                                                                             \
 525   product(bool, HeapDumpBeforeFullGC, false, MANAGEABLE,                    \
 526           "Dump heap to file before any major stop-the-world GC")           \
 527                                                                             \
 528   product(bool, HeapDumpAfterFullGC, false, MANAGEABLE,                     \
 529           "Dump heap to file after any major stop-the-world GC")            \
 530                                                                             \
 531   product(bool, HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError, false, MANAGEABLE,              \
 532           "Dump heap to file when java.lang.OutOfMemoryError is thrown "    \
 533           "from JVM")                                                       \
 534                                                                             \
 535   product(ccstr, HeapDumpPath, NULL, MANAGEABLE,                            \
 536           "When HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError is on, the path (filename or "   \
 537           "directory) of the dump file (defaults to java_pid<pid>.hprof "   \
 538           "in the working directory)")                                      \
 539                                                                             \
 540   product(intx, HeapDumpGzipLevel, 0, MANAGEABLE,                           \
 541           "When HeapDumpOnOutOfMemoryError is on, the gzip compression "    \
 542           "level of the dump file. 0 (the default) disables gzip "          \
 543           "compression. Otherwise the level must be between 1 and 9.")      \
 544           range(0, 9)                                                       \
 545                                                                             \
 546   product(ccstr, NativeMemoryTracking, DEBUG_ONLY("summary") NOT_DEBUG("off"), \
 547           "Native memory tracking options")                                 \
 548                                                                             \
 549   product(bool, PrintNMTStatistics, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                      \
 550           "Print native memory tracking summary data if it is on")          \
 551                                                                             \
 552   product(bool, LogCompilation, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                          \
 553           "Log compilation activity in detail to LogFile")                  \
 554                                                                             \
 555   product(bool, PrintCompilation, false,                                    \
 556           "Print compilations")                                             \
 557                                                                             \
 558   product(intx, RepeatCompilation, 0, DIAGNOSTIC,                           \
 559           "Repeat compilation without installing code (number of times)")   \
 560           range(0, max_jint)                                                \
 561                                                                             \
 562   product(bool, PrintExtendedThreadInfo, false,                             \
 563           "Print more information in thread dump")                          \
 564                                                                             \
 565   product(intx, ScavengeRootsInCode, 2, DIAGNOSTIC,                         \
 566           "0: do not allow scavengable oops in the code cache; "            \
 567           "1: allow scavenging from the code cache; "                       \
 568           "2: emit as many constants as the compiler can see")              \
 569           range(0, 2)                                                       \
 570                                                                             \
 571   product(bool, AlwaysRestoreFPU, false,                                    \
 572           "Restore the FPU control word after every JNI call (expensive)")  \
 573                                                                             \
 574   product(bool, PrintCompilation2, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                       \
 575           "Print additional statistics per compilation")                    \
 576                                                                             \
 577   product(bool, PrintAdapterHandlers, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                    \
 578           "Print code generated for i2c/c2i adapters")                      \
 579                                                                             \
 580   product(bool, VerifyAdapterCalls, trueInDebug, DIAGNOSTIC,                \
 581           "Verify that i2c/c2i adapters are called properly")               \
 582                                                                             \
 583   develop(bool, VerifyAdapterSharing, false,                                \
 584           "Verify that the code for shared adapters is the equivalent")     \
 585                                                                             \
 586   product(bool, PrintAssembly, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                           \
 587           "Print assembly code (using external disassembler.so)")           \
 588                                                                             \
 589   product(ccstr, PrintAssemblyOptions, NULL, DIAGNOSTIC,                    \
 590           "Print options string passed to disassembler.so")                 \
 591                                                                             \
 592   notproduct(bool, PrintNMethodStatistics, false,                           \
 593           "Print a summary statistic for the generated nmethods")           \
 594                                                                             \
 595   product(bool, PrintNMethods, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                           \
 596           "Print assembly code for nmethods when generated")                \
 597                                                                             \
 598   product(bool, PrintNativeNMethods, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                     \
 599           "Print assembly code for native nmethods when generated")         \
 600                                                                             \
 601   develop(bool, PrintDebugInfo, false,                                      \
 602           "Print debug information for all nmethods when generated")        \
 603                                                                             \
 604   develop(bool, PrintRelocations, false,                                    \
 605           "Print relocation information for all nmethods when generated")   \
 606                                                                             \
 607   develop(bool, PrintDependencies, false,                                   \
 608           "Print dependency information for all nmethods when generated")   \
 609                                                                             \
 610   develop(bool, PrintExceptionHandlers, false,                              \
 611           "Print exception handler tables for all nmethods when generated") \
 612                                                                             \
 613   develop(bool, StressCompiledExceptionHandlers, false,                     \
 614           "Exercise compiled exception handlers")                           \
 615                                                                             \
 616   develop(bool, InterceptOSException, false,                                \
 617           "Start debugger when an implicit OS (e.g. NULL) "                 \
 618           "exception happens")                                              \
 619                                                                             \
 620   product(bool, PrintCodeCache, false,                                      \
 621           "Print the code cache memory usage when exiting")                 \
 622                                                                             \
 623   develop(bool, PrintCodeCache2, false,                                     \
 624           "Print detailed usage information on the code cache when exiting")\
 625                                                                             \
 626   product(bool, PrintCodeCacheOnCompilation, false,                         \
 627           "Print the code cache memory usage each time a method is "        \
 628           "compiled")                                                       \
 629                                                                             \
 630   product(bool, PrintCodeHeapAnalytics, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                  \
 631           "Print code heap usage statistics on exit and on full condition") \
 632                                                                             \
 633   product(bool, PrintStubCode, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                           \
 634           "Print generated stub code")                                      \
 635                                                                             \
 636   product(bool, StackTraceInThrowable, true,                                \
 637           "Collect backtrace in throwable when exception happens")          \
 638                                                                             \
 639   product(bool, OmitStackTraceInFastThrow, true,                            \
 640           "Omit backtraces for some 'hot' exceptions in optimized code")    \
 641                                                                             \
 642   product(bool, ShowCodeDetailsInExceptionMessages, true, MANAGEABLE,       \
 643           "Show exception messages from RuntimeExceptions that contain "    \
 644           "snippets of the failing code. Disable this to improve privacy.") \
 645                                                                             \
 646   product(bool, PrintWarnings, true,                                        \
 647           "Print JVM warnings to output stream")                            \
 648                                                                             \
 649   product(bool, RegisterFinalizersAtInit, true,                             \
 650           "Register finalizable objects at end of Object.<init> or "        \
 651           "after allocation")                                               \
 652                                                                             \
 653   develop(bool, RegisterReferences, true,                                   \
 654           "Tell whether the VM should register soft/weak/final/phantom "    \
 655           "references")                                                     \
 656                                                                             \
 657   develop(bool, PrintCodeCacheExtension, false,                             \
 658           "Print extension of code cache")                                  \
 659                                                                             \
 660   develop(bool, UsePrivilegedStack, true,                                   \
 661           "Enable the security JVM functions")                              \
 662                                                                             \
 663   product(bool, ClassUnloading, true,                                       \
 664           "Do unloading of classes")                                        \
 665                                                                             \
 666   product(bool, ClassUnloadingWithConcurrentMark, true,                     \
 667           "Do unloading of classes with a concurrent marking cycle")        \
 668                                                                             \
 669   notproduct(bool, PrintSystemDictionaryAtExit, false,                      \
 670           "Print the system dictionary at exit")                            \
 671                                                                             \
 672   notproduct(bool, PrintClassLoaderDataGraphAtExit, false,                  \
 673           "Print the class loader data graph at exit")                      \
 674                                                                             \
 675   product(bool, DynamicallyResizeSystemDictionaries, true, DIAGNOSTIC,      \
 676           "Dynamically resize system dictionaries as needed")               \
 677                                                                             \
 678   product(bool, AllowParallelDefineClass, false,                            \
 679           "Allow parallel defineClass requests for class loaders "          \
 680           "registering as parallel capable")                                \
 681                                                                             \
 682   product_pd(bool, DontYieldALot,                                           \
 683           "Throw away obvious excess yield calls")                          \
 684                                                                             \
 685   product(bool, DisablePrimordialThreadGuardPages, false, EXPERIMENTAL,     \
 686                "Disable the use of stack guard pages if the JVM is loaded " \
 687                "on the primordial process thread")                          \
 688                                                                             \
 689   /* notice: the max range value here is max_jint, not max_intx  */         \
 690   /* because of overflow issue                                   */         \
 691   product(intx, AsyncDeflationInterval, 250, DIAGNOSTIC,                    \
 692           "Async deflate idle monitors every so many milliseconds when "    \
 693           "MonitorUsedDeflationThreshold is exceeded (0 is off).")          \
 694           range(0, max_jint)                                                \
 695                                                                             \
 696   product(size_t, AvgMonitorsPerThreadEstimate, 1024, DIAGNOSTIC,           \
 697           "Used to estimate a variable ceiling based on number of threads " \
 698           "for use with MonitorUsedDeflationThreshold (0 is off).")         \
 699           range(0, max_uintx)                                               \
 700                                                                             \
 701   /* notice: the max range value here is max_jint, not max_intx  */         \
 702   /* because of overflow issue                                   */         \
 703   product(intx, MonitorDeflationMax, 1000000, DIAGNOSTIC,                   \
 704           "The maximum number of monitors to deflate, unlink and delete "   \
 705           "at one time (minimum is 1024).")                      \
 706           range(1024, max_jint)                                             \
 707                                                                             \
 708   product(intx, MonitorUsedDeflationThreshold, 90, DIAGNOSTIC,              \
 709           "Percentage of used monitors before triggering deflation (0 is "  \
 710           "off). The check is performed on GuaranteedSafepointInterval "    \
 711           "or AsyncDeflationInterval.")                                     \
 712           range(0, 100)                                                     \
 713                                                                             \
 714   product(uintx, NoAsyncDeflationProgressMax, 3, DIAGNOSTIC,                \
 715           "Max number of no progress async deflation attempts to tolerate " \
 716           "before adjusting the in_use_list_ceiling up (0 is off).")        \
 717           range(0, max_uintx)                                               \
 718                                                                             \
 719   product(intx, hashCode, 5, EXPERIMENTAL,                                  \
 720                "(Unstable) select hashCode generation algorithm")           \
 721                                                                             \
 722   product(bool, ReduceSignalUsage, false,                                   \
 723           "Reduce the use of OS signals in Java and/or the VM")             \
 724                                                                             \
 725   develop(bool, LoadLineNumberTables, true,                                 \
 726           "Tell whether the class file parser loads line number tables")    \
 727                                                                             \
 728   develop(bool, LoadLocalVariableTables, true,                              \
 729           "Tell whether the class file parser loads local variable tables") \
 730                                                                             \
 731   develop(bool, LoadLocalVariableTypeTables, true,                          \
 732           "Tell whether the class file parser loads local variable type"    \
 733           "tables")                                                         \
 734                                                                             \
 735   product(bool, AllowUserSignalHandlers, false,                             \
 736           "Application will install primary signal handlers for the JVM "   \
 737           "(Unix only)")                                                    \
 738                                                                             \
 739   product(bool, UseSignalChaining, true,                                    \
 740           "Use signal-chaining to invoke signal handlers installed "        \
 741           "by the application (Unix only)")                                 \
 742                                                                             \
 743   product(bool, RestoreMXCSROnJNICalls, false,                              \
 744           "Restore MXCSR when returning from JNI calls")                    \
 745                                                                             \
 746   product(bool, CheckJNICalls, false,                                       \
 747           "Verify all arguments to JNI calls")                              \
 748                                                                             \
 749   product(bool, UseFastJNIAccessors, true,                                  \
 750           "Use optimized versions of Get<Primitive>Field")                  \
 751                                                                             \
 752   product(intx, MaxJNILocalCapacity, 65536,                                 \
 753           "Maximum allowable local JNI handle capacity to "                 \
 754           "EnsureLocalCapacity() and PushLocalFrame(), "                    \
 755           "where <= 0 is unlimited, default: 65536")                        \
 756           range(min_intx, max_intx)                                         \
 757                                                                             \
 758   product(bool, EagerXrunInit, false,                                       \
 759           "Eagerly initialize -Xrun libraries; allows startup profiling, "  \
 760           "but not all -Xrun libraries may support the state of the VM "    \
 761           "at this time")                                                   \
 762                                                                             \
 763   product(bool, PreserveAllAnnotations, false,                              \
 764           "Preserve RuntimeInvisibleAnnotations as well "                   \
 765           "as RuntimeVisibleAnnotations")                                   \
 766                                                                             \
 767   develop(uintx, PreallocatedOutOfMemoryErrorCount, 4,                      \
 768           "Number of OutOfMemoryErrors preallocated with backtrace")        \
 769                                                                             \
 770   product(bool, UseXMMForArrayCopy, false,                                  \
 771           "Use SSE2 MOVQ instruction for Arraycopy")                        \
 772                                                                             \
 773   notproduct(bool, PrintFieldLayout, false,                                 \
 774           "Print field layout for each class")                              \
 775                                                                             \
 776   /* Need to limit the extent of the padding to reasonable size.          */\
 777   /* 8K is well beyond the reasonable HW cache line size, even with       */\
 778   /* aggressive prefetching, while still leaving the room for segregating */\
 779   /* among the distinct pages.                                            */\
 780   product(intx, ContendedPaddingWidth, 128,                                 \
 781           "How many bytes to pad the fields/classes marked @Contended with")\
 782           range(0, 8192)                                                    \
 783           constraint(ContendedPaddingWidthConstraintFunc,AfterErgo)         \
 784                                                                             \
 785   product(bool, EnableContended, true,                                      \
 786           "Enable @Contended annotation support")                           \
 787                                                                             \
 788   product(bool, RestrictContended, true,                                    \
 789           "Restrict @Contended to trusted classes")                         \
 790                                                                             \
 791   product(intx, DiagnoseSyncOnValueBasedClasses, 0, DIAGNOSTIC,             \
 792              "Detect and take action upon identifying synchronization on "  \
 793              "value based classes. Modes: "                                 \
 794              "0: off; "                                                     \
 795              "1: exit with fatal error; "                                   \
 796              "2: log message to stdout. Output file can be specified with " \
 797              "   -Xlog:valuebasedclasses. If JFR is running it will "       \
 798              "   also generate JFR events.")                                \
 799              range(0, 2)                                                    \
 800                                                                             \
 801   product(bool, ExitOnOutOfMemoryError, false,                              \
 802           "JVM exits on the first occurrence of an out-of-memory error "    \
 803           "thrown from JVM")                                                \
 804                                                                             \
 805   product(bool, CrashOnOutOfMemoryError, false,                             \
 806           "JVM aborts, producing an error log and core/mini dump, on the "  \
 807           "first occurrence of an out-of-memory error thrown from JVM")     \
 808                                                                             \
 809   /* tracing */                                                             \
 810                                                                             \
 811   develop(bool, StressRewriter, false,                                      \
 812           "Stress linktime bytecode rewriting")                             \
 813                                                                             \
 814   product(ccstr, TraceJVMTI, NULL,                                          \
 815           "Trace flags for JVMTI functions and events")                     \
 816                                                                             \
 817   product(bool, StressLdcRewrite, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                        \
 818           "Force ldc -> ldc_w rewrite during RedefineClasses. "             \
 819           "This option can change an EMCP method into an obsolete method "  \
 820           "and can affect tests that expect specific methods to be EMCP. "  \
 821           "This option should be used with caution.")                       \
 822                                                                             \
 823   product(bool, AllowRedefinitionToAddDeleteMethods, false,                 \
 824           "(Deprecated) Allow redefinition to add and delete private "      \
 825           "static or final methods for compatibility with old releases")    \
 826                                                                             \
 827   develop(bool, TraceBytecodes, false,                                      \
 828           "Trace bytecode execution")                                       \
 829                                                                             \
 830   develop(bool, TraceICs, false,                                            \
 831           "Trace inline cache changes")                                     \
 832                                                                             \
 833   notproduct(bool, TraceInvocationCounterOverflow, false,                   \
 834           "Trace method invocation counter overflow")                       \
 835                                                                             \
 836   develop(bool, TraceInlineCacheClearing, false,                            \
 837           "Trace clearing of inline caches in nmethods")                    \
 838                                                                             \
 839   develop(bool, TraceDependencies, false,                                   \
 840           "Trace dependencies")                                             \
 841                                                                             \
 842   develop(bool, VerifyDependencies, trueInDebug,                            \
 843           "Exercise and verify the compilation dependency mechanism")       \
 844                                                                             \
 845   develop(bool, TraceNewOopMapGeneration, false,                            \
 846           "Trace OopMapGeneration")                                         \
 847                                                                             \
 848   develop(bool, TraceNewOopMapGenerationDetailed, false,                    \
 849           "Trace OopMapGeneration: print detailed cell states")             \
 850                                                                             \
 851   develop(bool, TimeOopMap, false,                                          \
 852           "Time calls to GenerateOopMap::compute_map() in sum")             \
 853                                                                             \
 854   develop(bool, TimeOopMap2, false,                                         \
 855           "Time calls to GenerateOopMap::compute_map() individually")       \
 856                                                                             \
 857   develop(bool, TraceOopMapRewrites, false,                                 \
 858           "Trace rewriting of methods during oop map generation")           \
 859                                                                             \
 860   develop(bool, TraceICBuffer, false,                                       \
 861           "Trace usage of IC buffer")                                       \
 862                                                                             \
 863   develop(bool, TraceCompiledIC, false,                                     \
 864           "Trace changes of compiled IC")                                   \
 865                                                                             \
 866   develop(bool, FLSVerifyDictionary, false,                                 \
 867           "Do lots of (expensive) FLS dictionary verification")             \
 868                                                                             \
 869                                                                             \
 870   notproduct(bool, CheckMemoryInitialization, false,                        \
 871           "Check memory initialization")                                    \
 872                                                                             \
 873   product(uintx, ProcessDistributionStride, 4,                              \
 874           "Stride through processors when distributing processes")          \
 875           range(0, max_juint)                                               \
 876                                                                             \
 877   develop(bool, TraceFinalizerRegistration, false,                          \
 878           "Trace registration of final references")                         \
 879                                                                             \
 880   product(bool, IgnoreEmptyClassPaths, false,                               \
 881           "Ignore empty path elements in -classpath")                       \
 882                                                                             \
 883   product(bool, PrintHeapAtSIGBREAK, true,                                  \
 884           "Print heap layout in response to SIGBREAK")                      \
 885                                                                             \
 886   product(bool, PrintClassHistogram, false, MANAGEABLE,                     \
 887           "Print a histogram of class instances")                           \
 888                                                                             \
 889   product(double, ObjectCountCutOffPercent, 0.5, EXPERIMENTAL,              \
 890           "The percentage of the used heap that the instances of a class "  \
 891           "must occupy for the class to generate a trace event")            \
 892           range(0.0, 100.0)                                                 \
 893                                                                             \
 894   /* JVMTI heap profiling */                                                \
 895                                                                             \
 896   product(bool, VerifyBeforeIteration, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                   \
 897           "Verify memory system before JVMTI iteration")                    \
 898                                                                             \
 899   /* compiler */                                                            \
 900                                                                             \
 901   /* notice: the max range value here is max_jint, not max_intx  */         \
 902   /* because of overflow issue                                   */         \
 903   product(intx, CICompilerCount, CI_COMPILER_COUNT,                         \
 904           "Number of compiler threads to run")                              \
 905           range(0, max_jint)                                                \
 906           constraint(CICompilerCountConstraintFunc, AfterErgo)              \
 907                                                                             \
 908   product(bool, UseDynamicNumberOfCompilerThreads, true,                    \
 909           "Dynamically choose the number of parallel compiler threads")     \
 910                                                                             \
 911   product(bool, ReduceNumberOfCompilerThreads, true, DIAGNOSTIC,            \
 912              "Reduce the number of parallel compiler threads when they "    \
 913              "are not used")                                                \
 914                                                                             \
 915   product(bool, TraceCompilerThreads, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                    \
 916              "Trace creation and removal of compiler threads")              \
 917                                                                             \
 918   develop(bool, InjectCompilerCreationFailure, false,                       \
 919           "Inject thread creation failures for "                            \
 920           "UseDynamicNumberOfCompilerThreads")                              \
 921                                                                             \
 922   develop(bool, GenerateSynchronizationCode, true,                          \
 923           "generate locking/unlocking code for synchronized methods and "   \
 924           "monitors")                                                       \
 925                                                                             \
 926   develop(bool, GenerateRangeChecks, true,                                  \
 927           "Generate range checks for array accesses")                       \
 928                                                                             \
 929   product_pd(bool, ImplicitNullChecks, DIAGNOSTIC,                          \
 930           "Generate code for implicit null checks")                         \
 931                                                                             \
 932   product_pd(bool, TrapBasedNullChecks,                                     \
 933           "Generate code for null checks that uses a cmp and trap "         \
 934           "instruction raising SIGTRAP.  This is only used if an access to" \
 935           "null (+offset) will not raise a SIGSEGV, i.e.,"                  \
 936           "ImplicitNullChecks don't work (PPC64).")                         \
 937                                                                             \
 938   product(bool, EnableThreadSMRExtraValidityChecks, true, DIAGNOSTIC,       \
 939              "Enable Thread SMR extra validity checks")                     \
 940                                                                             \
 941   product(bool, EnableThreadSMRStatistics, trueInDebug, DIAGNOSTIC,         \
 942              "Enable Thread SMR Statistics")                                \
 943                                                                             \
 944   product(bool, UseNotificationThread, true,                                \
 945           "Use Notification Thread")                                        \
 946                                                                             \
 947   product(bool, Inline, true,                                               \
 948           "Enable inlining")                                                \
 949                                                                             \
 950   product(bool, ClipInlining, true,                                         \
 951           "Clip inlining if aggregate method exceeds DesiredMethodLimit")   \
 952                                                                             \
 953   develop(bool, UseCHA, true,                                               \
 954           "Enable CHA")                                                     \
 955                                                                             \
 956   product(bool, UseVtableBasedCHA, true,  DIAGNOSTIC,                       \
 957           "Use vtable information during CHA")                              \
 958                                                                             \
 959   product(bool, UseTypeProfile, true,                                       \
 960           "Check interpreter profile for historically monomorphic calls")   \
 961                                                                             \
 962   product(bool, PrintInlining, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                           \
 963           "Print inlining optimizations")                                   \
 964                                                                             \
 965   product(bool, UsePopCountInstruction, false,                              \
 966           "Use population count instruction")                               \
 967                                                                             \
 968   develop(bool, EagerInitialization, false,                                 \
 969           "Eagerly initialize classes if possible")                         \
 970                                                                             \
 971   product(bool, LogTouchedMethods, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                       \
 972           "Log methods which have been ever touched in runtime")            \
 973                                                                             \
 974   product(bool, PrintTouchedMethodsAtExit, false, DIAGNOSTIC,               \
 975           "Print all methods that have been ever touched in runtime")       \
 976                                                                             \
 977   develop(bool, TraceMethodReplacement, false,                              \
 978           "Print when methods are replaced do to recompilation")            \
 979                                                                             \
 980   develop(bool, PrintMethodFlushing, false,                                 \
 981           "Print the nmethods being flushed")                               \
 982                                                                             \
 983   product(bool, PrintMethodFlushingStatistics, false, DIAGNOSTIC,           \
 984           "print statistics about method flushing")                         \
 985                                                                             \
 986   product(intx, HotMethodDetectionLimit, 100000, DIAGNOSTIC,                \
 987           "Number of compiled code invocations after which "                \
 988           "the method is considered as hot by the flusher")                 \
 989           range(1, max_jint)                                                \
 990                                                                             \
 991   product(intx, MinPassesBeforeFlush, 10, DIAGNOSTIC,                       \
 992           "Minimum number of sweeper passes before an nmethod "             \
 993           "can be flushed")                                                 \
 994           range(0, max_intx)                                                \
 995                                                                             \
 996   product(bool, UseCodeAging, true,                                         \
 997           "Insert counter to detect warm methods")                          \
 998                                                                             \
 999   product(bool, StressCodeAging, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                         \
1000           "Start with counters compiled in")                                \
1001                                                                             \
1002   develop(bool, StressCodeBuffers, false,                                   \
1003           "Exercise code buffer expansion and other rare state changes")    \
1004                                                                             \
1005   product(bool, DebugNonSafepoints, trueInDebug, DIAGNOSTIC,                \
1006           "Generate extra debugging information for non-safepoints in "     \
1007           "nmethods")                                                       \
1008                                                                             \
1009   product(bool, PrintVMOptions, false,                                      \
1010           "Print flags that appeared on the command line")                  \
1011                                                                             \
1012   product(bool, IgnoreUnrecognizedVMOptions, false,                         \
1013           "Ignore unrecognized VM options")                                 \
1014                                                                             \
1015   product(bool, PrintCommandLineFlags, false,                               \
1016           "Print flags specified on command line or set by ergonomics")     \
1017                                                                             \
1018   product(bool, PrintFlagsInitial, false,                                   \
1019           "Print all VM flags before argument processing and exit VM")      \
1020                                                                             \
1021   product(bool, PrintFlagsFinal, false,                                     \
1022           "Print all VM flags after argument and ergonomic processing")     \
1023                                                                             \
1024   notproduct(bool, PrintFlagsWithComments, false,                           \
1025           "Print all VM flags with default values and descriptions and "    \
1026           "exit")                                                           \
1027                                                                             \
1028   product(bool, PrintFlagsRanges, false,                                    \
1029           "Print VM flags and their ranges")                                \
1030                                                                             \
1031   product(bool, SerializeVMOutput, true, DIAGNOSTIC,                        \
1032           "Use a mutex to serialize output to tty and LogFile")             \
1033                                                                             \
1034   product(bool, DisplayVMOutput, true, DIAGNOSTIC,                          \
1035           "Display all VM output on the tty, independently of LogVMOutput") \
1036                                                                             \
1037   product(bool, LogVMOutput, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                             \
1038           "Save VM output to LogFile")                                      \
1039                                                                             \
1040   product(ccstr, LogFile, NULL, DIAGNOSTIC,                                 \
1041           "If LogVMOutput or LogCompilation is on, save VM output to "      \
1042           "this file [default: ./hotspot_pid%p.log] (%p replaced with pid)")\
1043                                                                             \
1044   product(ccstr, ErrorFile, NULL,                                           \
1045           "If an error occurs, save the error data to this file "           \
1046           "[default: ./hs_err_pid%p.log] (%p replaced with pid)")           \
1047                                                                             \
1048   product(bool, ExtensiveErrorReports,                                      \
1049           PRODUCT_ONLY(false) NOT_PRODUCT(true),                            \
1050           "Error reports are more extensive.")                              \
1051                                                                             \
1052   product(bool, DisplayVMOutputToStderr, false,                             \
1053           "If DisplayVMOutput is true, display all VM output to stderr")    \
1054                                                                             \
1055   product(bool, DisplayVMOutputToStdout, false,                             \
1056           "If DisplayVMOutput is true, display all VM output to stdout")    \
1057                                                                             \
1058   product(bool, ErrorFileToStderr, false,                                   \
1059           "If true, error data is printed to stderr instead of a file")     \
1060                                                                             \
1061   product(bool, ErrorFileToStdout, false,                                   \
1062           "If true, error data is printed to stdout instead of a file")     \
1063                                                                             \
1064   product(bool, UseHeavyMonitors, false,                                    \
1065           "(Deprecated) Use heavyweight instead of lightweight Java "       \
1066           "monitors")                                                       \
1067                                                                             \
1068   develop(bool, VerifyHeavyMonitors, false,                                 \
1069           "Checks that no stack locking happens when using "                \
1070           "+UseHeavyMonitors")                                              \
1071                                                                             \
1072   product(bool, PrintStringTableStatistics, false,                          \
1073           "print statistics about the StringTable and SymbolTable")         \
1074                                                                             \
1075   product(bool, VerifyStringTableAtExit, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                 \
1076           "verify StringTable contents at exit")                            \
1077                                                                             \
1078   notproduct(bool, PrintSymbolTableSizeHistogram, false,                    \
1079           "print histogram of the symbol table")                            \
1080                                                                             \
1081   product(ccstr, AbortVMOnException, NULL, DIAGNOSTIC,                      \
1082           "Call fatal if this exception is thrown.  Example: "              \
1083           "java -XX:AbortVMOnException=java.lang.NullPointerException Foo") \
1084                                                                             \
1085   product(ccstr, AbortVMOnExceptionMessage, NULL, DIAGNOSTIC,               \
1086           "Call fatal if the exception pointed by AbortVMOnException "      \
1087           "has this message")                                               \
1088                                                                             \
1089   develop(bool, DebugVtables, false,                                        \
1090           "add debugging code to vtable dispatch")                          \
1091                                                                             \
1092   develop(bool, TraceCreateZombies, false,                                  \
1093           "trace creation of zombie nmethods")                              \
1094                                                                             \
1095   product(bool, RangeCheckElimination, true,                                \
1096           "Eliminate range checks")                                         \
1097                                                                             \
1098   develop_pd(bool, UncommonNullCast,                                        \
1099           "track occurrences of null in casts; adjust compiler tactics")    \
1100                                                                             \
1101   develop(bool, TypeProfileCasts,  true,                                    \
1102           "treat casts like calls for purposes of type profiling")          \
1103                                                                             \
1104   develop(bool, TraceLivenessGen, false,                                    \
1105           "Trace the generation of liveness analysis information")          \
1106                                                                             \
1107   notproduct(bool, TraceLivenessQuery, false,                               \
1108           "Trace queries of liveness analysis information")                 \
1109                                                                             \
1110   notproduct(bool, CollectIndexSetStatistics, false,                        \
1111           "Collect information about IndexSets")                            \
1112                                                                             \
1113   develop(intx, FastAllocateSizeLimit, 128*K,                               \
1114           /* Note:  This value is zero mod 1<<13 for a cheap sparc set. */  \
1115           "Inline allocations larger than this in doublewords must go slow")\
1116                                                                             \
1117   product_pd(bool, CompactStrings,                                          \
1118           "Enable Strings to use single byte chars in backing store")       \
1119                                                                             \
1120   product_pd(uintx, TypeProfileLevel,                                       \
1121           "=XYZ, with Z: Type profiling of arguments at call; "             \
1122                      "Y: Type profiling of return value at call; "          \
1123                      "X: Type profiling of parameters to methods; "         \
1124           "X, Y and Z in 0=off ; 1=jsr292 only; 2=all methods")             \
1125           constraint(TypeProfileLevelConstraintFunc, AfterErgo)             \
1126                                                                             \
1127   product(intx, TypeProfileArgsLimit,     2,                                \
1128           "max number of call arguments to consider for type profiling")    \
1129           range(0, 16)                                                      \
1130                                                                             \
1131   product(intx, TypeProfileParmsLimit,    2,                                \
1132           "max number of incoming parameters to consider for type profiling"\
1133           ", -1 for all")                                                   \
1134           range(-1, 64)                                                     \
1135                                                                             \
1136   /* statistics */                                                          \
1137   develop(bool, CountCompiledCalls, false,                                  \
1138           "Count method invocations")                                       \
1139                                                                             \
1140   notproduct(bool, ICMissHistogram, false,                                  \
1141           "Produce histogram of IC misses")                                 \
1142                                                                             \
1143   /* interpreter */                                                         \
1144   product_pd(bool, RewriteBytecodes,                                        \
1145           "Allow rewriting of bytecodes (bytecodes are not immutable)")     \
1146                                                                             \
1147   product_pd(bool, RewriteFrequentPairs,                                    \
1148           "Rewrite frequently used bytecode pairs into a single bytecode")  \
1149                                                                             \
1150   product(bool, PrintInterpreter, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                        \
1151           "Print the generated interpreter code")                           \
1152                                                                             \
1153   product(bool, UseInterpreter, true,                                       \
1154           "Use interpreter for non-compiled methods")                       \
1155                                                                             \
1156   develop(bool, UseFastSignatureHandlers, true,                             \
1157           "Use fast signature handlers for native calls")                   \
1158                                                                             \
1159   product(bool, UseLoopCounter, true,                                       \
1160           "Increment invocation counter on backward branch")                \
1161                                                                             \
1162   product_pd(bool, UseOnStackReplacement,                                   \
1163           "Use on stack replacement, calls runtime if invoc. counter "      \
1164           "overflows in loop")                                              \
1165                                                                             \
1166   notproduct(bool, TraceOnStackReplacement, false,                          \
1167           "Trace on stack replacement")                                     \
1168                                                                             \
1169   product_pd(bool, PreferInterpreterNativeStubs,                            \
1170           "Use always interpreter stubs for native methods invoked via "    \
1171           "interpreter")                                                    \
1172                                                                             \
1173   develop(bool, CountBytecodes, false,                                      \
1174           "Count number of bytecodes executed")                             \
1175                                                                             \
1176   develop(bool, PrintBytecodeHistogram, false,                              \
1177           "Print histogram of the executed bytecodes")                      \
1178                                                                             \
1179   develop(bool, PrintBytecodePairHistogram, false,                          \
1180           "Print histogram of the executed bytecode pairs")                 \
1181                                                                             \
1182   product(bool, PrintSignatureHandlers, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                  \
1183           "Print code generated for native method signature handlers")      \
1184                                                                             \
1185   develop(bool, VerifyOops, false,                                          \
1186           "Do plausibility checks for oops")                                \
1187                                                                             \
1188   develop(bool, CheckUnhandledOops, false,                                  \
1189           "Check for unhandled oops in VM code")                            \
1190                                                                             \
1191   develop(bool, VerifyJNIFields, trueInDebug,                               \
1192           "Verify jfieldIDs for instance fields")                           \
1193                                                                             \
1194   develop(bool, VerifyFPU, false,                                           \
1195           "Verify FPU state (check for NaN's, etc.)")                       \
1196                                                                             \
1197   develop(bool, VerifyThread, false,                                        \
1198           "Watch the thread register for corruption (SPARC only)")          \
1199                                                                             \
1200   develop(bool, VerifyActivationFrameSize, false,                           \
1201           "Verify that activation frame didn't become smaller than its "    \
1202           "minimal size")                                                   \
1203                                                                             \
1204   develop(bool, TraceFrequencyInlining, false,                              \
1205           "Trace frequency based inlining")                                 \
1206                                                                             \
1207   develop_pd(bool, InlineIntrinsics,                                        \
1208           "Inline intrinsics that can be statically resolved")              \
1209                                                                             \
1210   product_pd(bool, ProfileInterpreter,                                      \
1211           "Profile at the bytecode level during interpretation")            \
1212                                                                             \
1213   develop_pd(bool, ProfileTraps,                                            \
1214           "Profile deoptimization traps at the bytecode level")             \
1215                                                                             \
1216   product(intx, ProfileMaturityPercentage, 20,                              \
1217           "number of method invocations/branches (expressed as % of "       \
1218           "CompileThreshold) before using the method's profile")            \
1219           range(0, 100)                                                     \
1220                                                                             \
1221   product(bool, PrintMethodData, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                         \
1222           "Print the results of +ProfileInterpreter at end of run")         \
1223                                                                             \
1224   develop(bool, VerifyDataPointer, trueInDebug,                             \
1225           "Verify the method data pointer during interpreter profiling")    \
1226                                                                             \
1227   notproduct(bool, CrashGCForDumpingJavaThread, false,                      \
1228           "Manually make GC thread crash then dump java stack trace;  "     \
1229           "Test only")                                                      \
1230                                                                             \
1231   /* compilation */                                                         \
1232   product(bool, UseCompiler, true,                                          \
1233           "Use Just-In-Time compilation")                                   \
1234                                                                             \
1235   product(bool, UseCounterDecay, true,                                      \
1236           "Adjust recompilation counters")                                  \
1237                                                                             \
1238   develop(intx, CounterHalfLifeTime,    30,                                 \
1239           "Half-life time of invocation counters (in seconds)")             \
1240                                                                             \
1241   develop(intx, CounterDecayMinIntervalLength,   500,                       \
1242           "The minimum interval (in milliseconds) between invocation of "   \
1243           "CounterDecay")                                                   \
1244                                                                             \
1245   product(bool, AlwaysCompileLoopMethods, false,                            \
1246           "When using recompilation, never interpret methods "              \
1247           "containing loops")                                               \
1248                                                                             \
1249   product(intx,  AllocatePrefetchStyle, 1,                                  \
1250           "0 = no prefetch, "                                               \
1251           "1 = generate prefetch instructions for each allocation, "        \
1252           "2 = use TLAB watermark to gate allocation prefetch, "            \
1253           "3 = generate one prefetch instruction per cache line")           \
1254           range(0, 3)                                                       \
1255                                                                             \
1256   product(intx,  AllocatePrefetchDistance, -1,                              \
1257           "Distance to prefetch ahead of allocation pointer. "              \
1258           "-1: use system-specific value (automatically determined")        \
1259           constraint(AllocatePrefetchDistanceConstraintFunc,AfterMemoryInit)\
1260                                                                             \
1261   product(intx,  AllocatePrefetchLines, 3,                                  \
1262           "Number of lines to prefetch ahead of array allocation pointer")  \
1263           range(1, 64)                                                      \
1264                                                                             \
1265   product(intx,  AllocateInstancePrefetchLines, 1,                          \
1266           "Number of lines to prefetch ahead of instance allocation "       \
1267           "pointer")                                                        \
1268           range(1, 64)                                                      \
1269                                                                             \
1270   product(intx,  AllocatePrefetchStepSize, 16,                              \
1271           "Step size in bytes of sequential prefetch instructions")         \
1272           range(1, 512)                                                     \
1273           constraint(AllocatePrefetchStepSizeConstraintFunc,AfterMemoryInit)\
1274                                                                             \
1275   product(intx,  AllocatePrefetchInstr, 0,                                  \
1276           "Select instruction to prefetch ahead of allocation pointer")     \
1277           constraint(AllocatePrefetchInstrConstraintFunc, AfterMemoryInit)  \
1278                                                                             \
1279   /* deoptimization */                                                      \
1280   product(bool, TraceDeoptimization, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                     \
1281           "Trace deoptimization")                                           \
1282                                                                             \
1283   develop(bool, PrintDeoptimizationDetails, false,                          \
1284           "Print more information about deoptimization")                    \
1285                                                                             \
1286   develop(bool, DebugDeoptimization, false,                                 \
1287           "Tracing various information while debugging deoptimization")     \
1288                                                                             \
1289   product(intx, SelfDestructTimer, 0,                                       \
1290           "Will cause VM to terminate after a given time (in minutes) "     \
1291           "(0 means off)")                                                  \
1292           range(0, max_intx)                                                \
1293                                                                             \
1294   product(intx, MaxJavaStackTraceDepth, 1024,                               \
1295           "The maximum number of lines in the stack trace for Java "        \
1296           "exceptions (0 means all)")                                       \
1297           range(0, max_jint/2)                                              \
1298                                                                             \
1299   /* notice: the max range value here is max_jint, not max_intx  */         \
1300   /* because of overflow issue                                   */         \
1301   product(intx, GuaranteedSafepointInterval, 1000, DIAGNOSTIC,              \
1302           "Guarantee a safepoint (at least) every so many milliseconds "    \
1303           "(0 means none)")                                                 \
1304           range(0, max_jint)                                                \
1305                                                                             \
1306   product(intx, SafepointTimeoutDelay, 10000,                               \
1307           "Delay in milliseconds for option SafepointTimeout")              \
1308           range(0, max_intx LP64_ONLY(/MICROUNITS))                         \
1309                                                                             \
1310   product(intx, NmethodSweepActivity, 10,                                   \
1311           "Removes cold nmethods from code cache if > 0. Higher values "    \
1312           "result in more aggressive sweeping")                             \
1313           range(0, 2000)                                                    \
1314                                                                             \
1315   notproduct(bool, LogSweeper, false,                                       \
1316           "Keep a ring buffer of sweeper activity")                         \
1317                                                                             \
1318   notproduct(intx, SweeperLogEntries, 1024,                                 \
1319           "Number of records in the ring buffer of sweeper activity")       \
1320                                                                             \
1321   develop(intx, MallocCatchPtr, -1,                                         \
1322           "Hit breakpoint when mallocing/freeing this pointer")             \
1323                                                                             \
1324   notproduct(ccstrlist, SuppressErrorAt, "",                                \
1325           "List of assertions (file:line) to muzzle")                       \
1326                                                                             \
1327   develop(intx, StackPrintLimit, 100,                                       \
1328           "number of stack frames to print in VM-level stack dump")         \
1329                                                                             \
1330   product(int, ErrorLogPrintCodeLimit, 3, DIAGNOSTIC,                       \
1331           "max number of compiled code units to print in error log")        \
1332           range(0, VMError::max_error_log_print_code)                       \
1333                                                                             \
1334   notproduct(intx, MaxElementPrintSize, 256,                                \
1335           "maximum number of elements to print")                            \
1336                                                                             \
1337   notproduct(intx, MaxSubklassPrintSize, 4,                                 \
1338           "maximum number of subklasses to print when printing klass")      \
1339                                                                             \
1340   develop(intx, MaxForceInlineLevel, 100,                                   \
1341           "maximum number of nested calls that are forced for inlining "    \
1342           "(using CompileCommand or marked w/ @ForceInline)")               \
1343           range(0, max_jint)                                                \
1344                                                                             \
1345   develop(intx, MethodHistogramCutoff, 100,                                 \
1346           "The cutoff value for method invocation histogram (+CountCalls)") \
1347                                                                             \
1348   develop(intx, DontYieldALotInterval,    10,                               \
1349           "Interval between which yields will be dropped (milliseconds)")   \
1350                                                                             \
1351   notproduct(intx, DeoptimizeALotInterval,     5,                           \
1352           "Number of exits until DeoptimizeALot kicks in")                  \
1353                                                                             \
1354   notproduct(intx, ZombieALotInterval,     5,                               \
1355           "Number of exits until ZombieALot kicks in")                      \
1356                                                                             \
1357   product(uintx, MallocMaxTestWords,     0, DIAGNOSTIC,                     \
1358           "If non-zero, maximum number of words that malloc/realloc can "   \
1359           "allocate (for testing only)")                                    \
1360           range(0, max_uintx)                                               \
1361                                                                             \
1362   product(intx, TypeProfileWidth, 2,                                        \
1363           "Number of receiver types to record in call/cast profile")        \
1364           range(0, 8)                                                       \
1365                                                                             \
1366   develop(intx, BciProfileWidth,      2,                                    \
1367           "Number of return bci's to record in ret profile")                \
1368                                                                             \
1369   product(intx, PerMethodRecompilationCutoff, 400,                          \
1370           "After recompiling N times, stay in the interpreter (-1=>'Inf')") \
1371           range(-1, max_intx)                                               \
1372                                                                             \
1373   product(intx, PerBytecodeRecompilationCutoff, 200,                        \
1374           "Per-BCI limit on repeated recompilation (-1=>'Inf')")            \
1375           range(-1, max_intx)                                               \
1376                                                                             \
1377   product(intx, PerMethodTrapLimit,  100,                                   \
1378           "Limit on traps (of one kind) in a method (includes inlines)")    \
1379           range(0, max_jint)                                                \
1380                                                                             \
1381   product(intx, PerMethodSpecTrapLimit,  5000, EXPERIMENTAL,                \
1382           "Limit on speculative traps (of one kind) in a method "           \
1383           "(includes inlines)")                                             \
1384           range(0, max_jint)                                                \
1385                                                                             \
1386   product(intx, PerBytecodeTrapLimit,  4,                                   \
1387           "Limit on traps (of one kind) at a particular BCI")               \
1388           range(0, max_jint)                                                \
1389                                                                             \
1390   product(intx, SpecTrapLimitExtraEntries,  3, EXPERIMENTAL,                \
1391           "Extra method data trap entries for speculation")                 \
1392                                                                             \
1393   product(double, InlineFrequencyRatio, 0.25, DIAGNOSTIC,                   \
1394           "Ratio of call site execution to caller method invocation")       \
1395                                                                             \
1396   product(double, MinInlineFrequencyRatio, 0.0085, DIAGNOSTIC,               \
1397           "Minimum ratio of call site execution to caller method"           \
1398           "invocation to be considered for inlining")                       \
1399                                                                             \
1400   develop(intx, InlineThrowCount,    50,                                    \
1401           "Force inlining of interpreted methods that throw this often")    \
1402           range(0, max_jint)                                                \
1403                                                                             \
1404   develop(intx, InlineThrowMaxSize,   200,                                  \
1405           "Force inlining of throwing methods smaller than this")           \
1406           range(0, max_jint)                                                \
1407                                                                             \
1408   product(size_t, MetaspaceSize, NOT_LP64(16 * M) LP64_ONLY(21 * M),        \
1409           "Initial threshold (in bytes) at which a garbage collection "     \
1410           "is done to reduce Metaspace usage")                              \
1411           constraint(MetaspaceSizeConstraintFunc,AfterErgo)                 \
1412                                                                             \
1413   product(size_t, MaxMetaspaceSize, max_uintx,                              \
1414           "Maximum size of Metaspaces (in bytes)")                          \
1415           constraint(MaxMetaspaceSizeConstraintFunc,AfterErgo)              \
1416                                                                             \
1417   product(size_t, CompressedClassSpaceSize, 1*G,                            \
1418           "Maximum size of class area in Metaspace when compressed "        \
1419           "class pointers are used")                                        \
1420           range(1*M, 3*G)                                                   \
1421                                                                             \
1422   develop(size_t, CompressedClassSpaceBaseAddress, 0,                       \
1423           "Force the class space to be allocated at this address or "       \
1424           "fails VM initialization (requires -Xshare=off.")                 \
1425                                                                             \
1426   product(ccstr, MetaspaceReclaimPolicy, "balanced",                        \
1427           "options: balanced, aggressive, none")                            \
1428                                                                             \
1429   product(bool, PrintMetaspaceStatisticsAtExit, false, DIAGNOSTIC,          \
1430           "Print metaspace statistics upon VM exit.")                       \
1431                                                                             \
1432   develop(bool, MetaspaceGuardAllocations, false,                           \
1433           "Metapace allocations are guarded.")                              \
1434                                                                             \
1435   product(uintx, MinHeapFreeRatio, 40, MANAGEABLE,                          \
1436           "The minimum percentage of heap free after GC to avoid expansion."\
1437           " For most GCs this applies to the old generation. In G1 and"     \
1438           " ParallelGC it applies to the whole heap.")                      \
1439           range(0, 100)                                                     \
1440           constraint(MinHeapFreeRatioConstraintFunc,AfterErgo)              \
1441                                                                             \
1442   product(uintx, MaxHeapFreeRatio, 70, MANAGEABLE,                          \
1443           "The maximum percentage of heap free after GC to avoid shrinking."\
1444           " For most GCs this applies to the old generation. In G1 and"     \
1445           " ParallelGC it applies to the whole heap.")                      \
1446           range(0, 100)                                                     \
1447           constraint(MaxHeapFreeRatioConstraintFunc,AfterErgo)              \
1448                                                                             \
1449   product(bool, ShrinkHeapInSteps, true,                                    \
1450           "When disabled, informs the GC to shrink the java heap directly"  \
1451           " to the target size at the next full GC rather than requiring"   \
1452           " smaller steps during multiple full GCs.")                       \
1453                                                                             \
1454   product(intx, SoftRefLRUPolicyMSPerMB, 1000,                              \
1455           "Number of milliseconds per MB of free space in the heap")        \
1456           range(0, max_intx)                                                \
1457           constraint(SoftRefLRUPolicyMSPerMBConstraintFunc,AfterMemoryInit) \
1458                                                                             \
1459   product(size_t, MinHeapDeltaBytes, ScaleForWordSize(128*K),               \
1460           "The minimum change in heap space due to GC (in bytes)")          \
1461           range(0, max_uintx)                                               \
1462                                                                             \
1463   product(size_t, MinMetaspaceExpansion, ScaleForWordSize(256*K),           \
1464           "The minimum expansion of Metaspace (in bytes)")                  \
1465           range(0, max_uintx)                                               \
1466                                                                             \
1467   product(uintx, MaxMetaspaceFreeRatio,    70,                              \
1468           "The maximum percentage of Metaspace free after GC to avoid "     \
1469           "shrinking")                                                      \
1470           range(0, 100)                                                     \
1471           constraint(MaxMetaspaceFreeRatioConstraintFunc,AfterErgo)         \
1472                                                                             \
1473   product(uintx, MinMetaspaceFreeRatio,    40,                              \
1474           "The minimum percentage of Metaspace free after GC to avoid "     \
1475           "expansion")                                                      \
1476           range(0, 99)                                                      \
1477           constraint(MinMetaspaceFreeRatioConstraintFunc,AfterErgo)         \
1478                                                                             \
1479   product(size_t, MaxMetaspaceExpansion, ScaleForWordSize(4*M),             \
1480           "The maximum expansion of Metaspace without full GC (in bytes)")  \
1481           range(0, max_uintx)                                               \
1482                                                                             \
1483   /* stack parameters */                                                    \
1484   product_pd(intx, StackYellowPages,                                        \
1485           "Number of yellow zone (recoverable overflows) pages of size "    \
1486           "4KB. If pages are bigger yellow zone is aligned up.")            \
1487           range(MIN_STACK_YELLOW_PAGES, (DEFAULT_STACK_YELLOW_PAGES+5))     \
1488                                                                             \
1489   product_pd(intx, StackRedPages,                                           \
1490           "Number of red zone (unrecoverable overflows) pages of size "     \
1491           "4KB. If pages are bigger red zone is aligned up.")               \
1492           range(MIN_STACK_RED_PAGES, (DEFAULT_STACK_RED_PAGES+2))           \
1493                                                                             \
1494   product_pd(intx, StackReservedPages,                                      \
1495           "Number of reserved zone (reserved to annotated methods) pages"   \
1496           " of size 4KB. If pages are bigger reserved zone is aligned up.") \
1497           range(MIN_STACK_RESERVED_PAGES, (DEFAULT_STACK_RESERVED_PAGES+10))\
1498                                                                             \
1499   product(bool, RestrictReservedStack, true,                                \
1500           "Restrict @ReservedStackAccess to trusted classes")               \
1501                                                                             \
1502   /* greater stack shadow pages can't generate instruction to bang stack */ \
1503   product_pd(intx, StackShadowPages,                                        \
1504           "Number of shadow zone (for overflow checking) pages of size "    \
1505           "4KB. If pages are bigger shadow zone is aligned up. "            \
1506           "This should exceed the depth of the VM and native call stack.")  \
1507           range(MIN_STACK_SHADOW_PAGES, (DEFAULT_STACK_SHADOW_PAGES+30))    \
1508                                                                             \
1509   product_pd(intx, ThreadStackSize,                                         \
1510           "Thread Stack Size (in Kbytes)")                                  \
1511           range(0, 1 * M)                                                   \
1512                                                                             \
1513   product_pd(intx, VMThreadStackSize,                                       \
1514           "Non-Java Thread Stack Size (in Kbytes)")                         \
1515           range(0, max_intx/(1 * K))                                        \
1516                                                                             \
1517   product_pd(intx, CompilerThreadStackSize,                                 \
1518           "Compiler Thread Stack Size (in Kbytes)")                         \
1519           range(0, max_intx/(1 * K))                                        \
1520                                                                             \
1521   develop_pd(size_t, JVMInvokeMethodSlack,                                  \
1522           "Stack space (bytes) required for JVM_InvokeMethod to complete")  \
1523                                                                             \
1524   /* code cache parameters                                    */            \
1525   product_pd(uintx, CodeCacheSegmentSize, EXPERIMENTAL,                     \
1526           "Code cache segment size (in bytes) - smallest unit of "          \
1527           "allocation")                                                     \
1528           range(1, 1024)                                                    \
1529           constraint(CodeCacheSegmentSizeConstraintFunc, AfterErgo)         \
1530                                                                             \
1531   product_pd(intx, CodeEntryAlignment, EXPERIMENTAL,                        \
1532           "Code entry alignment for generated code (in bytes)")             \
1533           constraint(CodeEntryAlignmentConstraintFunc, AfterErgo)           \
1534                                                                             \
1535   product_pd(intx, OptoLoopAlignment,                                       \
1536           "Align inner loops to zero relative to this modulus")             \
1537           range(1, 128)                                                     \
1538           constraint(OptoLoopAlignmentConstraintFunc, AfterErgo)            \
1539                                                                             \
1540   product_pd(uintx, InitialCodeCacheSize,                                   \
1541           "Initial code cache size (in bytes)")                             \
1542           constraint(VMPageSizeConstraintFunc, AtParse)                     \
1543                                                                             \
1544   develop_pd(uintx, CodeCacheMinimumUseSpace,                               \
1545           "Minimum code cache size (in bytes) required to start VM.")       \
1546           range(0, max_uintx)                                               \
1547                                                                             \
1548   product(bool, SegmentedCodeCache, false,                                  \
1549           "Use a segmented code cache")                                     \
1550                                                                             \
1551   product_pd(uintx, ReservedCodeCacheSize,                                  \
1552           "Reserved code cache size (in bytes) - maximum code cache size")  \
1553           constraint(VMPageSizeConstraintFunc, AtParse)                     \
1554                                                                             \
1555   product_pd(uintx, NonProfiledCodeHeapSize,                                \
1556           "Size of code heap with non-profiled methods (in bytes)")         \
1557           range(0, max_uintx)                                               \
1558                                                                             \
1559   product_pd(uintx, ProfiledCodeHeapSize,                                   \
1560           "Size of code heap with profiled methods (in bytes)")             \
1561           range(0, max_uintx)                                               \
1562                                                                             \
1563   product_pd(uintx, NonNMethodCodeHeapSize,                                 \
1564           "Size of code heap with non-nmethods (in bytes)")                 \
1565           constraint(VMPageSizeConstraintFunc, AtParse)                     \
1566                                                                             \
1567   product_pd(uintx, CodeCacheExpansionSize,                                 \
1568           "Code cache expansion size (in bytes)")                           \
1569           range(32*K, max_uintx)                                            \
1570                                                                             \
1571   product_pd(uintx, CodeCacheMinBlockLength, DIAGNOSTIC,                    \
1572           "Minimum number of segments in a code cache block")               \
1573           range(1, 100)                                                     \
1574                                                                             \
1575   notproduct(bool, ExitOnFullCodeCache, false,                              \
1576           "Exit the VM if we fill the code cache")                          \
1577                                                                             \
1578   product(bool, UseCodeCacheFlushing, true,                                 \
1579           "Remove cold/old nmethods from the code cache")                   \
1580                                                                             \
1581   product(double, SweeperThreshold, 0.5,                                    \
1582           "Threshold controlling when code cache sweeper is invoked."       \
1583           "Value is percentage of ReservedCodeCacheSize.")                  \
1584           range(0.0, 100.0)                                                 \
1585                                                                             \
1586   product(uintx, StartAggressiveSweepingAt, 10,                             \
1587           "Start aggressive sweeping if X[%] of the code cache is free."    \
1588           "Segmented code cache: X[%] of the non-profiled heap."            \
1589           "Non-segmented code cache: X[%] of the total code cache")         \
1590           range(0, 100)                                                     \
1591                                                                             \
1592   /* interpreter debugging */                                               \
1593   develop(intx, BinarySwitchThreshold, 5,                                   \
1594           "Minimal number of lookupswitch entries for rewriting to binary " \
1595           "switch")                                                         \
1596                                                                             \
1597   develop(intx, StopInterpreterAt, 0,                                       \
1598           "Stop interpreter execution at specified bytecode number")        \
1599                                                                             \
1600   develop(intx, TraceBytecodesAt, 0,                                        \
1601           "Trace bytecodes starting with specified bytecode number")        \
1602                                                                             \
1603   /* Priorities */                                                          \
1604   product_pd(bool, UseThreadPriorities,  "Use native thread priorities")    \
1605                                                                             \
1606   product(intx, ThreadPriorityPolicy, 0,                                    \
1607           "0 : Normal.                                                     "\
1608           "    VM chooses priorities that are appropriate for normal       "\
1609           "    applications.                                               "\
1610           "    On Windows applications are allowed to use higher native    "\
1611           "    priorities. However, with ThreadPriorityPolicy=0, VM will   "\
1612           "    not use the highest possible native priority,               "\
1613           "    THREAD_PRIORITY_TIME_CRITICAL, as it may interfere with     "\
1614           "    system threads. On Linux thread priorities are ignored      "\
1615           "    because the OS does not support static priority in          "\
1616           "    SCHED_OTHER scheduling class which is the only choice for   "\
1617           "    non-root, non-realtime applications.                        "\
1618           "1 : Aggressive.                                                 "\
1619           "    Java thread priorities map over to the entire range of      "\
1620           "    native thread priorities. Higher Java thread priorities map "\
1621           "    to higher native thread priorities. This policy should be   "\
1622           "    used with care, as sometimes it can cause performance       "\
1623           "    degradation in the application and/or the entire system. On "\
1624           "    Linux/BSD/macOS this policy requires root privilege or an   "\
1625           "    extended capability.")                                       \
1626           range(0, 1)                                                       \
1627                                                                             \
1628   product(bool, ThreadPriorityVerbose, false,                               \
1629           "Print priority changes")                                         \
1630                                                                             \
1631   product(intx, CompilerThreadPriority, -1,                                 \
1632           "The native priority at which compiler threads should run "       \
1633           "(-1 means no change)")                                           \
1634           range(min_jint, max_jint)                                         \
1635                                                                             \
1636   product(intx, VMThreadPriority, -1,                                       \
1637           "The native priority at which the VM thread should run "          \
1638           "(-1 means no change)")                                           \
1639           range(-1, 127)                                                    \
1640                                                                             \
1641   product(intx, JavaPriority1_To_OSPriority, -1,                            \
1642           "Map Java priorities to OS priorities")                           \
1643           range(-1, 127)                                                    \
1644                                                                             \
1645   product(intx, JavaPriority2_To_OSPriority, -1,                            \
1646           "Map Java priorities to OS priorities")                           \
1647           range(-1, 127)                                                    \
1648                                                                             \
1649   product(intx, JavaPriority3_To_OSPriority, -1,                            \
1650           "Map Java priorities to OS priorities")                           \
1651           range(-1, 127)                                                    \
1652                                                                             \
1653   product(intx, JavaPriority4_To_OSPriority, -1,                            \
1654           "Map Java priorities to OS priorities")                           \
1655           range(-1, 127)                                                    \
1656                                                                             \
1657   product(intx, JavaPriority5_To_OSPriority, -1,                            \
1658           "Map Java priorities to OS priorities")                           \
1659           range(-1, 127)                                                    \
1660                                                                             \
1661   product(intx, JavaPriority6_To_OSPriority, -1,                            \
1662           "Map Java priorities to OS priorities")                           \
1663           range(-1, 127)                                                    \
1664                                                                             \
1665   product(intx, JavaPriority7_To_OSPriority, -1,                            \
1666           "Map Java priorities to OS priorities")                           \
1667           range(-1, 127)                                                    \
1668                                                                             \
1669   product(intx, JavaPriority8_To_OSPriority, -1,                            \
1670           "Map Java priorities to OS priorities")                           \
1671           range(-1, 127)                                                    \
1672                                                                             \
1673   product(intx, JavaPriority9_To_OSPriority, -1,                            \
1674           "Map Java priorities to OS priorities")                           \
1675           range(-1, 127)                                                    \
1676                                                                             \
1677   product(intx, JavaPriority10_To_OSPriority,-1,                            \
1678           "Map Java priorities to OS priorities")                           \
1679           range(-1, 127)                                                    \
1680                                                                             \
1681   product(bool, UseCriticalJavaThreadPriority, false, EXPERIMENTAL,         \
1682           "Java thread priority 10 maps to critical scheduling priority")   \
1683                                                                             \
1684   product(bool, UseCriticalCompilerThreadPriority, false, EXPERIMENTAL,     \
1685           "Compiler thread(s) run at critical scheduling priority")         \
1686                                                                             \
1687   develop(intx, NewCodeParameter,      0,                                   \
1688           "Testing Only: Create a dedicated integer parameter before "      \
1689           "putback")                                                        \
1690                                                                             \
1691   /* new oopmap storage allocation */                                       \
1692   develop(intx, MinOopMapAllocation,     8,                                 \
1693           "Minimum number of OopMap entries in an OopMapSet")               \
1694                                                                             \
1695   /* recompilation */                                                       \
1696   product_pd(intx, CompileThreshold,                                        \
1697           "number of interpreted method invocations before (re-)compiling") \
1698           constraint(CompileThresholdConstraintFunc, AfterErgo)             \
1699                                                                             \
1700   product_pd(bool, TieredCompilation,                                       \
1701           "Enable tiered compilation")                                      \
1702                                                                             \
1703   /* Properties for Java libraries  */                                      \
1704                                                                             \
1705   product(uint64_t, MaxDirectMemorySize, 0,                                 \
1706           "Maximum total size of NIO direct-buffer allocations")            \
1707           range(0, max_jlong)                                               \
1708                                                                             \
1709   /* Flags used for temporary code during development  */                   \
1710                                                                             \
1711   product(bool, UseNewCode, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                              \
1712           "Testing Only: Use the new version while testing")                \
1713                                                                             \
1714   product(bool, UseNewCode2, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                             \
1715           "Testing Only: Use the new version while testing")                \
1716                                                                             \
1717   product(bool, UseNewCode3, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                             \
1718           "Testing Only: Use the new version while testing")                \
1719                                                                             \
1720   notproduct(bool, UseDebuggerErgo, false,                                  \
1721           "Debugging Only: Adjust the VM to be more debugger-friendly. "    \
1722           "Turns on the other UseDebuggerErgo* flags")                      \
1723                                                                             \
1724   notproduct(bool, UseDebuggerErgo1, false,                                 \
1725           "Debugging Only: Enable workarounds for debugger induced "        \
1726           "os::processor_id() >= os::processor_count() problems")           \
1727                                                                             \
1728   notproduct(bool, UseDebuggerErgo2, false,                                 \
1729           "Debugging Only: Limit the number of spawned JVM threads")        \
1730                                                                             \
1731   notproduct(bool, EnableJVMTIStackDepthAsserts, true,                      \
1732           "Enable JVMTI asserts related to stack depth checks")             \
1733                                                                             \
1734   /* flags for performance data collection */                               \
1735                                                                             \
1736   product(bool, UsePerfData, true,                                          \
1737           "Flag to disable jvmstat instrumentation for performance testing "\
1738           "and problem isolation purposes")                                 \
1739                                                                             \
1740   product(bool, PerfDataSaveToFile, false,                                  \
1741           "Save PerfData memory to hsperfdata_<pid> file on exit")          \
1742                                                                             \
1743   product(ccstr, PerfDataSaveFile, NULL,                                    \
1744           "Save PerfData memory to the specified absolute pathname. "       \
1745           "The string %p in the file name (if present) "                    \
1746           "will be replaced by pid")                                        \
1747                                                                             \
1748   product(intx, PerfDataSamplingInterval, 50,                               \
1749           "Data sampling interval (in milliseconds)")                       \
1750           range(PeriodicTask::min_interval, max_jint)                       \
1751           constraint(PerfDataSamplingIntervalFunc, AfterErgo)               \
1752                                                                             \
1753   product(bool, PerfDisableSharedMem, false,                                \
1754           "Store performance data in standard memory")                      \
1755                                                                             \
1756   product(intx, PerfDataMemorySize, 32*K,                                   \
1757           "Size of performance data memory region. Will be rounded "        \
1758           "up to a multiple of the native os page size.")                   \
1759           range(128, 32*64*K)                                               \
1760                                                                             \
1761   product(intx, PerfMaxStringConstLength, 1024,                             \
1762           "Maximum PerfStringConstant string length before truncation")     \
1763           range(32, 32*K)                                                   \
1764                                                                             \
1765   product(bool, PerfAllowAtExitRegistration, false,                         \
1766           "Allow registration of atexit() methods")                         \
1767                                                                             \
1768   product(bool, PerfBypassFileSystemCheck, false,                           \
1769           "Bypass Win32 file system criteria checks (Windows Only)")        \
1770                                                                             \
1771   product(intx, UnguardOnExecutionViolation, 0,                             \
1772           "Unguard page and retry on no-execute fault (Win32 only) "        \
1773           "0=off, 1=conservative, 2=aggressive")                            \
1774           range(0, 2)                                                       \
1775                                                                             \
1776   /* Serviceability Support */                                              \
1777                                                                             \
1778   product(bool, ManagementServer, false,                                    \
1779           "Create JMX Management Server")                                   \
1780                                                                             \
1781   product(bool, DisableAttachMechanism, false,                              \
1782           "Disable mechanism that allows tools to attach to this VM")       \
1783                                                                             \
1784   product(bool, StartAttachListener, false,                                 \
1785           "Always start Attach Listener at VM startup")                     \
1786                                                                             \
1787   product(bool, EnableDynamicAgentLoading, true,                            \
1788           "Allow tools to load agents with the attach mechanism")           \
1789                                                                             \
1790   product(bool, PrintConcurrentLocks, false, MANAGEABLE,                    \
1791           "Print java.util.concurrent locks in thread dump")                \
1792                                                                             \
1793   /* Shared spaces */                                                       \
1794                                                                             \
1795   product(bool, VerifySharedSpaces, false,                                  \
1796           "Verify integrity of shared spaces")                              \
1797                                                                             \
1798   product(bool, RecordDynamicDumpInfo, false,                               \
1799           "Record class info for jcmd VM.cds dynamic_dump")                 \
1800                                                                             \
1801   product(bool, AutoCreateSharedArchive, false,                             \
1802           "Create shared archive at exit if cds mapping failed")            \
1803                                                                             \
1804   product(bool, PrintSharedArchiveAndExit, false,                           \
1805           "Print shared archive file contents")                             \
1806                                                                             \
1807   product(bool, PrintSharedDictionary, false,                               \
1808           "If PrintSharedArchiveAndExit is true, also print the shared "    \
1809           "dictionary")                                                     \
1810                                                                             \
1811   product(size_t, SharedBaseAddress, LP64_ONLY(32*G)                        \
1812           NOT_LP64(LINUX_ONLY(2*G) NOT_LINUX(0)),                           \
1813           "Address to allocate shared memory region for class data")        \
1814           range(0, SIZE_MAX)                                                \
1815                                                                             \
1816   product(ccstr, SharedArchiveConfigFile, NULL,                             \
1817           "Data to add to the CDS archive file")                            \
1818                                                                             \
1819   product(uintx, SharedSymbolTableBucketSize, 4,                            \
1820           "Average number of symbols per bucket in shared table")           \
1821           range(2, 246)                                                     \
1822                                                                             \
1823   product(bool, AllowArchivingWithJavaAgent, false, DIAGNOSTIC,             \
1824           "Allow Java agent to be run with CDS dumping")                    \
1825                                                                             \
1826   product(bool, PrintMethodHandleStubs, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                  \
1827           "Print generated stub code for method handles")                   \
1828                                                                             \
1829   product(bool, VerifyMethodHandles, trueInDebug, DIAGNOSTIC,               \
1830           "perform extra checks when constructing method handles")          \
1831                                                                             \
1832   product(bool, ShowHiddenFrames, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                        \
1833           "show method handle implementation frames (usually hidden)")      \
1834                                                                             \
1835   product(bool, TrustFinalNonStaticFields, false, EXPERIMENTAL,             \
1836           "trust final non-static declarations for constant folding")       \
1837                                                                             \
1838   product(bool, FoldStableValues, true, DIAGNOSTIC,                         \
1839           "Optimize loads from stable fields (marked w/ @Stable)")          \
1840                                                                             \
1841   product(int, UseBootstrapCallInfo, 1, DIAGNOSTIC,                         \
1842           "0: when resolving InDy or ConDy, force all BSM arguments to be " \
1843           "resolved before the bootstrap method is called; 1: when a BSM "  \
1844           "that may accept a BootstrapCallInfo is detected, use that API "  \
1845           "to pass BSM arguments, which allows the BSM to delay their "     \
1846           "resolution; 2+: stress test the BCI API by calling more BSMs "   \
1847           "via that API, instead of with the eagerly-resolved array.")      \
1848                                                                             \
1849   product(bool, PauseAtStartup,      false, DIAGNOSTIC,                     \
1850           "Causes the VM to pause at startup time and wait for the pause "  \
1851           "file to be removed (default: ./vm.paused.<pid>)")                \
1852                                                                             \
1853   product(ccstr, PauseAtStartupFile, NULL, DIAGNOSTIC,                      \
1854           "The file to create and for whose removal to await when pausing " \
1855           "at startup. (default: ./vm.paused.<pid>)")                       \
1856                                                                             \
1857   product(bool, PauseAtExit, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                             \
1858           "Pause and wait for keypress on exit if a debugger is attached")  \
1859                                                                             \
1860   product(bool, ExtendedDTraceProbes,    false,                             \
1861           "(Deprecated) Enable performance-impacting dtrace probes. "       \
1862           "Use the combination of -XX:+DTraceMethodProbes, "                \
1863           "-XX:+DTraceAllocProbes and -XX:+DTraceMonitorProbes instead.")   \
1864                                                                             \
1865   product(bool, DTraceMethodProbes, false,                                  \
1866           "Enable dtrace tool probes for method-entry and method-exit")     \
1867                                                                             \
1868   product(bool, DTraceAllocProbes, false,                                   \
1869           "Enable dtrace tool probes for object allocation")                \
1870                                                                             \
1871   product(bool, DTraceMonitorProbes, false,                                 \
1872           "Enable dtrace tool probes for monitor events")                   \
1873                                                                             \
1874   product(bool, RelaxAccessControlCheck, false,                             \
1875           "Relax the access control checks in the verifier")                \
1876                                                                             \
1877   product(uintx, StringTableSize, defaultStringTableSize,                   \
1878           "Number of buckets in the interned String table "                 \
1879           "(will be rounded to nearest higher power of 2)")                 \
1880           range(minimumStringTableSize, 16777216ul /* 2^24 */)              \
1881                                                                             \
1882   product(uintx, SymbolTableSize, defaultSymbolTableSize, EXPERIMENTAL,     \
1883           "Number of buckets in the JVM internal Symbol table")             \
1884           range(minimumSymbolTableSize, 16777216ul /* 2^24 */)              \
1885                                                                             \
1886   product(bool, UseStringDeduplication, false,                              \
1887           "Use string deduplication")                                       \
1888                                                                             \
1889   product(uint, StringDeduplicationAgeThreshold, 3,                         \
1890           "A string must reach this age (or be promoted to an old region) " \
1891           "to be considered for deduplication")                             \
1892           range(1, markWord::max_age)                                       \
1893                                                                             \
1894   product(size_t, StringDeduplicationInitialTableSize, 500, EXPERIMENTAL,   \
1895           "Approximate initial number of buckets in the table")             \
1896           range(1, 1 * G)                                                   \
1897                                                                             \
1898   product(double, StringDeduplicationGrowTableLoad, 14.0, EXPERIMENTAL,     \
1899           "Entries per bucket above which the table should be expanded")    \
1900           range(0.1, 1000.0)                                                \
1901                                                                             \
1902   product(double, StringDeduplicationShrinkTableLoad, 1.0, EXPERIMENTAL,    \
1903           "Entries per bucket below which the table should be shrunk")      \
1904           range(0.01, 100.0)                                                \
1905                                                                             \
1906   product(double, StringDeduplicationTargetTableLoad, 7.0, EXPERIMENTAL,    \
1907           "Desired entries per bucket when resizing the table")             \
1908           range(0.01, 1000.0)                                               \
1909                                                                             \
1910   product(size_t, StringDeduplicationCleanupDeadMinimum, 100, EXPERIMENTAL, \
1911           "Minimum number of dead table entries for cleaning the table")    \
1912                                                                             \
1913   product(int, StringDeduplicationCleanupDeadPercent, 5, EXPERIMENTAL,      \
1914           "Minimum percentage of dead table entries for cleaning the table") \
1915           range(1, 100)                                                     \
1916                                                                             \
1917   product(bool, StringDeduplicationResizeALot, false, DIAGNOSTIC,           \
1918           "Force more frequent table resizing")                             \
1919                                                                             \
1920   product(uint64_t, StringDeduplicationHashSeed, 0, DIAGNOSTIC,             \
1921           "Seed for the table hashing function; 0 requests computed seed")  \
1922                                                                             \
1923   product(bool, WhiteBoxAPI, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                             \
1924           "Enable internal testing APIs")                                   \
1925                                                                             \
1926   product(ccstr, DumpLoadedClassList, NULL,                                 \
1927           "Dump the names all loaded classes, that could be stored into "   \
1928           "the CDS archive, in the specified file")                         \
1929                                                                             \
1930   product(ccstr, SharedClassListFile, NULL,                                 \
1931           "Override the default CDS class list")                            \
1932                                                                             \
1933   product(ccstr, SharedArchiveFile, NULL,                                   \
1934           "Override the default location of the CDS archive file")          \
1935                                                                             \
1936   product(ccstr, ArchiveClassesAtExit, NULL,                                \
1937           "The path and name of the dynamic archive file")                  \
1938                                                                             \
1939   product(ccstr, ExtraSharedClassListFile, NULL,                            \
1940           "Extra classlist for building the CDS archive file")              \
1941                                                                             \
1942   product(intx, ArchiveRelocationMode, 0, DIAGNOSTIC,                       \
1943            "(0) first map at preferred address, and if "                    \
1944            "unsuccessful, map at alternative address (default); "           \
1945            "(1) always map at alternative address; "                        \
1946            "(2) always map at preferred address, and if unsuccessful, "     \
1947            "do not map the archive")                                        \
1948            range(0, 2)                                                      \
1949                                                                             \
1950   product(size_t, ArrayAllocatorMallocLimit, (size_t)-1, EXPERIMENTAL,      \
1951           "Allocation less than this value will be allocated "              \
1952           "using malloc. Larger allocations will use mmap.")                \
1953                                                                             \
1954   product(bool, AlwaysAtomicAccesses, false, EXPERIMENTAL,                  \
1955           "Accesses to all variables should always be atomic")              \
1956                                                                             \
1957   product(bool, UseUnalignedAccesses, false, DIAGNOSTIC,                    \
1958           "Use unaligned memory accesses in Unsafe")                        \
1959                                                                             \
1960   product_pd(bool, PreserveFramePointer,                                    \
1961              "Use the FP register for holding the frame pointer "           \
1962              "and not as a general purpose register.")                      \
1963                                                                             \
1964   product(size_t, AsyncLogBufferSize, 2*M,                                  \
1965           "Memory budget (in bytes) for the buffer of Asynchronous "        \
1966           "Logging (-Xlog:async).")                                         \
1967           range(100*K, 50*M)                                                \
1968                                                                             \
1969   product(bool, CheckIntrinsics, true, DIAGNOSTIC,                          \
1970              "When a class C is loaded, check that "                        \
1971              "(1) all intrinsics defined by the VM for class C are present "\
1972              "in the loaded class file and are marked with the "            \
1973              "@IntrinsicCandidate annotation, that "                        \
1974              "(2) there is an intrinsic registered for all loaded methods " \
1975              "that are annotated with the @IntrinsicCandidate annotation, " \
1976              "and that "                                                    \
1977              "(3) no orphan methods exist for class C (i.e., methods for "  \
1978              "which the VM declares an intrinsic but that are not declared "\
1979              "in the loaded class C. "                                      \
1980              "Check (3) is available only in debug builds.")                \
1981                                                                             \
1982   product_pd(intx, InitArrayShortSize, DIAGNOSTIC,                          \
1983           "Threshold small size (in bytes) for clearing arrays. "           \
1984           "Anything this size or smaller may get converted to discrete "    \
1985           "scalar stores.")                                                 \
1986           range(0, max_intx)                                                \
1987           constraint(InitArrayShortSizeConstraintFunc, AfterErgo)           \
1988                                                                             \
1989   product(ccstr, AllocateHeapAt, NULL,                                      \
1990           "Path to the directory where a temporary file will be created "   \
1991           "to use as the backing store for Java Heap.")                     \
1992                                                                             \
1993   develop(int, VerifyMetaspaceInterval, DEBUG_ONLY(500) NOT_DEBUG(0),       \
1994                "Run periodic metaspace verifications (0 - none, "           \
1995                "1 - always, >1 every nth interval)")                        \
1996                                                                             \
1997   product(bool, ShowRegistersOnAssert, true, DIAGNOSTIC,                    \
1998           "On internal errors, include registers in error report.")         \
1999                                                                             \
2000   product(bool, UseSwitchProfiling, true, DIAGNOSTIC,                       \
2001           "leverage profiling for table/lookup switch")                     \
2002                                                                             \
2003   develop(bool, TraceMemoryWriteback, false,                                \
2004           "Trace memory writeback operations")                              \
2005                                                                             \
2006   JFR_ONLY(product(bool, FlightRecorder, false,                             \
2007           "(Deprecated) Enable Flight Recorder"))                           \
2008                                                                             \
2009   JFR_ONLY(product(ccstr, FlightRecorderOptions, NULL,                      \
2010           "Flight Recorder options"))                                       \
2011                                                                             \
2012   JFR_ONLY(product(ccstr, StartFlightRecording, NULL,                       \
2013           "Start flight recording with options"))                           \
2014                                                                             \
2015   product(bool, UseFastUnorderedTimeStamps, false, EXPERIMENTAL,            \
2016           "Use platform unstable time where supported for timestamps only") \
2017                                                                             \
2018   product(bool, UseEmptySlotsInSupers, true,                                \
2019                 "Allow allocating fields in empty slots of super-classes")  \
2020                                                                             \
2021   product(bool, DeoptimizeNMethodBarriersALot, false, DIAGNOSTIC,           \
2022                 "Make nmethod barriers deoptimise a lot.")                  \
2023                                                                             \
2024   develop(bool, VerifyCrossModifyFence,                                     \
2025           false AARCH64_ONLY(DEBUG_ONLY(||true)),                           \
2026              "Mark all threads after a safepoint, and clear on a modify "   \
2027              "fence. Add cleanliness checks.")                              \
2028                                                                             \
2029   develop(bool, TraceOptimizedUpcallStubs, false,                              \
2030                 "Trace optimized upcall stub generation")                      \
2031 
2032 // end of RUNTIME_FLAGS
2033 
2034 DECLARE_FLAGS(LP64_RUNTIME_FLAGS)
2035 DECLARE_ARCH_FLAGS(ARCH_FLAGS)
2036 DECLARE_FLAGS(RUNTIME_FLAGS)
2037 DECLARE_FLAGS(RUNTIME_OS_FLAGS)
2038 
2039 #endif // SHARE_RUNTIME_GLOBALS_HPP